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Publications (4)8.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Based on the hypothesis that vascular dysfunction in the ascending aorta can cause morbidity, we undertook this study on the elastic properties of ascending aorta and left ventricular (LV) function in young children who received coarctoplasty in early infancy. Blood pressures (BP) in the right arm and ascending aortic internal diameters determined by M-mode ultrasound at rest and after exercise were measured in 25 patients (mean age, 6.4+/-3 years) and 22 control subjects (mean age, 5.8+/-2.4 years). Ascending aortic stiffness index and distensibility were calculated using BP measurements and ascending aortic internal diameters. In addition, LV parameters (systolic and diastolic function, mass index) were evaluated. Compared with control subjects, patients had increased stiffness index (at rest: 4.87+/-1.94 versus 3.57+/-1.19, P=0.021; after exercise: 4.33+/-1.91 versus 3.2+/-1.26, P=0.034) and decreased distensibility (at rest: 6.90+/-3.15 versus 8.72+/-2.77, P=0.02; after exercise: 5.69+/-2.39 versus 7.88+/-3.44 cm2 dyn(-1) 10(-6), P=0.023). BP and LV parameters showed no consistent differences between the two groups. In patients, distensibility was significantly correlated with systolic BP (at rest: P=0.008; after exercise: P=0.014) and pulse pressure (at rest: P=0.013; after exercise: P=0.001). This study suggests that vasculopathy of ascending aorta is possible in some young children despite early correction. However, long-term tracking study is needed to clarify the significance of the study.
    International Journal of Cardiology 01/2005; 97(3):471-7. · 5.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the widespread emergence of antimicrobial resistance, combination regimens of ceftriaxone and vancomycin (C+V) or ceftriaxone and rifampin (C+R) are recommended for empirical treatment of pneumococcal meningitis. To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of meropenem (M), we compared various treatment regimens in a rabbit model of meningitis caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP). Therapeutic efficacy was also evaluated by the final bacterial concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) at 24 hr. Each group consisted of six rabbits. C+V cleared the CSF at 10 hr, but regrowth was noted in 3 rabbits at 24 hr. Meropenem monotherapy resulted in sterilization at 10 hr, but regrowth was observed in all 6 rabbits at 24 hr. M+V also resulted in sterilization at 10 hr, but regrowth was observed in 2 rabbits at 24 hr. M+V was superior to the meropenem monotherapy at 24 hr (reduction of 4.8 vs. 1.8 log10 cfu/mL, respectively; p=0.003). The therapeutic efficacy of M+V was comparable to that of C+V (reduction of 4.8 vs. 4.0 log10 cfu/mL, respectively; p=0.054). The meropenem monotherapy may not be a suitable choice for PRSP meningitis, while combination of meropenem and vancomycin could be a possible alternative in the treatment of PRSP meningitis.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 03/2004; 19(1):21-6. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a practical protocol for titrating positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) involving recruitment maneuver (RM) and decremental PEEP. Seventeen consecutive patients with acute lung injury who underwent PEEP titration were included in the analysis. After baseline ventilation, RM (continuous positive airway pressure, 35 cm H2O for 45 sec) was performed and PEEP was increased to 20 cmH2O or the highest PEEP guaranteeing the minimal tidal volume of 5 mL/kg. Then PEEP was decreased every 20 min in 2 cmH2O decrements. The "optimal" PEEP was defined as the lowest PEEP attainable without causing a significant drop (>10%) in PaO2. The "optimal PEEP" was 14.5 +/- 3.8 cmH2O. PaO2 /FI O2 ratio was 154.8 +/- 63.3 mmHg at baseline and improved to 290.0 +/- 96.4 mmHg at highest PEEP and 302.7 +/- 94.2 mmHg at "optimal PEEP", both significantly higher than baseline (p<0.05). Static compliance was significantly higher at "optimal" PEEP (27.2 +/- 10.4 mL/ cmH2O) compared to highest PEEP (22.3 +/- 7.7 mL/cmH2O) (p<0.05). Three patients experienced transient hypotension and one patient experienced atrial premature contractions. No patient had gross barotrauma. PEEP titration protocol involving RM and PEEP decrement was effective in improving oxygenation and was generally well-tolerated.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 06/2003; 18(3):349-54. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Five year survival rate of postoperative stage I non-small lung cancer(NSCLC) reaches to 66%. In the remaining one third of patients, however, cancer recurs and overall survival of NSCLC remains dismal. To evaluate clinical and pathologic characteristics of recurred NSCLC, we studied patterns and factors for postoperative recurrence in patients with staged I, II NSCLC. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed in 234 patients who underwent radical resection for pathologic stage I, II NSCLC. All patients followed for at least one year were included in this study. RESULTS: 1) There were 177 men and 57 women. The median age was 63. The median duration of follow up was 732 days (range 365~1,695 days). The overall recurrence rate was 26.5% and the recurrence occurred at 358.8 +/- 239.8 days after operation. 2) The age of recurred NSCLC patients were higher (63.2 +/- 8.8 years) than that of non-recurred patients (60.3 +/- 9.8 years)(p=0.043). The recurrence rate was higher in stage II (46.9%) than in stage I (18.8%, p<0.001) NSCLC. The size of primary lung mass was larger in recurred (5.45 +/- 3.22 cm) than that of non-recurred NSCLC (3.74 +/- 1.75 cm, p<0.001). Interestingly, there were no recurrent cases when the resected primary tumors were less than 2cm. 3) Distant recurrence was more frequent than locoregional recurrence (66.1% vs. 33.9%). Distant recurrence rate was more frequent in female and adenocarcinoma. Brain metastasis was more frequent in patients with adenocarcinoma than squamous cell carcinoma (p=0.024). CONCLUSION: The tumor size and stage were two important factors for recurrence. Considering that distant brain metastasis was more frequent in patients with adenocarinoma, prospective study should follow to evaluate the effectiveness of preoperative brain imaging.
    Tuberc Respir Dis. 01/2000; 48(4):428-437.