[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine if changes in oxidative stress biomarkers in blood and skeletal muscles are similar in normal and antioxidant supplemented rats after a downhill run. Sixty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with a normal rat diet or diet + antioxidants (2,000 mg vitamin C + 1,000 IU vitamin E/kg diet) for 2 weeks. Exercised rats ran 90 min on a rodent treadmill at a speed of 16 m/min at -16 degrees grade. Rats were sacrificed either at rest, immediately, 2 hrs, or 48 hrs postexercise. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PC) concentrations and glutathione status in blood, vastus lateralis (white fast-twitch), vastus intermedius (red fast-twitch), and soleus (slow-twitch) muscles were determined. A significant increase from rest in PC occurred in plasma, vastus intermedius and soleus muscle 2 hrs after the downhill run (p < 0.05), with no changes observed at any other times postexercise. Antioxidant supplementation significantly decreased PC concentrations in both vastus intermedius and soleus muscles at all times combined (p < 0.05). MDA and glutathione status in blood and muscles were unaffected by either the downhill run or antioxidant treatment. For PC and MDA, the concentrations were lower in blood as compared to skeletal muscle, with the opposite finding for oxidized glutathione; however, the pattern of response postexercise was similar. These data indicate that (a) PC, but not MDA or oxidized glutathione, is elevated transiently following downhill running in male rats; (b) the elevation in PC postexercise occurs in plasma, vastus intermedius, and soleus muscles; (c) antioxidant therapy can attenuate PC in vastus intermedius, and soleus muscles; and (d) while the concentrations of oxidative stress biomarkers differ between blood and the various skeletal muscles, the pattern of response postexercise is similar.
Canadian journal of applied physiology = Revue canadienne de physiologie appliquée 12/2005; 30(6):677-89. · 1.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of antioxidant therapy on indirect markers of muscle damage following eccentric exercise (EE). Eighteen women were randomized to an antioxidant supplement or a placebo before a bout of EE. Plasma creatine kinase (CK) activity, muscle soreness (MS), maximal isometric force (MIF), and range of motion (ROM) were assessed before and through 14 d postexercise. Eccentric exercise resulted in an increase in CK activity and MS, and a drop in MIF and ROM during the days following EE, which returned to baseline values 14 d after EE in both groups. Antioxidants attenuated the CK activity and MS response to the EE, while little difference was noted between groups in MIF or ROM. These findings suggest that antioxidant supplementation was helpful in reducing the elevations in plasma CK activity and MS, with little impact on MIF and ROM loss.
International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism 09/2004; 14(4):377-88. · 1.86 Impact Factor
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 04/2003; 35(5):S269. · 4.48 Impact Factor