Insong Koh

Hanyang University Medical Center, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (28)64.53 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a congenital and heterogeneous disorder which is caused by no neuronal ganglion cells in part or all of distal gastrointestinal tract. Recently, our genome-wide association study has identified solute carrier family 6, proline IMINO transporter, member 20 (SLC6A20) as one of potential risk factors for HSCR development. This study performed a replication study for the association of SLC6A20 polymorphisms with HSCR and an extended analysis to investigate further associations for sub-groups and haplotypes. For replication study, a total of 40 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of SLC6A20 were genotyped in 187 HSCR subjects composed of 121 short-segment HSCR (S-HSCR), 45 long-segment HSCR (L-HSCR), and 21 total colonic aganglionosis (TCA), as well as 283 unaffected controls. Imputation was performed using genotype data from our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) and this replication study. Imputed meta-analysis revealed that 13 SLC6A20 SNPs (minimum P = 0.0002 at rs6770261) were significantly associated with HSCR even after correction for multiple comparisons using false discovery rate (FDR) (minimum PFDR = 0.005). In further sub-group analysis, SLC6A20 polymorphisms appeared to have increased associations with L-HSCR. Moreover, haplotype analysis also showed significant associations between two haplotypes (BL3_ht2 and BL4_ht2) and HSCR susceptibility (PFDR < 0.05). Although further replications and functional evaluations are required, our results suggest that SLC6A20 may have roles in HSCR development and in the extent of aganglionic segment during enteric nervous system development.
    Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 06/2015; DOI:10.1097/MPG.0000000000000880 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by mycobacterium, which most commonly affects the lungs. The adaptive immune response in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is predominantly mediated by the interferon‑γ (IFN‑γ) signaling pathway, which is regulated by IFN‑γ receptors (IFNGR). IFN‑γ activates the transcription of a number of genes that are important in immune responses, thus the appropriate function of IFNGR appears to be important in host defense against mycobacteria. In the present study, 22 genetic variants in IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 were genotyped in 673 patients and 592 normal controls to investigate the association between IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 polymorphisms and the risk of TB. Statistical analyses revealed that four genetic variants in IFNGR1, rs9376269, rs9376268, rs9376267 and rs56251346 were marginally associated with the risk of TB (P=0.02‑0.04), while other single nucleotide polymorphisms in IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 did not exhibit any associations. However, the significance of the four genetic variants rs9376269, rs9376268, rs9376267 and rs56251346 was eliminated following a multiple testing correction of the data (P>0.05). The present results revealed that certain genetic variants in IFNGR genes may be associated with TB development, which may be useful preliminary data for future investigation.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 03/2015; DOI:10.3892/mmr.2015.3544 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has recently been observed to activate NF-kappaB and induce inflammatory responses such as asthma. Activating transcription factor 6β (ATF6B) is known to regulate ATFα-mediated ER stress response. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations of ATF6B genetic variants with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) and its major phenotype, % decline of FEV1 by aspirin provocation. Four common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ATF6B were genotyped and statistically analyzed in 93 AERD patients and 96 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) as controls. Logistic analysis revealed that 2 SNPs (rs2228628 and rs8111, P=0.008; corrected P=0.03) and 1 haplotype (ATF6B-ht4, P=0.005; corrected P=0.02) were significantly associated with % decline of FEV1 by aspirin provocation, whereas ATF6B polymorphisms and haplotypes were not associated with the risk of AERD. Although further functional and replication studies are needed, our preliminary findings suggest that ATF6B may be related to obstructive phenotypes in response to aspirin exposure in adult asthmatics.
    Allergy, asthma & immunology research 03/2014; 6(2):142-8. DOI:10.4168/aair.2014.6.2.142 · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify polymorphisms and gene-gene interactions that are significantly associated with age at menarche and age at menopause in a Korean population. A total of 3,452 and 1,827 women participated in studies of age at menarche and age at natural menopause, respectively. Linear regression analyses adjusted for residence area were used to perform genome-wide association studies (GWAS), candidate gene association studies, and interactions between the candidate genes for age at menarche and age at natural menopause. In GWAS, four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs7528241, rs1324329, rs11597068, and rs6495785) were strongly associated with age at natural menopause (lowest P = 9.66 × 10). However, GWAS of age at menarche did not reveal any strong associations. In candidate gene association studies, SNPs with P < 0.01 were selected to test their synergistic interactions. For age at natural menopause, there was a significant interaction between intronic SNPs on ADAM metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type I motif 9 (ADAMTS9) and SMAD family member 3 (SMAD3) genes (P = 9.52 × 10). For age at menarche, there were three significant interactions between three intronic SNPs on follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) gene and one SNP located at the 3' flanking region of insulin-like growth factor 2 receptor (IGF2R) gene (lowest P = 1.95 × 10). Novel SNPs and synergistic interactions between candidate genes are significantly associated with age at menarche and age at natural menopause in a Korean population.
    Menopause (New York, N.Y.) 09/2013; DOI:10.1097/GME.0b013e3182a433f7 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background It was previously reported that an association analysis based on haplotype clusters increased power over single-locus tests, and that another association test based on diplotype trend regression analysis outperformed other, more common association approaches. We suggest a novel algorithm to combine haplotype cluster- and diplotype-based analyses. Methods Diplotyper combines a novel algorithm designed to cluster haplotypes of interest from a given set of haplotypes with two existing tools: Haploview, for analyses of linkage disequilibrium blocks and haplotypes, and PLINK, to generate all possible diplotypes from given genotypes of samples and calculate linear or logistic regression. In addition, procedures for generating all possible diplotypes from the haplotype clusters and transforming these diplotypes into PLINK formats were implemented. Results Diplotyper is a fully automated tool for performing association analysis based on diplotypes in a population. Diplotyper was tested through association analysis of hepatic lipase (LIPC) gene polymorphisms or diplotypes and levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Conclusions Diplotyper is useful for identifying more precise and distinct signals over single-locus tests.
    BMC Medical Genomics 05/2013; 6(2). DOI:10.1186/1755-8794-6-S2-S5 · 3.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) plays an essential role in the regulation of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) and triglyceride levels, which have been closely associated with cardiovascular diseases. Genetic studies in European have shown that LPL single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are strongly associated with lipid levels. However, studies about the influence of interactions between LPL SNPs and lifestyle factors have not been sufficiently performed. Here, we examine if LPL polymorphisms, as well as their interaction with lifestyle factors, influence lipid concentrations in a Korean population. A two-stage association study was performed using genotype data for SNPs on the LPL gene, including the 3' flanking region from 7,536 (stage 1) and 3,703 (stage 2) individuals. The association study showed that 15 SNPs and 4 haplotypes were strongly associated with HDLC (lowest p = 2.86 × 10(-22)) and triglyceride levels (lowest p = 3.0 × 10(-15)). Interactions between LPL polymorphisms and lifestyle factors (lowest p = 9.6 × 10(-4)) were also observed on lipid concentrations. These findings suggest that there are interaction effects of LPL polymorphisms with lifestyle variables, including energy intake, fat intake, smoking, and alcohol consumption, as well as effects of LPL polymorphisms themselves, on lipid concentrations in a Korean population.
    06/2012; 10(2):88-98. DOI:10.5808/GI.2012.10.2.88
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    ABSTRACT: Docetaxel is one of the most commonly used chemotherapeutic agents in breast cancer. To avert from significant toxicities with no clinical benefit, identification of predictive markers for response is one of the most important unsolved clinical needs. Therefore, the potential associations of RASSF1A hypermethylation and response to docetaxel-based chemotherapy were evaluated, and the underlying mechanism was studied. The expression of RASSF1A in breast cancer cell lines and tissues of normal breast, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and breast cancer (n=45) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression of RASSF1A was frequently lost in primary breast cancers and human breast cancer cell lines, while normal breast tissues or DCIS displayed moderate to strong expression. Furthermore, quantitative methylation analysis of the RASSF1A promoter region in 45 primary breast cancers revealed that RASSF1A was frequently methylated in primary breast cancers (≥20% methylation in 53% of the patients), and prospective analysis in patients with locally advanced or recurrent breast cancer showed that the mean level of methylation of RASSF1A was significantly higher in patients who did not respond to docetaxel-based chemotherapy (30.6±8.5%) than patients with partial or complete response (20.1±11.2%, p=0.042). Finally, in vitro studies showed that RASSF1A had cooperative activity in suppression of cancer cell growth and proliferation by enhancing docetaxel-induced cell cycle arrest. Our results suggest that hypermethylated RASSF1A is an important modulating factor for the efficacy of docetaxel-based chemotherapy in breast cancer.
    International Journal of Oncology 05/2012; 41(2):611-20. DOI:10.3892/ijo.2012.1470 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (ALOX5AP) plays a role in the 5-lipoxygenase (LO) pathway, which includes the LTC(4), LTD(4), LTE(4) and LTB(4). These leukotrienes are known causative factors of asthma, allergy, atopy and cardiovascular diseases. ALOX5AP lacks enzyme activity and acts by helping 5-LO function. In this study, healthy and general subjects who live in rural and urban areas of Korea were tested for the association of ALOX5AP polymorphisms with lung function. Lung function was also estimated by calculating the predicted values for forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1) _%PRED) and the proportion of the forced vital capacity exhaled in the first second (FEV(1) /FVC_PRED). The linear regression was adjusted for residence area, gender, age, height and smoking status. The analysis revealed associations between FEV(1) and the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs9506352 and the haplotype TCAC (permuted P-value < 0.05). The linkage disequilibrium block that included the significant SNPs overlapped with SNPs that were revealed previously to associate with myocardial infarction and asthma and to affect lung function. This study is the first to demonstrate the association between lung function and ALOX5AP polymorphisms in a healthy and general population.
    Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 04/2012; 76(2):151-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3083.2012.02712.x · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Precise topographic localization, predominance in males mostly of Asian origin, and existence of some familial cases suggest a genetic background for monomelic amyotrophy. To identify susceptibility genes for monomelic amyotrophy, we performed whole-exome sequencing of four unrelated patients with monomelic amyotrophy and detected a total of 45 novel nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms as unique variants to monomelic amyotrophy compared to control exomes. Genetic association analysis showed significant association with monomelic amyotrophy in the Gly668Ser variant of the KIAA1377 gene (odds ratio=4.62, P-value=0.0040) and the Pro1794Leu variant of the C5orf42 gene (odds ratio=4.63, P-value=0.0040). Moreover, the combination of two variants increased the risk of monomelic amyotrophy (P=1.4×10(-5), OR=61.69, 95% confidence interval=9.62-394.94, in case of combination of two heterozygotes). These data suggest that KIAA1377 and C5orf42 synergistically play a role as susceptibility genes for monomelic amyotrophy.
    Neuromuscular Disorders 01/2012; 22(5):394-400. DOI:10.1016/j.nmd.2011.11.006 · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Airway remodeling and exacerbated airway narrowing in asthma have been attributed to the regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) by sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of the airway smooth muscle cells. The protein encoded by obscurin, cytoskeletal calmodulin and titin-interacting RhoGEF (OBSCN) is a crucial factor in determining the SR architecture in Obscn(-/-) mice. This study genotyped a total of 55 common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 592 Korean asthmatics including 163 aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) cases and 429 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) controls. Eight SNPs, including two nonsynonymous polymorphisms rs1188722C>T (Leu2116Phe) and rs1188729G>C (Cys4642Ser), and one haplotype BL2_ht1 showed statistically significant associations with AERD development (p=0.003-0.03). Two variants, rs1188722C>T (Leu2116Phe) and rs369252C>A, also revealed nominal association with FEV1 decline by aspirin provocation in asthmatics (p=0.03-0.04). Intriguingly, rs1188722C>T (Leu2116Phe) is a highly conserved amino acid residue among species, suggesting its functional relevance to AERD. In addition, the A allele of rs369252C>A, which was more prevalent in AERD than in ATA, was predicted as a potential branch point (BP) site for alternative splicing (BP score=4.29). Although further functional evaluation is required, our findings suggest that OBSCN polymorphisms, in particular, highly conserved nonsynonymous Leu2116Phe variant, might contribute to aspirin hypersensitivity in asthmatics.
    DNA and cell biology 01/2012; 31(6):1001-9. DOI:10.1089/dna.2011.1436 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is a serious and disabling mental disorder with a high heritability rate. The human neuregulin 1 (NRG1) on 8p12 has been implicated as a candidate gene for schizophrenia. However, controversial results of the associations of NRG1 polymorphisms with schizophrenia and related phenotypes have been reported. In this study, four NRG1 single nucleotide polymorphisms, three in the promoter region, and one nonsynonymous in coding region, were genotyped in a total of 825 subject including 435 schizophrenia cases and 390 normal controls of Korean ethnicity. Although logistic association analysis of NRG1 polymorphisms and haplotypes with schizophrenia showed a nominal association in rs4623364G > C (P = 0.04), the significance disappeared after corrections for multiple testing (corrected P > 0.05). Additional case/control and multiple regression analyses in schizophrenia patients using a method that measures the smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) function globally based on natural logarithmic values of the signal/noise ratio also showed no association between NRG1 variants and SPEM abnormality among patients with schizophrenia (P > 0.05). Despite the need for further replications in other cohorts, our findings provide additional supporting information that four variants in NRG1 investigated in this study may not be associated with schizophrenia and its related SPEM function in a Korean population.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 11/2011; 46(3):688. DOI:10.1007/s12031-011-9667-3 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The RecA homolog, E. coli (S. cerevisiae) (RAD51) may modulate hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection by maintaining genome integrity and mediating homologous DNA repairs. In this study, 16 sequence variations were detected by resequencing all exons, the exon-intron boundary, and promoter regions of the human RAD51 gene in DNA samples of 24 unrelated individuals. To investigate the association of common variations in the RAD51 locus with HBV infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence, six common polymorphisms were genotyped in a total of 1,103 Korean HBV cohort, composed of 433 spontaneously recovered patients as controls and 670 chronic carriers of HBV, who were stratified further into 327 cirrhosis/chronic hepatitis patients and 343 patients with HCC infected with HBV. Logistic analyses revealed no significant association of RAD51 polymorphisms and haplotypes with HBV clearance and HCC occurrence (P > 0.05). Furthermore, with age of infection as an important factor in disease progression to HCC, results from the Cox proportional hazards analysis showed no significant associations between any of the tested RAD51 variants and the age of onset of HCC (P > 0.05), suggesting that genetic polymorphisms of RAD51 may not play an important role in clearance of HBV and disease progression to HCC. Although studies in other populations are needed to confirm these findings, this preliminary data may contribute to the current knowledge on the pathogenesis of hepatitis.
    Journal of Medical Virology 11/2011; 83(11):1892-9. DOI:10.1002/jmv.22122 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Height is a highly heritable trait that involves multiple genetic loci. To identify causal variants that influence stature, we sequenced whole exomes of four children with idiopathic short stature. Ninety-five nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) were selected as potential candidate variants. We performed association analysis in 740 cohort individuals and identified 11 nsSNPs in 10 loci (DIS3L2, ZBTB38, FAM154A, PTCH1, TSSC4, KIF18A, GPR133, ACAN, FAM59A, and NINL) associated with adult height (P < 0.05), including five novel loci. Of these, two nsSNPs (TSSC4 and KIF18A loci) were significant at P < 0.05 in the replication study (n = 1,000) and five (ZBTB38, FAM154A, TSSC4, KIF18A, and FAM59A loci) were significant at P < 0.01 in the combined analysis (n = 1,740). Together, the five nsSNPs accounted for approximately 2.5% of the height variation. This study demonstrated the utility of next-generation sequencing in identifying genetic variants and loci associated with complex traits.
    Human Genetics 09/2011; 131(3):471-8. DOI:10.1007/s00439-011-1096-4 · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is a serious and disabling mental disorder with a high heritability rate. The human neuregulin 1 (NRG1) on 8p12 has been implicated as a candidate gene for schizophrenia. However, controversial results of the associations of NRG1 polymorphisms with schizophrenia and related phenotypes have been reported. In this study, four NRG1 single nucleotide polymorphisms, three in the promoter region, and one nonsynonymous in coding region, were genotyped in a total of 825 subject including 435 schizophrenia cases and 390 normal controls of Korean ethnicity. Although logistic association analysis of NRG1 polymorphisms and haplotypes with schizophrenia showed a nominal association in rs4623364G > C (P = 0.04), the significance disappeared after corrections for multiple testing (corrected P > 0.05). Additional case/control and multiple regression analyses in schizophrenia patients using a method that measures the smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) function globally based on natural logarithmic values of the signal/noise ratio also showed no association between NRG1 variants and SPEM abnormality among patients with schizophrenia (P > 0.05). Despite the need for further replications in other cohorts, our findings provide additional supporting information that four variants in NRG1 investigated in this study may not be associated with schizophrenia and its related SPEM function in a Korean population.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 08/2011; 46(3):476-82. DOI:10.1007/s12031-011-9619-y · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Unlike Caucasian populations, genetic factors contributing to the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are not well studied in Asian populations. In light of this, and the fact that copy number variation (CNV) is emerging as a new way to understand human genomic variation, the objective of this study was to identify type 2 diabetes-associated CNV in a Korean cohort. Using the Illumina HumanHap300 BeadChip (317,503 markers), genome-wide genotyping was performed to obtain signal and allelic intensities from 275 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 496 nondiabetic subjects (Total n = 771). To increase the sensitivity of CNV identification, we incorporated multiple factors using PennCNV, a program that is based on the hidden Markov model (HMM). To assess the genetic effect of CNV on T2DM, a multivariate logistic regression model controlling for age and gender was used. We identified a total of 7,478 CNVs (average of 9.7 CNVs per individual) and 2,554 CNV regions (CNVRs; 164 common CNVRs for frequency>1%) in this study. Although we failed to demonstrate robust associations between CNVs and the risk of T2DM, our results revealed a putative association between several CNVRs including chr15:45994758-45999227 (P = 8.6E-04, P(corr) = 0.01) and the risk of T2DM. The identified CNVs in this study were validated using overlapping analysis with the Database of Genomic Variants (DGV; 71.7% overlap), and quantitative PCR (qPCR). The identified variations, which encompassed functional genes, were significantly enriched in the cellular part, in the membrane-bound organelle, in the development process, in cell communication, in signal transduction, and in biological regulation. We expect that the methods and findings in this study will contribute in particular to genome studies of Asian populations.
    PLoS ONE 04/2011; 6(4):e19091. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0019091 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim:  The human adenosine diphosphate ribosyl transferase (ADPRT) gene might significantly affect cancer by encoding poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 enzyme (PARP-1) and promoting an important role in cellular responses to DNA damage, genomic stabilization and regulation of tumor suppressor genes. We explored whether polymorphisms of ADPRT affect clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence in a Korean HBV cohort.Methods:  Genotyping was performed in a total of 1066 subjects composed of 434 spontaneously recovered (SR) subjects as normal controls and 632 chronic carriers (CC) of HBV who were further classified into 325 patients with liver cirrhosis (LC)/chronic hepatitis (CH) and 307 patients with HCC.Results:  Logistic analyses of six common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and their haplotypes revealed that none of the polymorphisms were significantly associated with clearance of HBV infection and HCC occurrence, except for nominal evidence of association between haplotype 2 (ht2) with HBV clearance (P = 0.05). In the analysis of age of HCC occurrence which is an important factor in disease progression to HCC, results from Cox proportional hazards showed that none of the variants were significantly associated with onset age of HCC occurrence, although a nominal signal in ht4 (P = 0.03, but Pcorr > 0.05) was initially detected.Conclusion:  Although ADPRT is an important gene for cellular responses and tumor regulations, our study provides evidence that ADPRT variations do not affect HBV clearance and HCC occurrence.
    Hepatology Research 01/2011; 41(3):250 - 257. DOI:10.1111/j.1872-034X.2010.00772.x · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is a multifactorial disorder and smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) disturbance is proposed as one of the most consistent neurophysiological endophenotype in schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to examine the genetic association of RANBP1 polymorphisms with the risk of schizophrenia and with the risk of SPEM abnormality in schizophrenia patients in a Korean population. Two SNPs of RANBP1 were genotyped by TaqMan assay. Their genetic effect of single/haplotype polymorphisms on the risk of schizophrenia and SPEM abnormality from 354 patients and 396 controls were performed using χ² and multiple regression analyses. Although no RANBP1 polymorphisms were associated with the risk of schizophrenia, a common haplotype, RANBP1-ht2 (rs2238798G-rs175162T), showed significant association with the risk of SPEM abnormality among schizophrenia patients after multiple correction (P(corr)  = 0.002-0.0003). The results of present study provide the evidence that RANBP1 on 22q11.21 locus might be causally related to the SPEM abnormality rather than the development of schizophrenia.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B Neuropsychiatric Genetics 01/2011; 156B(1):67-71. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.b.31139 · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we propose new missing imputation methods for the missing genotype data of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). The common objective of imputation methods is to minimize the loss of information caused by experimental missing elements. In general, imputation of missing genotype data has used a major allele method, but this approach is not far from the objective of the imputation – minimizing the loss of information. This method generally produces high error rates of missing value estimation, since the characteristics of the genotype data are not considered over the structure of given genotype data. In our methods, we use the linkage disequilibrium and haplotype information for the missing SNP genotype. As a result, we provide the results of the comparative evaluation of our methods and major allele imputation method according to the various randomized missing rates.
    Information Sciences 02/2007; 177(3):804-814. DOI:10.1016/j.ins.2006.07.017 · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growing evidence supports the hypothesis that chronic low-grade inflammation related to innate immunity may play an important role in the pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The monocyte differentiation antigen CD14 gene (CD14) acts as the receptor for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and augments monocyte/macrophage inflammatory responses. We have sequenced the gene, including all exons, exon/intron boundaries, and the -1.5 kb of the 5' flanking region. Two common loci (minor allele frequency > 0.05) were genotyped in 775 T2DM patients and 316 control subjects recruited in the Korean T2DM Study. Eight polymorphisms, including four non-synonymous forms, were identified in CD14. No polymorphisms were found in association with T2DM. However, one common promoter SNP (-260T>C) was significantly associated with both the serum triglyceride level (TG) and body mass index (BMI) in non-diabetic control subjects. Individuals who carried the minor allele (C) had higher TG levels (1.65 +/- 0.81 vs. 1.46 +/- 0.80 mmol/l; P = 0.0007) and BMI (23.96 +/- 3.00 vs. 23.28 +/- 3.22 kg/m(2); P = 0.04) as compared with subjects carrying T/T genotypes. Our data suggest that lipid metabolism and obesity, important pathophysiological elements of T2DM and the metabolic syndrome, are regulated by complex mechanisms that include the CD14 gene polymorphism-mediated genetic propensity to non-specific inflammatory responses.
    Diabetic Medicine 02/2006; 23(1):72-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01732.x · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Numerous genetic studies have mapped asthma susceptibility genes to a region on chromosome 5q31-33 in several populations. This region contains a cluster of cytokines and other immune-related genes important in immune response. In the present study, to determine the genetic variations and patterns of linkage disequilibrium (LD), we resequenced all the exons and promoter regions of the 29 asthma candidate genes in the chromosome 5q31-33 region. We identified a total of 314 genetic variants, including 289 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 22 insertion/deletion polymorphisms and 3 microsatellites. Standardized variance data for allele frequency revealed substantial differences in SNP allele frequencies among different ethnic groups. Interestingly, significant ethnic differences were observed mainly in intron SNPs. LD block analysis using 174 common SNPs with a frequency of >10% disclosed strong LD within most candidate genes. No significant LD was observed across genes, except for one LD block (CD14-IK block). Gene-based haplotype analyses showed that 1-5 haplotype-tagging SNPs may be used to define the six or fewer common haplotypes with a frequency of >5%, regardless of the number of SNPs. Overall, our results provide useful information for the identification of immune-mediated disease genes in the chromosome 5q31-33 region, as well as valuable evidence for gene-based haplotype analysis in disease association studies.
    International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 01/2006; 139(3):209-16. DOI:10.1159/000091166 · 2.43 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

274 Citations
64.53 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2015
    • Hanyang University Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Sogang University
      • Department of Life Science
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011–2013
    • Hanyang University
      • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • National Human Genome Research Institute
      Maryland, United States
  • 2004
    • Samsung Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2001–2004
    • National Institute of Health, Korea
      Seishō-gun, North Gyeongsang, South Korea