[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The preparation and mechanism investigation of mesoporosity and morphology are extremely important in the field of mesoporous materials. By using neutral amines as templates and alcohols as co-solvents, a series of HMS with different morphologies and mesoporosities are obtained. When long alkyl chain surfactant (n⩾16) and short alkyl chain alcohol (CH3OH and C2H5OH) are employed, the increasing alcohol content induces the morphological transformation from lotus-leaf-like flake, to aggregated flake, potato-like vesicle, sphere, and finally to solid nanoparticle. When using short alkyl chain surfactant (n⩽14) and long alkyl chain alcohol (C3H7OH), hollow vesicle, cracked sphere, sphere and mesoporous nanoparticle are successively obtained with the increase of alcohol content. Compared with the conventional mesoporous materials, HMS with these special morphologies has a unique regionally distributed dual meso-structure. By systematically analyzing the effects of co-solvent and surfactant, it is found that the morphology of the product is mainly determined by the initial surfactant micelle which can be adjusted by the type and concentration of surfactant and alcohol. Moreover, with progress of reaction, the decrease of surfactant concentration and the increase of silica polymerization degree would induce the mesophase evolution of product from 2D lamella-like to 3D wormholelike meso-structures, leading to the formation of dual meso-structured HMS products. The understanding of these processes is helpful for preparing mesoporous materials with various morphology and meso-structure for catalysis, separation and other application fields.
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 04/2010; 129(1):210-219. · 3.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An enzymatic microreactor has been fabricated based on the poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) microchchip surface-modified with zeolite nanoparticles. By introducing the silanol functional groups, the surface of PMMA microchannel has been successfully modified with silicalite-1 nanoparticle for the first time due to its large external surface area and high dispersibility in solutions. Trypsin can be stably immobilized in the microchannel to form a bioreactor using silica sol-gel matrix. The immobilization of enzyme can be realized with a stable gel network through a silicon-oxygen-silicon bridge via tethering to those silanol groups, which has been investigated by scanning electron microscopy and microchip capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection. The maximum proteolytic rate constant of the immobilized trypsin is measured to be about 6.6 mM s(-1). Using matrix assisted laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, the proposed microreactor provides an efficient digestion of cytochrome c and bovine serum albumin at a fast flow rate of 4.0 microL min(-1), which affords a very short reaction time of less than 5 s.
Lab on a Chip 05/2006; 6(4):534-9. · 5.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Various nanozeolites microspheres with uniform diameters from 3 to 8 µm were prepared by a polymerization-induced colloid aggregation method. The obtained nanozeolite microspheres possess a regularly spherical morphology and a large and adjustable secondary pore architecture that are believed to be useful in the separation of biomolecules. Moreover, the nanozeolite microspheres well retain the properties of the original colloidal nanozeolites and exhibit similar advantages to those of zeolite nanoparticles in protein adsorption. More importantly, the large secondary pore size (15-70 nm) of nanozeolite microspheres has been proven to have little limiting effect on the adsorption rate of various proteins, and a saturated adsorption is achieved even within 10 min, which may also facilitate microspheres' applications in catalysis involving diffusion limitations.
Chemistry of Materials 04/2006; 18(7). · 8.54 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The selective oxidation of a series of alcohols to their corresponding carbonyl products was carried out over a rationally designed in situ electrolytic nano-silver/zeolite film/copper grid (SZF) catalyst, which was prepared by a combination of the seed-film method for the fabrication of an ultrathin zeolite film and the in situ electrolytic process for the formation of highly dispersed silver nanoparticles. At a relatively low reaction temperature (ca. 320 °C), the SZF catalyst with highly dispersed in situ electrolytic silver nanoparticles exhibited much higher activity for the oxidation of mono-alcohols and higher selectivity for ketonic aldehyde in the oxidation of di-alcohols than the conventional bulk electrolytic silver catalyst. On the basis of the combination of diffuse reflectance ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermoanalysis, the remarkably high activity and selectivity of the SZF catalyst was attributed to the highly dispersed silver nanoparticles, which were stabilized by the zeolite film against sintering, and, accordingly, a large amount of Ag+ ions and clusters existed in the silver nanoparticles. The improvements of the catalytic performance of the SZF catalyst in a wide application extension will bring new concerns in both theoretical and applied fields.
Journal of Catalysis 01/2006; · 6.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lotus-leaf-like silica flakes with a three-dimensionally (3D) connected nanoporous structure and controllable thickness have been facilely synthesized; the flakes produced exhibited superior performance in adsorbing enzymes to their microspheric analogues.
Chemical Communications 05/2005; · 6.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The micrometer-scale self-assembly behavior of MCM-41-type mesostructured silica is shown by Tang and co-workers on p. 578 through study of a family of vesicular mesostructured silica with topology genera from 1 to 0. The inside cover shows a series of typical vesicular structures with different topologies on the micrometer scale. A better understanding of the micrometer-scale self-assembly behavior provides a guide for the rational design of new hierarchical organic–inorganic composite materials, and may also shed new light on the natural biosilicification process.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel catalyst of silver nanoparticles over a zeolite film-coated copper grid (SZFC) has been fabricated via an in situ electrolytic method; it exhibited high catalytic activity and selectivity at a relatively low temperature for the partial oxidation of 1,2-propylene glycol to methyl glyoxal.
Chemical Communications 01/2005; · 6.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metal-ion-immobilized zeolite nanoparticles have been applied for the first time to isolate phosphopeptides from tryptic beta-casein digest; the phosphopeptides enriched on the modified zeolite nanoparticles could be effectively identified by MALDI-TOF-MS/MS.
Chemical Communications 01/2005; · 6.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thin zeolite films with thicknesses from several hundred nanometers to a few micrometers have been fabricated through electrophoretic deposition (EPD) in acetylacetone (Acac) and/or isopropyl alcohol (IPA). Various types of nanosized zeolites with different Si/Al ratios ranging from 1.6 (zeolite LTA) to nearly infinity (silicalite-1) were applied to prepare the EPD suspensions and showed different behaviors in EPD. The EPD rate of zeolite particles in non-aqueous medium was much higher than that in aqueous system mainly due to the high voltage applied, and consequently the whole process was usually completed in a few seconds. It was found that the Al/(Si + Al) ratios of zeolites and the chemical/physical properties of the EPD medium were two crucial factors which affected the thickness and density of the zeolite films prepared by EPD. The zeolite films fabricated through EPD could be effectively densified by secondary growth to prepare compact zeolite membranes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ultrathin nanozeolite films were prepared on the surface of Pt and glass carbon electrodes using nanoscale zeolite particles as building block via a layer-by-layer (LbL) technique or by a secondary growth method. Compared to conventional zeolite-modified electrodes, the nanozeolite film modified ones (nanoZMEs) prepared by these methods exhibit good membrane morphologies with controllable thickness in nanometer scale and large zeolite/electrode contact areas due to the nanoscale zeolite film attached directly to the electrode. Ag(+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) were selected as examples to evaluate the electrochemical performance of nanoZMEs with designed thickness. With the same thickness of zeolite layer, nanoZMEs prepared by the LbL technique possess short preconcentration and response time, while nanoZMEs fabricated through the secondary growth method exhibit high accumulation ability and ion exchange selectivity. It is found that besides the inherent ion exchange selectivity of the zeolite layer, the transport rate of ions in the zeolite layer toward the electrode surface is an important factor that affected the electrochemical selectivity of the ZMEs. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 11/2003; 65(2-3):277-285. · 3.21 Impact Factor