Helmut Haardt

Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (3)7.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Wound healing impairment in the leg after removal of the saphenous vein within the framework of a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation represents a clinically significant problem. Patients suffer from this complication, and treatment of the wounds is costly in terms of both time and money. No method is known to date that reliably prevents postoperative wound healing disturbances. The effect of autologous platelet gel to stimulate wound healing is known from various medical disciplines. Within a prospective randomized study, we wanted to determine whether intraoperative use of autologous platelet gel on the leg during a CABG operation could reduce the incidence of postoperative wound healing disturbances. The application group (AG) included 35 patients and was compared to a control group (CG) that also had 35 patients. The platelet gel, as well as the thrombin required to activate the platelets, was prepared from autologous patient blood during the operation. Validation of the platelet gel comprised measurement of the growth factors platelet-derived growth factor AB (PDGF AB) and epidermal growth factor (EGF), as well as the thrombocyte and leukocyte counts. Wound healing was photographically documented after surgery, and the patients were contacted by telephone on day 50 after surgery to obtain information on wound healing status. After cell separation, the platelet count was 1616 +/- 845/microL, which is higher than in whole blood by a factor of 7.1 +/- 2.0, with a platelet yield of 47.0% +/- 13.2%. The PDGF AB concentration after activation of the platelets was raised by a median factor of 158 and EGF by a median factor of 64 compared with whole blood. During the primary clinical stay, no statistically significant differences were recorded in the number of hematomas, postoperative leg swelling, or pain level. Large-area hematomas were less frequent in the application group (AG, 29.4% vs. CG, 60%, p = .007). In the follow-up 51 +/- 9 days after surgery, 17.6% (6/34) of the patients from the AG and 31.4% (11/35) of the patients from the CG showed leg wound healing disturbances (p = .184). Using the cell separation system, a biological product that contains high concentrations of platelets, leukocytes, and growth factors can be prepared reproducibly. Despite optimum application of the autologous platelet gel to the wound, no clinically relevant differences were found between the groups, either during the primary clinic stay or in the follow-up period.
    The Journal of extra-corporeal technology 10/2008; 40(3):196-202.
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    ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of a concomitant anti-arrhythmic surgical procedure in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) was evaluated. This prospective study included 36 CABG patients, who had a concomitant anti-arrhythmic procedure using irrigated cooled-tip radiofrequency ablation. Follow-up included a 24 h EKG and ultrasound examination at 3, 6, 12 months. Mean (SD) age was 68.7 years (8.0), left atrial diameter 44.9 mm (6.7), preoperative duration of AF 67 months (73), left ventricular ejection fraction 54% (14), euroscore 5.5 (2.6), number of distal anastomoses 3.3 (1.2), aortic cross-clamp time 90 (19)min, extracorporeal bypass time 156 (38)min. Thirty-day mortality was 2.8% (1/36). Mean (SD) follow-up was 25.3 months (17.9). Cumulative survival rates (SE) at 12 and 24 months were 0.94 (0.04) and 0.90 (0.06). Cumulative postoperative sinus rhythm (SR) rates (SE) at 6 and 12 months were 0.60 (0.08) and 0.75 (0.08). Restored bi-atrial contraction occurred in 73% (19/26) of all SR patients. As a consequence coumadine was stopped, after the 6th postoperative month, in 76% (16/21) in this subset of patients, corresponding with 44% (16/36) of all study group patients. One patient experienced a sick sinus syndrome 12 months postoperatively, for which a DDD pacemaker was implanted. Three out of five patients with a preexistent VVI pacemaker regained a stable postoperative SR with bi-atrial contraction, obviating the need of any pacemaker support.
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 07/2004; 25(6):1018-24. DOI:10.1016/j.ejcts.2004.02.010 · 3.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the effectiveness of the saline-irrigated-cooled-tip-radiofrequency ablation (SICTRA) to produce linear intraatrial lesions. Thirty patients with chronic atrial fibrillation and mitral valve disease were consecutively randomized to have mitral valve operation either with a Maze procedure (group A) or without (group B). Intraatrial linear lesions were made with an SICTRA catheter (20 to 32 W; 200 to 320 mL/h saline). An echocardiography and 24-hour electrocardiogram were obtained 12 months postoperatively. The cumulative frequencies of sinus rhythm in group A and B were 0.80 and 0.27 (p < 0.01). Restored biatrial contraction was present in 66.7% (6 of 9) of the group A patients in sinus rhythm. One patient from each group received a permanent pacemaker because of bradycardia. A fatal renal bleeding and mediastinitis occurred in 2 group A patients, 6 weeks postoperatively. One group A patient had sudden cardiac death at home, 4 months after operation. One patient from each group had lethal respiratory failure, 7 and 10 months after operation. Survival after 12 months for group A and B was 73% and 93% (p = 0.131). The SICTRA appeared to be an effective technique to perform the Maze procedure.
    The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 09/2001; 72(3):S1090-5. DOI:10.1016/S0003-4975(01)02940-X · 3.85 Impact Factor