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Publications (6)27.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A new HIV-inhibitory cyclic depsipeptide, neamphamide A (2), was isolated from a Papua New Guinea collection of the marine sponge Neamphius huxleyi. Its structure was established through interpretation of spectroscopic data and by acid hydrolysis, derivatization of the free amino acids, and LC-MS analysis of the derivatives. Neamphamide A (2) contains 11 amino acid residues and an amide-linked 3-hydroxy-2,4,6-trimethylheptanoic acid moiety. The amino acid constituents were identified as L-Leu, L-NMeGln, D-Arg, D- and L-Asn, two residues of D-allo-Thr, L-homoproline, (3S,4R)-3,4-dimethyl-L-glutamine, beta-methoxytyrosine, and 4-amino-7-guanidino-2,3-dihydroxyheptanoic acid. In a cell-based XTT assay, 2 exhibited potent cytoprotective activity against HIV-1 infection with an EC50 of approximately 28 nM.
    Journal of Natural Products 09/2004; 67(8):1407-11. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microspinosamide (1), a new cyclic depsipeptide incorporating 13 amino acid residues, was isolated from extracts of an Indonesian collection of the marine sponge Sidonops microspinosa. Its structure was elucidated by extensive NMR and mass spectral analyses, and by chemical degradation and derivatization studies. The tridecapeptide 1 incorporates numerous uncommon amino acids, and it is the first naturally occurring peptide to contain a beta-hydroxy-p-bromophenylalanine residue. Microspinosamide (1) inhibited the cytopathic effect of HIV-1 infection in an XTT-based in vitro assay with an EC(50) value of approximately 0.2 microg/mL.
    Journal of Natural Products 02/2001; 64(1):117-21. · 3.29 Impact Factor
  • N Lindquist, N Shigematsu, L Pannell
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    ABSTRACT: Two novel piperidinol metabolites, corydendramines A (1) and B (2), have been isolated from the marine hydroid Corydendrium parasiticum. The structures of these compounds, which deter feeding by a potential hydroid predator, were determined by interpretation of their spectral data.
    Journal of Natural Products 10/2000; 63(9):1290-1. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Structure elucidation of five components of the actinomycin Z complex (Z(1)-Z(5)) isolated from Streptomyces fradiae is described. The components were separated by Si gel column chromatography and TLC/PLC and analyzed by ESIMS, FABMS, LC-MS of derivatized hydrolysates, and 2D NMR techniques. This permitted determination of the complete structures of actinomycins Z(1)-Z(5). In Z(3) and Z(5,) site 1 of the beta-depsipeptide is occupied by the rare 4-chloro-L-threonine, an amino acid not previously found in an actinomycin. The structural variants of the actinomycin Z complex have the molecular architecture typical of other actinomycins but possess greater structural diversity resulting from the presence of several highly unusual amino acids. Actinomycins Z(3) and Z(5,) but not Z(1), were more potent than actinomycin D in cytotoxicity assays against three tumor cell lines.
    Journal of Natural Products 04/2000; 63(3):352-6. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The novel cyclic depsipeptides papuamides A (1), B (2), C (3), and D (4) have been isolated from Papua New Guinea collections of the sponges Theonella mirabilis and Theonella swinhoei. Their structures were determined by a combination of spectroscopic analysis and chemical degradation and derivatization studies. In addition to glycine, alanine, and threonine, these peptides contain a number of unusual amino acids including 3,4-dimethylglutamine, β-methoxytyrosine, 3-methoxyalanine, and 2,3-diaminobutanoic acid or 2-amino-2-butenoic acid residues. Papuamides A−D (1−4) are also the first marine-derived peptides reported to contain 3-hydroxyleucine and homoproline residues. These peptides also contain a previously undescribed 2,3-dihydroxy-2,6,8-trimethyldeca-(4Z,6E)-dienoic acid moiety N-linked to a terminal glycine residue. Papuamides A (1) and B (2) inhibited the infection of human T-lymphoblastoid cells by HIV-1RF in vitro with an EC50 of approximately 4 ng/mL. Compound 1 was also cytotoxic against a panel of human cancer cell lines with a mean IC50 of 75 ng/mL.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 01/1999; 121:8632. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A non-proline cis peptide is present between Glu166 and Ile167 in the active site of beta-lactamase from Staphylococcus aureus PC1. To examine the role of the interaction between the side chain of Asn136 and the main chain of Glu166, the site-directed mutant N136A was produced. The enzyme shows no measurable hydrolytic activity toward a variety of penicillins or cephalosporins except for the chromogenic cephalosporin, nitrocefin. For nitrocefin, the progress curve exhibits a fast burst with a stoichiometry of 1 mol of degraded substrate per mole of enzyme followed by a slow phase with a hydrolysis rate that is reduced by approximately 700-fold compared with that of the wild-type enzyme. Thus, the mutant enzyme is deacylation defective. Monitoring the hydrolysis of nitrocefin after preincubation with a number of beta-lactam compounds shows that cephalosporins form stable acyl complexes with the enzyme, whereas penicillins do not. The molecular weight of the mutant was determined by electrospray mass spectrometry, and the presence of the stable acyl enzyme adducts with cephaloridine and cefotaxime was confirmed by both electrospray and MALDI mass spectrometry. Therefore, in addition to impairing deacylation, the acylation machinery has been altered compared with the wild-type enzyme to act on cephalosporins and not on penicillins. Urea denaturation and thermal unfolding studies show that the N136A mutant enzyme is less stable than the wild-type enzyme. However, stability against chemical denaturation of the mutant enzyme is enhanced in the presence of cephaloridine beyond the stability of the wild-type protein. This is attributed to accumulation of favorable interactions between the cephaloridine and the protein, which play a role in the folded state and not in the unfolded state.
    Biochemistry 01/1997; 36(36):10857-10866. · 3.38 Impact Factor