ABSTRACT: Foot and ankle pain is common in ballet dancers. Although clinical examination often points to the underlying cause, imaging is often necessary to confirm the diagnosis and thus ensure appropriate future management. Factors predisposing to the increased incidence of injuries in this population include the classical position in which ballet dancers stand, which is on the tips of the toes in the en pointe position or on the balls of the feet in the demi-pointe position. Furthermore, the repetitious nature of ballet and the long hours spent rehearsing cause over-use injuries. The causes of foot and ankle pain can be thought of in four different groups: the impingement syndromes; tendon abnormalities; osseous pathology; and ligament abnormalities. These will be discussed and illustrated.
British Journal of Radiology 07/2004; 77(918):532-7. · 1.31 Impact Factor