[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Narrow band imaging (NBI) is a new image enhancement system employing optic digital methods to enhance images of blood vessels on mucosal surfaces, allowing improved visualization of mucosal surface structures. Studies have progressed over the last several years, and the clinical usefulness has been demonstrated. NBI has become frequently applied for preoperative diagnosis before endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of digestive tract cancers, as well as for assessment of the range of ESD for en-bloc resection of large lesions. Consensus has been reached with regard to the usefulness of NBI for detecting micro-lesions of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma indicated for ESD, for the diagnosis of the range and depth. NBI has also been attracting attention for diagnosing gastric cancer based on the observation of micro blood vessels on the mucosal surface and mucosal surface microstructures. The usefulness of NBI has been reported in relation to various aspects of colon cancer, including diagnoses of the presence, quality, range, and depth of lesions. However, as NBI has not surpassed diagnostic methods based on magnifying observation combined with the established and widely employed dye method, its role in ESD is limited at present. Although NBI is very useful for the diagnosis of digestive tract cancers, comprehensive endoscopic diagnosis employing the combination of conventional endoscopy including dye spraying, EUS, and NBI may be important and essential for ESD.
World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 09/2012; 4(9):387-97.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate whether magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (ME-NBI) is useful for evaluating the area of superficial, depressed- or flat-type differentiated adenocarcinoma of the stomach.
This procedure was performed in Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Japanese Red Cross Kumamoto Hospital and Kitakyushu Municipal Medical Center. The subjects were 31 patients in whom biopsy findings, from superficial, depressed- or flat-type gastric lesion, suggested differentiated adenocarcinoma in the above 3 hospitals between January and December 2009. Biopsy was performed on the lesion and non-lesion sides of a boundary (imaginary boundary) visualized on ME-NBI. The results were pathologically investigated. We evaluated the accuracy of estimating a demarcation line (DL) on ME-NBI in comparison with biopsy findings as a gold standard.
The DL that could be recognized at 2 points on the orifice and anal sides of each lesion during ME-NBI was consistent with the pathological findings in 22 patients with 0-IIc lesions, 7 with 0-IIb lesions, and 2 with 0-IIb + IIc lesions, showing an accuracy of 100%.
The results suggest the usefulness of ME-NBI for evaluating the area of superficial, depressed- and flat-type differentiated adenocarcinoma of the stomach.
World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 08/2012; 4(8):362-7.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Since endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) was developed in the 1990s, EUS has become widely accepted as an imaging tool. EUS is categorized into radial and linear in design. Radial endoscopes provide cross-sectional imaging of the mediastinum, gastrointestinal tract, liver, spleen, kidney, adrenal gland, and pancreas, which has highly accuracy in the T and N staging of esophageal, lung, gastric, rectal, and pancreatic cancer. Tumor staging is common indication of radial-EUS, and EUS-staging is predictive of surgical resectability. In contrast, linear array endoscope uses a side-viewing probe and has advantages in the ability to perform EUS-guides fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), which has been established for cytologic diagnosis. For example, EUS-FNA arrows accurate nodal staging of esophageal cancer before surgery, which provides more accurate assessment of nodes than radial-EUS imaging alone. EUS-FNA has been also commonly used for diagnose of pancreatic diseases because of the highly accuracy than US or computed tomography. EUS and EUS-FNA has been used not only for TNM staging and cytologic diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, but also for evaluation of chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic cystic lesions, and other pancreatic masses. More recently, EUS-FNA has developed into EUS-guided fine needle injection including EUS-guided celiac plexus neurolysis, celiac plexus block, and other "interventional EUS" procedures. In this review, we have summarized the new possibilities offered by "interventional EUS".
World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 07/2012; 4(7):301-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, we reported a case of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma presenting with unique vascular features. In the report, we defined the tree-like appearance (TLA) on the images of abnormal blood vessels which resembled branches from the trunk of a tree in the shiny mucosa, in which the glandular structure was lost. The 67-year-old female was diagnosed with gastric MALT lymphoma. The patient received eradication therapy for H. pylori. Conventional endoscopy revealed multiple ill-delineated brownish depressions in the stomach and cobblestone-like mucosa was observed at the greater curvature to the posterior wall of the upper gastric body 7 mo after successful eradication. Unsuccessful treatment of gastric MALT lymphoma was suspected on conventional endoscopy. Conventional endoscopic observations found focal depressions and cobblestone-like appearance, and these lesions were subsequently observed using magnified endoscopy combined with narrow band imaging to identify abnormal vessels presenting with a TLA within the lesions. Ten biopsies were taken from the area where abnormal vessels were present within these lesions. Ten biopsies were also taken from the lesions without abnormal vessels as a control. A total of 20 biopsy samples were evaluated to determine whether the diagnosis of MALT lymphoma could be obtained histologically from each sample. A positive diagnosis was obtained in 8/10 TLA (+) sites and in 2/10 TLA(-) sites. Target biopsies of the site with abnormal blood vessels can potentially improve diagnostic accuracy of gastric MALT lymphoma.
World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 04/2012; 4(4):151-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Presently, the differential diagnosis of gastric adenoma and well-differentiated adenocarcinoma by endoscopy is very difficult. We carried out magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) in lesions that required discrimination between gastric adenoma and well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, and prospectively evaluated whether the tumor typing that we propose is useful for their differential diagnosis.
The materials were 93 lesions that required differential diagnosis between gastric adenoma and well-differentiated adenocarcinoma among the gastric epithelial tumors for which endoscopic treatment was planned at three facilities during the 14 months between November 2008 and December 2009. According to the typing method proposed by our facility based on images of the mucosal ultrastructure and microvessels obtained by magnified endoscopy combined with NBI, type I-II and type III-V lesions were diagnosed as gastric adenoma and well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, respectively, before endoscopic treatment, and the accuracy of the diagnoses were prospectively examined by comparing them with the postoperative pathological findings.
Of the 93 lesions, 87 could be typed into the five types of our typing method, but six lesions could not be classified. The 87 lesions consisted of 16 type I, 12 type II, 29 type III, 27 type IV, and three type V lesions. The percentages of accurate preoperative diagnoses of types I-II as adenoma and types III-V as well-differentiated adenocarcinoma were 79% and 93%, respectively.
The tumor typing based on NBI was useful for the endoscopic differentiation of gastric adenoma and well-differentiated adenocarcinoma.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The inability to pass endoscopes beyond strictures is a considerable problem in patients with a colonic stricture.
In patients with bowel obstruction, we have modified the insertion method for double-balloon endoscopy with a long, transnasal decompression tube.
We have succeeded in reaching the proximal side of the stricture from the oral approach across the entire small bowel in a patient.
This modified double-balloon enteroscopy is useful for patients with bowel obstruction in whom a long decompression tube is already placed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 43-year-old man presented with gastrointestinal bleeding. A tumor with central ulceration was observed in the jejunum, with the use of a new enteroscopy system called "double-balloon enteroscopy". Bleeding after biopsy sampling of the tumor was controlled endoscopically by using electrocoagulation. Histological findings of the biopsy specimens were consistent with gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and this was surgically resected. Double-balloon enteroscopy was useful for the diagnosis as well as the control of bleeding in this patient.
Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2004; 39(10):1001-4. · 3.79 Impact Factor