Elsa Lanke

Malmö University, Malmö, Skåne, Sweden

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Publications (6)29.4 Total impact

  • Thrombosis and Haemostasis 01/2011; 105(4):733-4. · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a common inheritable bleeding disorder caused by deficiency of von Willebrand Factor (VWF), which is involved in platelet adhesion and aggregation. We report a family consisting of three patients with VWD characterized by an apparently normal multimeric pattern, moderately decreased plasma factor VIII (FVIII) and VWF levels, and disproportionately low-plasma VWF:RCo levels. The patients were found to be heterozygous for the novel N1421K mutation, caused by a 4263C > G transversion in exon 28 of the VWF gene coding for the A1 domain. Botrocetin- and ristocetin-mediated binding of plasma VWF to GPIb were reduced in the patients. In vitro mutagenesis and expression in COS-7 cells confirmed the impairment of the mutant in botrocetin- and ristocetin-mediated VWF binding to GPIb. VWF collagen binding capacity was unaffected in plasma from the heterozygous individuals as well as in medium from transfected COS-7 cells. Our findings indicate that the N1421K substitution in the VWF affects the GPIb binding site or a recognition element by a conformational change of the A1 domain.
    European Journal Of Haematology 11/2008; 81(5):384-90. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a plasma protein that consists of a series of multimers of which the high-molecular-weight VWF multimers are the most potent in platelet adhesion and aggregation. The propeptide of the VWF (VWFpp) is known to be essential in the process of multimer assembly. Genetic studies were performed in a patient with a phenotype of von Willebrand disease (VWD) characterized by very low plasma factor VIII and VWF levels and a VWF consisting of only a dimeric band and total absence of all multimers in plasma. The patient was found to be homozygous for the novel C570S mutation, caused by a 1709G>C transition in exon 14 of the VWF gene coding for the propeptide. Three asymptomatic relatives were found to be heterozygous. In-vitro mutagenesis and expression in COS-7 cells confirmed the detrimental effect of the mutation on VWF multimerization. Our findings show that the C570S mutation in the VWFpp abolishes multimerization of VWF. The mutation probably disrupts the normal configuration of the VWFpp, which is essential for correct orientation of the protomers and ultimately multimerization. The mutant amino acid is located in a region that is highly conserved across several species which underlines its critical role. This variant constitutes a distinct subtype of recessive 2A VWD with the exclusive presence of the dimeric form of VWF in plasma.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 08/2008; 100(2):211-6. · 5.76 Impact Factor
  • E Lanke, J Lanke, S Lethagen
    Haemophilia 07/2008; 14(5):1127-30. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The most common type of von Willebrand disease (VWD), type 1, has in only a few cases been explained by an identified causative mutation in the von Willebrand factor (VWF) gene. The ABO blood group and other modifier loci outside the VWF gene may contribute to the development of type 1 VWD. Our aim was to determine whether there was genetic linkage to the VWF gene in 31 Swedish type 1 VWD families. Stringent diagnostic criteria in accordance with ISTH guidelines were used. Genetic linkage was investigated by using two highly informative dinucleotide microsatellite markers, which we have recently identified, located in introns six and 15 of the VWF gene. We also investigated the existence of common disease haplotypes and the relation between type 1 VWD and ABO blood group. We found genetic linkage to the VWF gene in 27 (87%) of the families. However, in four (13%) of the families, there was clearly no genetic linkage. We found the 4751A>G (Tyr1584Cys) sequence variation in exon 28, which is a common mutation in the Canadian VWD population (14.3%), in only one of the 31 families (3.2%). A possible common mutation was identified in six of the 27 (22%) families with genetic linkage. Blood group O was over-represented among type 1 VWD patients. We conclude that there is linkage between the VWF gene and hereditary type 1 VWD in a majority of families.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 01/2006; 3(12):2656-63. · 6.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inherited deficiency of protein S constitutes an important risk factor of venous thrombosis. Many reports have demonstrated that causative mutations in the protein S gene are found only in approximately 50% of the cases with protein S deficiency. It is uncertain whether the protein S gene is causative in all cases of protein S deficiency or if other genes are involved in cases where no mutation is identified. The aim of the current study was to determine whether haplotypes of the protein S gene cosegregate with the disease phenotype in cases where no mutations have been found. Eight protein S-deficient families comprising 115 individuals where previous DNA sequencing had failed to detect any causative mutations were analyzed using four microsatellite markers in the protein S gene region. Co-segregation between microsatellite haplotypes and protein S deficiency was found in seven of the investigated families, one family being uninformative. This suggests that the causative genetic defects are located in or close to the protein S gene in a majority of such cases where no mutations have been found.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 12/2004; 2(11):1918-23. · 6.08 Impact Factor