Yoshihiro Segawa

Osaka City University, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (7)17.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury have focused on the function of neutrophils, the action mechanism of inflammatory cytokines. However, few reports have addressed peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma. PPAR-gamma is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor belonging to the steroid receptor superfamily. It plays a role in both adipocyte differentiation and tumorigenesis. We researched the expression of PPAR-gamma in renal I/R injury of the rat. Male Lewis rats were used. The right kidney was harvested and the left renal artery and vein were clamped at 90 minutes of ischemic time. Rats were killed at 0, 1.5, 3, 5, and 12 hours after reperfusion. PPAR-gamma expression was studied by immunohistostaining. PPAR-gamma expression was observed only on mesangial and endothelial cells of normal kidney. From 1.5 to 3 hours after reperfusion, PPAR-gamma expression gradually became stronger on mesangial and endothelial cells. PPAR-gamma expression was most intense on mesangial cells and endothelial cells at 3 hours after reperfusion. Twelve hours after reperfusion, necrosis extended throughout the ischemic kidney and nearly all the tubular epithelial cells were destroyed, but 12 hours after reperfusion PPAR-gamma expression gradually became weaker on mesangial and endothelial cells. PPAR-gamma was expressed in the rat model having renal I/R injury. Several hours after maximal of PPAR-gamma expression, maximal renal I/R injury was observed. These results may indicate a relationship between PPAR-gamma expression and renal I/R injury.
    Transplantation Proceedings 10/2004; 36(7):1946-8. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.08.039 · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 plays an important role in the development of various cancers due to its angiogenic function. We have demonstrated that the expression of COX-2 was up-regulated in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC), bladder tumor (BT) and prostate cancer (PC). In this study, we examined the effects of COX-2 inhibitors on cell proliferation in RCC, BT and PC-derived cell lines using MTT assay and Hoechst staining. COX-2 inhibitors did not induce a reduction of cell viability with the half-maximal concentration of growth inhibition of RCC, BT and PC cell lines. Furthermore, counting cells at days 1, 2 and 3, showed no inhibition of cell proliferation using COX-2 inhibitors. COX-2 inhibitors could not stop the growth of RCC, BT and PC cells. Typical characteristics of apoptosis, i.e. chromatin condensation, cellular shrinkage, small membrane-bound bodies (apoptotic bodies) and cytoplasmic condensation, did not occur. Although the expression of COX-2 was up-regulated in human RCC, BT and PC tissues, COX-2 inhibitors have only slight anti-proliferative effects against RCC, BT and PC cells through differentiation. Thus, using only down-regulation of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolizing enzyme, COX may be an unsuccessful approach in providing new anti-cancer therapies.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 07/2004; 13(6):789-93. DOI:10.3892/ijmm.13.6.789 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated that lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibitor induces growth arrest of cancer cells through apoptosis. In this study, we examined the effects of LOX inhibitors on cell proliferation in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), bladder tumor (BT), and prostate cancer (PC) cell lines. We investigated the inhibitory effect of LOX inhibitors, 5-, 12- and non-specific LOX inhibitor on RCC, BT and PC-derived cell lines using MTT assay and Hoechst staining. All LOX inhibitors induced the reduction of cell viability with the half-maximal concentration of growth inhibition of RCC, BT, and PC cell lines. Furthermore, counting cells at days 1, 2 and 3, clearly showed marked inhibition of cell proliferation by treatment with non-specific and 5-LOX inhibitor. All LOX inhibitors stopped the growth of all RCC, BT and PC cells. The effect of non-specific LOX inhibitor was strongest. The effect of 5-LOX inhibitor was stronger than 12-LOX inhibitor. All LOX inhibitors caused marked inhibition of urological cancer cells through apoptosis. LOX inhibitor may mediate potent antiproliferative effects against RCC, BT and PC cells through differentiation. Thus, LOX inhibitor, especially 5-LOX inhibitor may become a new target in treatment of urological cancers.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 06/2004; 13(5):665-8. DOI:10.3892/ijmm.13.5.665 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator activator-receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligand induces growth arrest of cancer cells through apoptosis. In this study, we examined the effects of PPAR-gamma inhibitors on cell proliferation in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), bladder tumor (BT), and prostatic carcinoma (PC) cell lines. We investigated the inhibitory effect of PPAR-gamma ligands, troglitazone and 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15dPGJ2) on RCC, BT and PC-derived cell lines using MTT assay and Hoechst staining. PPAR-gamma ligands (troglitazone and 15dPGJ2) induced the reduction of cell viability with the half-maximal concentration of growth inhibition of RCC, BT, and PC cell lines. Furthermore, counting cells at days 1, 2 and 3, clearly showed marked inhibition of cell proliferation using troglitazone and 15dPGJ2. All PPAR-gamma inhibitors stopped the growth of all RCC, BT and PC cells. Cells treated with PPAR-gamma inhibitors showed chromatin condensation, cellular shrinkage, small membrane-bound bodies (apoptotic bodies), and cytoplasmic condensation. These cellular changes were typically redundant characteristics of apoptosis. PPAR-gamma ligands may mediate potent antiproliferative effects against RCC, BT and PC cells through differentiation. Thus, PPAR-gamma may become a new target in treatment of urological tumors.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 01/2004; 12(6):861-5. DOI:10.3892/ijmm.12.6.861 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated that peroxisome proliferator activator-receptors(PPAR)-gamma is expressed in various cancer tissues and its ligand induces growth arrest of these cancer cells through apoptosis. In our study, we investigated the expression of PPAR-alpha, beta and gamma in human bladder tumor (BT) and normal bladder (NB) tissues as well as the effects of PPAR-gamma ligands. Specimens were obtained from 170 patients with BT and 20 with NB. The expressions were investigated using RT-PCR and immunohistochemical methods. We also investigated the inhibitory effect of PPAR-gamma ligands on BT-derived cell line. Immunoreactive PPAR-alpha and -beta were significantly apparent in both BT and NB tissues. Although no marked expression of PPAR-gamma was observed in NB tissue, significant expression was found in BT tissue. The extent and intensity of immunoreactive PPAR-gamma polypeptides in BT cells were statistically much greater than those of NB cells. Correlation between PPAR-gamma expression and tissue type or progression of bladder cancer was observed; PPAR-gamma expression was higher in G3 of bladder cancer than in G1 and was higher in advanced than in early cancer. PPAR-gamma agonists, troglitazone and 15-deoxy-Delta(12, 14)-prostaglandin J(2) inhibited the growth of the BT cells. PPAR-gamma is expressed in bladder tumor, and results suggest that PPAR-gamma ligands may mediate potent antiproliferative effects against BT cells. Thus, PPAR-gamma has the ability to become a new target in treatment of bladder tumor.
    International Journal of Cancer 05/2003; 104(5):597-602. DOI:10.1002/ijc.10980 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of peroxisome proliferator activator-receptor (PPAR)-alpha, beta, and gamma in human testicular cancer (TC) and normal testicular (NT) tissues, as well as the effects of the PPAR-gamma ligand. Recent studies have demonstrated that PPAR-gamma is expressed in various cancer tissues and its ligand induces growth arrest of these cancer cells through apoptosis. However, the expression of PPARs and the effects of PPAR-gamma ligand in testis have not been examined. Tumor specimens were obtained from 72 patients with TC. Specimens were obtained from 20 patients with NT tissue. The expressions were investigated using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical methods. We also investigated the inhibitory effect of the PPAR-gamma ligand on the TC-derived cell line. Immunoreactive PPAR-alpha and beta were significantly apparent in TC tissues. Marked expression of PPAR-alpha and beta was also detected in the NT group. However, very weak or no expression of immunoreactive PPAR-gamma was found in the NT cases. In contrast, we found significant expression of immunoreactive PPAR-gamma in the cancer cells in the TC group. The synthetic PPAR-gamma agonists thiazolidinedione compounds and the endogenous PPAR-gamma ligand, 15-deoxy-Delta-prostaglandin J(2), inhibited the growth of the TC cells. PPAR-gamma is induced in TC, and the results suggest that PPAR-gamma ligands may mediate potent antiproliferative effects against TC cells through differentiation. Thus, PPAR-gamma may become a new target in the treatment of TC.
    Urology 10/2002; 60(3):542-7. DOI:10.1016/S0090-4295(02)01747-8 · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated that peroxisome proliferator activator-receptors (PPAR)-gamma is expressed in some cancer cells such as breast, lung, and gastric cancer, and its ligand induces growth arrest of these cancer cells through apoptosis. However, the expression and localization of PPARs in prostate have not been examined. In this study, PPARs expression was investigated in human prostate cancer (PC), prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and normal prostate (NP) tissues. Tumor specimens were obtained from 156 patients with PC, 15 with PIN, 20 with BPH, and 12 patients with NP tissues. The expressions were investigated by RT-PCR and immunohistochemical methods. Immunoreactive PPAR-alpha and -beta were significantly apparent in PC tissues. Marked expressions of PPAR-alpha and -beta were also detected in PIN, BPH, and NP groups. However, very weak or no expression of immunoreactive PPAR-gamma was found in BPH and NP cases. In contrast, we found significant expression of immunoreactive PPAR-gamma in cancer cells in PC group and in PIN group. Our results demonstrated that PPAR-gamma is induced in PC, and suggest that PPAR-gamma ligands may mediate its own potent antiproliferative effect against PC cells through differentiation.
    The Prostate 05/2002; 51(2):108-16. DOI:10.1002/pros.10058 · 3.57 Impact Factor