Young Sil Kim

Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

Are you Young Sil Kim?

Claim your profile

Publications (12)44 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) and its receptor, Met, are known to play important roles in tumor cell migration, invasion, and metastasis. We analyzed the expression of these genes and the mutations in the kinase domain of the Met gene in 43 gastric carcinomas. Of the 43 cases, the Met and HGF/SF protein were expressed in 29 (67%) and 22 (51%), respectively. All of the cases with HGF/SF immunopositivity also expressed Met. Of 22 cases with HGF/SF immunopositivity, 13 (59%) expressed HGF/SF in tumor cells as well as fibroblasts. We detected no aberrant single-strand conformational polymorphism patterns, suggesting that there are no genetic alterations in the kinase domain of the Met gene. These results indicate that HGF/SF-mediated autocrine and/or paracrine stimulation and overexpression rather than structural alteration of its receptor may contribute to the development and progression of gastric carcinoma, and that expression of Met and HGF/SF may confer a growth advantage to neoplastic cells.
    Apmis 06/2008; 108(3):195 - 200. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The structure and function of Bowman-Birk inhibitors (BBIs) from dicotyledonous plants such as soybean have been studied extensively. In contrast, relatively little is known about the BBIs from monocotyledonous plants such as barley, which differ from dicot BBIs in size and tertiary structure. The BBI from barley seeds (BBBI) consists of 125 amino acid residues with two separate inhibitory loops. Previously we determined the high-resolution structure of a 16 kDa BBBI in the free state. The BBBI folds into two compact domains (N and C domain) with tertiary structures that are similar to that of the 8 kDa BBI from dicots. Here we report the structure of a 1:2 complex between BBBI and porcine pancreatic trypsin (PPT) at 2.2 A resolution. This structure confirms that several regions, including the inhibitory loops in the free BBBI structure, show exceptionally low temperature factors and a distorted conformation due to crystalline packing in the lattice. Extensive analysis of the interaction between BBBI and trypsin, and comparison with other known canonical inhibitor-protease complexes, reveals that the mode of interaction between BBBI and PPT is similar to that of known serine protease inhibitors, as expected; however, several unique features are also identified in the primary binding sites near the inhibitory loops as well as in additional binding sites. The carboxy-terminal tail of the inhibitor extends into the interface between the two trypsin molecules and interacts with both of them simultaneously. The longest distance between the two P1 residues (Arg17 and Arg76) in the complex structure is approximately 34 A, which is shorter than in the free inhibitor, but it is still possible for BBBI to bind and inhibit two trypsin molecules simultaneously and independently.
    Journal of Molecular Biology 11/2004; 343(1):173-86. · 3.91 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: K(+) channels have been reported to be involved in the proliferation of many types of cells, including some human carcinoma and tumor cell lines. KCNK9, a TASK channel, is amplified and overexpressed in several types of human cancer. In the present study, we examined the expression and somatic mutations of KCNK9 in 124 colorectal cancers by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarray and PCR-SSCP. Immunopositivity was observed in 57 (46.0%) of 124 colorectal cancers. Clinically, KCNK9 was immunopositive in 4 (30.7%) of 13 cases which were stage A, 26 (55.3%) of 47 which were stage B, 23 (41.1%) of 56 which were stage C, and 4 (50%) of 8 which were stage D. Statistically, KCNK9 protein expression was not related to tumor stage (Bartholomew test, p>0.05) and lymph node metastasis (Chi-Square test, p=0.8338). In the mutation study of the KCNK9 gene, we found only one sequence variation (ACG-->ACC, Thr-->Thr) at codon 170 both in corresponding normal and tumor DNAs. These results indicate that overexpression rather than mutation of the KCNK9 gene may contribute to the development of colorectal cancers and suggest that the development of KCNK9-targeted agents may provide new possibilities in the treatment of colorectal cancer.
    Apmis 09/2004; 112(9):588-94. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Elevated levels of the calcium-binding protein S100A4 cause metastasis of benign rat mammary tumor cells. To investigate whether S100A4 plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancers, we examined the gene mutations in the coding regions and expression patterns of the S100A4 in gastric adenocarcinoma in Korea. Moderate to strong expression of S100A4 was found in 53 (68.8%) of the 77 gastric adenocarcinomas, whilst normal gastric epithelium either failed to stain or showed weak staining. Interestingly, S100A4 expression was more frequently observed in gastric cancer patients with advanced gastric cancer (p=0.039), positive lymph node metastasis (p=0.001), and peritoneal dissemination (p=0.022). No gene mutations were found in the analyzed genomic area in 77 gastric adenocarcinomas and 15 gastric cancer cell lines. We found one single nucleotide polymorphism without an amino acid change, A99G, in two cases. These data suggest that the overexpression of S100A4 may be closely related to the aggressiveness of gastric cancer in Korea.
    Apmis 06/2003; 111(5):539-45. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We analyzed the genetic alterations of VHL, HGF/SF, and Met genes and the expression pattern of HGF/SF and Met protein in 26 renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). We found five mutations of the VHL gene and frequent LOH (50%) only in non-papillary clear cell RCC. We found six cases in which the CpG island of VHL was methylated. In addition, one missense mutation of the HGF/SF gene was detected in clear cell RCC. HGF/SF and Met protein were expressed in 84.6% and 80.7% of RCCs, respectively. All of the cases with the genetic alterations of VHL or HGF/SF demonstrated strong expression of HGF/SF and Met protein in RCC cells. Statistically, genetic alterations of VHL and HGF/SF were significantly correlated with HGF/SF and Met expression (Fisher's exact test, p=0.022 and p=0.0070). Thus, these results strongly suggest that the expression of HGF/SF and Met protein is closely associated with the genetic alterations of VHL and HGF/SF in primary RCCs.
    Apmis 06/2002; 110(3):229 - 238. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have analysed the genetic alteration of the entire coding region and all splice sites of caspase-8 and -10 genes in 99 gastric cancers by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and sequencing. We found LOH of the caspase-8 and -10 in nine (28%) of 32 and in four (15%) of 26 informative cases, respectively. Overall, three of 99 gastric cancers (3%) were found to have the caspase-10 mutations, which were identified in the coding regions of the death effector domain (codon 147) and the p17 large protease domain (codons 257 and 410), whereas no mutation was detected in caspase-8. In vitro expression studies, the M147T and Q257stop mutants severely impaired caspase-10-mediated apoptosis, whereas the V410I which was the same mutation detected in ALPS patient had a significant, albeit less severe, effect on apoptosis. The data presented here suggest that somatic alterations of the caspase-10 gene might contribute to the pathogenesis in a subset of gastric cancers through the loss of their apoptotic function.
    Oncogene 05/2002; 21(18):2919-25. · 8.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We analyzed the genetic alterations of VHL, HGF/SF, and Met genes and the expression pattern of HGF/SF and Met protein in 26 renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). We found five mutations of the VHL gene and frequent LOH (50%) only in non-papillary clear cell RCC. We found six cases in which the CpG island of VHL was methylated. In addition, one missense mutation of the HGF/SF gene was detected in clear cell RCC. HGF/SF and Met protein were expressed in 84.6% and 80.7% of RCCs, respectively. All of the cases with the genetic alterations of VHL or HGF/SF demonstrated strong expression of HGF/SF and Met protein in RCC cells. Statistically, genetic alterations of VHL and HGF/SF were significantly correlated with HGF/SF and Met expression (Fisher's exact test, p=0.022 and p=0.0070). Thus, these results strongly suggest that the expression of HGF/SF and Met protein is closely associated with the genetic alterations of VHL and HGF/SF in primary RCCs.
    Apmis 04/2002; 110(3):229-38. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is now believed that genes regulating apoptosis are also important variables in cancer development. Fas, a transmembrane protein of the tumour necrosis factor receptor family, is a key molecule for cell death signalling. The mutation of the primary structure of the Fas gene might also be one of the possible mechanisms that disrupt Fas-mediated apoptosis in tumour cells. The purpose of this study was to determine whether somatic mutation of the Fas gene could be involved in the tumourigenesis of gastric cancer. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis with two intragenic polymorphic markers, and mutation analysis for the entire coding regions of the Fas gene were performed in 43 cases of gastric cancer, using PCR–single-strand conformational polymorphism sequencing. Five (11.6%) missense mutations were detected, only in the death domain of the Fas gene. Although these mutations were observed only in intestinal-type gastric cancers, there was no statistically significant difference in the frequency of Fas mutation between intestinal- and diffuse-type gastric cancer (p=0.068). Nine LOH out of 22 informative cases were also detected with one or both markers (41%). Three of them demonstrated a somatic mutation in the remaining allele, indicating the inactivation of both alleles. These results suggest that genetic alterations of the Fas gene may not only be limited to gastric cancer cell protection through Fas resistance, but may also play an important role in tumour promotion and/or progression in a subset of gastric cancer. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    The Journal of Pathology 01/2001; 193(2):162 - 168. · 7.59 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Pathology - J PATHOL. 01/2001; 193(2):162-168.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Bowman-Birk trypsin inhibitor from barley seeds (BBBI) consists of 125 amino acid residues with two inhibitory loops. Its crystal structure in the free state has been determined by the multiwavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) method and has been refined to a crystallographic R-value of 19.1 % for 8.0–1.9 Å data. This is the first report on the structure of a 16 kDa double-headed Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI) from monocotyledonous plants and provides the highest resolution picture of a BBI to date. The BBBI structure consists of 11 β-strands and the loops connecting these β-strands but it lacks α-helices. BBBI folds into two compact domains of similar tertiary structure. Each domain shares the same overall fold with 8 kDa dicotyledonous BBIs. The five disulfide bridges in each domain are a subset of the seven disulfide bridges in 8 kDa dicotyledonous BBIs. Two buried water molecules form hydrogen bonds to backbone atoms in the core of each domain. One interesting feature of this two-domain inhibitor structure is that the two P1 residues (Arg17 and Arg76) are approximately 40 Å apart, allowing the two reactive-site loops to bind to and to inhibit two trypsin molecules simultaneously and independently. The conformations of the reactive-site loops of BBBI are highly similar to those of other substrate-like inhibitors. This structure provides the framework for modeling of the 1:2 complex between BBBI and trypsin.
    Journal of Molecular Biology 12/1999; · 3.91 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The increased level of cytoplasmic b-catenin through the mutations to either b-catenin or adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) has been proposed as an important oncogenic step in various tumors. Gastric cancer showed frequent genetic alterations of the APC gene, and the risk for gastric cancer in familial adenomatosus polyposis patients is 10 times higher than that in the general population. These findings raise the possibility that mutations of b-catenin may also be associated with the development of gastric cancer. We detected seven somatic mutations in a portion of exon 3 encoding for the glycogen synthase kinase 3b phosphorylation consensus region of the b-catenin gene in 43 gastric cancers. All of these mutations were missense mutations, of which five are in the highly conserved aspar- tic acid 32 and two are in serine 29; all of these seven mutations were detected exclusively in intestinal-type gastric cancers (7 of 26; 26.9%), but not in the diffuse-type (0 of 17). We concluded that disruption of the APC/b-catenin/T cell factor-lymphoid enhancer binding factor pathway might play an important role especially in the development of intestinal- type gastric cancer.
    Cancer Research 10/1999; 59(17). · 8.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Isothermal pyrolysis of PS was investigated in the relatively low temperature range of 370 to 400 °C, using a stirred tank of batch-type with respect to the liquid phase; the gas phase was operated in an open system. To maintain an isothermal condition, the stirring speed was 80 rpm. At the initial stage of pyrolysis at each temperature, the first-order kinetic law was found to be operative. The activation energy was evaluated to be 224 kJ/mol a value close to the previously reported one. The main liquid products were single and double aromatic ring species: styrene, α-methylstyrene, toluene and 1,3-diphenylpropane, 1,3-diphenylbutene. The yield of styrene was much larger than any other product and amounted to ca. 70 % by weight. The present reactor, operated in an open system with respect to the gas phase, tends to suppress the scission of volatile diphenyl radicals because of short residence times of these radicals.
    Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering 01/1999; 16(2):161-165. · 1.06 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

326 Citations
44.00 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2008
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • College of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1999
    • Hanyang University
      • Division of Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering
      Ansan, Gyeonggi, South Korea