ABSTRACT: Recent studies of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury have focused on the function of neutrophils, the action mechanism of inflammatory cytokines. However, few reports have addressed peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma. PPAR-gamma is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor belonging to the steroid receptor superfamily. It plays a role in both adipocyte differentiation and tumorigenesis. We researched the expression of PPAR-gamma in renal I/R injury of the rat. Male Lewis rats were used. The right kidney was harvested and the left renal artery and vein were clamped at 90 minutes of ischemic time. Rats were killed at 0, 1.5, 3, 5, and 12 hours after reperfusion. PPAR-gamma expression was studied by immunohistostaining. PPAR-gamma expression was observed only on mesangial and endothelial cells of normal kidney. From 1.5 to 3 hours after reperfusion, PPAR-gamma expression gradually became stronger on mesangial and endothelial cells. PPAR-gamma expression was most intense on mesangial cells and endothelial cells at 3 hours after reperfusion. Twelve hours after reperfusion, necrosis extended throughout the ischemic kidney and nearly all the tubular epithelial cells were destroyed, but 12 hours after reperfusion PPAR-gamma expression gradually became weaker on mesangial and endothelial cells. PPAR-gamma was expressed in the rat model having renal I/R injury. Several hours after maximal of PPAR-gamma expression, maximal renal I/R injury was observed. These results may indicate a relationship between PPAR-gamma expression and renal I/R injury.
Transplantation Proceedings 10/2004; 36(7):1946-8. · 1.00 Impact Factor