Jee Hee Seo

Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB, Anzan, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea

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Publications (12)24.51 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) catalyzes the first committed step in triacylglycerol (TAG) and phospholipid biosynthesis, and has been considered as one of the drug targets for treating hepatic steatosis, insulin resistance, and other metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the GPAT inhibitors from natural products and to evaluate their effects. The methanol extract of Aralia cordata roots showed a strong inhibitory effect on the human GPAT1 activity. A further bioactivity-guided approach led to the isolation of ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic acid, (PA), one of the major compounds of A. cordata, which suppressed the GPAT1 activity with IC50 value of 60.5 μM. PA markedly reduced de novo lysophosphatidic acid synthesis through inhibition of GPAT activity and therefore significantly decreased synthesis of TAG in the HepG2 cells. These results suggest that PA as well as A. cordata root extract could be beneficial in controlling lipid metabolism.
    Journal of medicinal food 11/2013; · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of indolyl acrylamide derivatives was synthesized as potential diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) inhibitors. Furfurylamine containing indolyl acrylamide derivative exhibited the most potent DGAT inhibitory activity using microsomes prepared from rat liver. Further evaluation against human DGAT-1 and DGAT-2 identified indolyl acrylamide analogues as selective inhibitors against human DGAT-2. In addition, the most potent compound inhibited triglyceride synthesis dose-dependently in HepG2 cell lines.
    Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 12/2012; · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of acyl CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) has been proposed as one of the drug targets for treating obesity and type 2 diabetes. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the MeOH-soluble extract of Rosmarinus officinalis yielded two new diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) inhibitory-abietane diterpenoids, 7β-hydroxy-20-deoxo-rosmaquinone (1) and 7β-methoxy-20-deoxo-rosmanol (2), along with six known components, carnosol (3), 7α-methoxyrosmanol (4), 7β-methoxyrosmanol (5), 12-methoxy-canosic acid (6), rosmanol (7), and rosmadial (8). Compounds 1–8 inhibited DGAT1 activity, with the IC50 values ranging from 39.5 ± 0.6 to 144.2 ± 3.1 μM. In particular, carnosol (3), which is one of the major compounds of MeOH-soluble extract of R. officinalis exhibits inhibition of de novo intracellular triacylglycerol synthesis in human hepatocyte HepG2 cells.
    Food Chemistry. 06/2012; 132(4):1775–1780.
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    ABSTRACT: Tangeretin, a natural polymethoxylated flavone concentrated in the peel of citrus fruits, is known to have antiproliferative, antiinvasive, antimetastatic and antioxidant activities. However, the effect of tangeretin on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is unknown. This study examined the effect of tangeretin on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced proliferation and migration of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) as well as its underlying mechanisms. Tangeretin significantly inhibited proliferation, DNA synthesis and migration of PDGF-BB-stimulated RASMCs without inducing cell death. Treatment with tangeretin-induced cell-cycle arrest in the G₀/G₁ phase was associated with down-regulation of cyclin D1 and cyclin E in addition to up-regulation of p27(kip1). We also showed that tangeretin inhibited PDGF-BB-induced phosphorylation of AKT, while it had no effect on the phosphorylation of phospholipase Cγ (PLCγ), PDGF receptor β-chain (PDGF-Rβ) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). An in vitro kinase assay revealed that tangeretin inhibited AKT activity in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, treatment of LY294002, a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, had similar effects than that of tangeretin on the expression of p27(kip1) and cyclin D1, as well as cell migration in PDFG-BB-stimulated RASMCs. Taken together, these findings suggest that tangeretin could suppress PDGF-BB-induced proliferation and migration of RASMCs through the suppression of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and may be a potential candidate for preventing or treating vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and restenosis.
    European journal of pharmacology 12/2011; 673(1-3):56-64. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of acyl CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) is proposed to be a drug target for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the CH(2)Cl(2)-soluble extract of the stem bark of Erythrina senegalensis, using an in vitro DGAT enzyme assay, resulted in the isolation of eight known prenylflavonoids, 8-prenylleutone (1), auriculatin (2), erysenegalensein O (3), erysenegalensein D (4), erysenegalensein N (5), derrone (6), alpinumisoflavone (7), and 6,8-diprenylgenistein (8). Compounds 1, 2-4, 6, and 8 inhibited DGAT activity, with IC(50) values ranging from 1.1 +/- 0.3 to 15.1 +/- 1.1 microg/mL. On the basis of the data obtained, we propose isoflavonoids with isoprenyl groups as a novel class of DGAT inhibitors.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 02/2009; 32(1):43-7. · 1.54 Impact Factor
  • Archives of Pharmacal Research 01/2009; 32(2):295-295. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of acyl CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), which is a key enzyme in triglyceride synthesis in eukaryotic organisms, has been proposed as one of the drug targets for treating obesity, type II diabetes mellitus, and metabolic syndrome. Bioassay-guided fractionation of EtOH extract of the flower buds of Tussilago farfara , using an in vitro DGAT enzyme assay, resulted in the isolation of four known sesquiterpenoids, tussilagonone (1), tussilagone (2), 7beta-(3-ethyl-cis-crotonoyloxy)-1alpha-(2-methylbutyryloxy)-3,14-dehydro-Z-notonipetranone (3), and 8-angeloylxy-3,4-epoxy-bisabola-7(14),10-dien-2-one (4). DGAT1 inhibitory activity was studied by in vitro DGAT assay using rat liver microsomes and HepG2 cell microsomes. They showed DGAT1 inhibition with IC(50) values of 99.2 (1), 18.8 (2), 47.0 (3), and 211.1 (4) microM (for rat liver microsomes) and >1 mM (1), 49.1 (2), 160.7 (3), and 294.4 (4) microM (for HepG2 cell microsomes), respectively. Compound 2 showed the most potent inhibition against microsomal DGAT1 derived from rat liver and human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells and also significantly inhibited triglyceride synthesis by suppressing incorporation of [(14)C]acetate or [(14)C]glycerol into triglycerides in HepG2 cells. These findings suggest that tussilagone is a potential lead compound in the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 10/2008; 56(22):10493-7. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB regulates a central common signaling for immunity and cell survival. Artemisolide (ATM) was previously isolated as a NF-kappaB inhibitor from a plant of Artemisia asiatica. However, molecular basis of ATM on NF-kappaB activation remains to be defined. Here, we demonstrate that ATM is a typical inhibitor of IkappaB kinase beta (IKKbeta), resulting in inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NF-kappaB activation in RAW 264.7 macrophages. ATM inhibited the kinase activity of highly purified IKKbeta and also LPS-induced IKK activity in the cells. Moreover, the effect of ATM on IKKbeta activity was completely abolished by substitution of Cys-179 residue of IKKbeta to Ala residue, indicating direct targeting site of ATM. ATM could inhibit IkappaBalpha phosphorylation in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells and subsequently prevent NF-kappaB activation. Further, we demonstrate that ATM down-regulates NF-kappaB-dependent TNF-alpha expression. Taken together, this study provides a pharmacological potential of ATM in NF-kappaB-dependent inflammatory disorders.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2007; 361(3):593-8. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bioactivity-guided fractionation of Saururus chinensis (Saururaceae) using a lymphoproliferation assay led us to isolate 5 lignans (compounds 1 - 5). Compounds 1 - 5 were identified as sauchinone, (-)-saucerneol, saucerneol C, manassantin A, and manassantin B, respectively, by spectroscopic analyses. The immunosuppressive activities of the active compounds were evaluated using lymphoproliferation, mixed leukocyte response, and Th1/Th2 cytokine assays. The relative potency was in the order: manassantin A, B > (-)-saucerneol > saucerneol C > sauchinone.
    Planta Medica 06/2007; 73(7):674-8. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The vascular relaxant effect of the rootbark extract of Paeonia moutan was evaluated in isolated rat thoracic aorta. The methanolic extract of the rootbark showed a vasorelaxant activity in rat aortic preparations precontracted with 0.3 microM phenylephrine (IC50 value: 16.8 microg/mL). The activity-guided fractionation of the extract led to the isolation of five active principles such as paeoniflorin (1), paeonidanin (2), methylpaeoniflorin (4), tetragalloylglucose (5) and pentagalloylglucose (6), and these active ingredients potently relaxed phenylephrine-induced contraction of rat aortic preparations in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 values: 19.4, 7.9, 10.1, 5.1 and 3.6 microM, respectively). These results suggest that pinane glycosides and galloylglucoses might be the components responsible for the vasorelaxant properties of the rootbark extract of P. moutan, and their vasorelaxant effects may be mediated through increases in the release of nitric oxide from endothelial cells.
    Planta Medica 12/2006; 72(14):1338-41. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aerial parts of Artemisia asiatica (Compositae) have been traditionally used as an oriental medicine for the treatment of inflammatory and ulcerogenic diseases. In the present study, artemisolide was isolated as a nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB inhibitor from A. asiatica by activity-guided fractionation. Artemisolide inhibited NF-kappaB transcriptional activity in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages RAW 264.7 with an IC50 value of 5.8 microM. The compound was also effective in blocking NF-kappaB transcriptional activities elicited by the expression vector encoding the NF-kappaB p65 or p50 subunits bypassing the inhibitory kB degradation signaling NF-kappaB activation. The macrophages markedly increased their PGE2 and NO production upon exposure to LPS alone. Artemisolide inhibited LPS-induced PGE2 and NO production with IC50 values of 8.7 microM and 6.4 microM, respectively, but also suppressed LPS-induced synthesis of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 or inducible NO synthase (iNOS). Taken together, artemisolide is a NF-kappaB inhibitor that attenuates LPS-induced production of PGE2 or NO via down-regulation of COX-2 or iNOS expression in macrophages RAW 264.7. Therefore, artemisolide could represent and provide the anti-inflammatory principle associated with the traditional medicine, A. asiatica.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 08/2006; 29(7):591-7. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nuclear factor (NF)-cB is a transcription factor regulating the expression of inflammatory and immune genes. In the present study, an extract from stem bark of Cinnamomum cassia Blume(Lauraceae) was discovered to have an inhibitory effect on LPS-induced NF-KB transcriptional activity, which was determined using macrophages RAW 264.7 transfected stably with an alkaline phosphatase reporter construct containing four copies of the NF-KB binding KB sequence. Following activity-guided fractionation, trans-cinnamaldehyde and 2-methoxycinnamaldehyde were identified as the NF-KB inhibitors from C cassia with IC50 values of 43 MM and 31 pM, respectively. As a positive control, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) showed an IC50 value of 2 uM on NF-KB transcriptional activity. Both trans-cinnamaldehyde and 2-methoxycinnamaldehyde inhibited LPS-induced DNA binding activity of NF-KB in addition to NF-KB transcription-al activity.
    Planta Medica 10/2004; 70(9):823-7. · 2.35 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

62 Citations
688 Views
24.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2013
    • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology KRIBB
      • • Targeted Medicine Research Center
      • • Chemical Biology Research Center
      • • Natural Medicine Research Center
      Anzan, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Chosun University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Goyang, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2004–2007
    • Chungbuk National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Tyundyu, North Chungcheong, South Korea