Manoel Barros Bértolo

University of Campinas, Conceição de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (86)131.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background. The aim of the present study was to analyze the score of fatigue in a large cohort of Brazilian patients with SpA, comparing different disease patterns and its association with demographic and disease-specific variables. Methods. A common protocol of investigation was prospectively applied to 1492 Brazilian patients classified as SpA according to the European Spondyloarthropathies Study Group (ESSG) criteria, attended at 29 reference centers. Clinical and demographic variables were recorded. Fatigue was evaluated using the first item of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) questionnaire. Results. The mean BASDAI fatigue score was 4.20 ± 2.99. There was no significant difference in the fatigue score between the different SpA. Fatigue was higher in female patients (p < 0.001), with mixed (axial + peripheral) involvement (p < 0.001) and in those who did not practice exercises (p < 0.001). Higher scores of fatigue were significantly associated with inflammatory low back pain (p = 0.013), alternating buttock pain (p = 0.001), cervical pain (p = 0.001), and hip involvement (p = 0.005). Fatigue presented a moderate positive statistical correlation with Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) (0.469; p < 0.001) and Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (0.462; p < 0.001). Conclusion. In this large series of Brazilian SpA patients, higher fatigue scores were associated with female gender, sedentary, worse functionality, and quality of life.
    Modern rheumatology / the Japan Rheumatism Association. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Na errata do artigo original «Diretrizes para o diagnóstico da artrite reumatoide» (Rev Bras Reumatol 2013;53(2):141-157) publica- da em Rev Bras Reumatol 2013;53(3):318 onde se lê: Licia Maria Henrique da Motaa,*, Bóris Afonso Cruza, Claiton Viegas Brenola, Ivânio Alves Pereiraa, Lucila Stange Rezende-Fronzaa, Manoel Barros Bertoloa, Max Vitor Carioca Freitasa, Nilzio Antônio da Silvaa, Paulo Louzada-Juniora, Rina Dalva Neubarth Giorgia, Rodrigo Aires Corrêa Limaa, Ronaldo Adib Kairallab, Alexandre de Melo Kawassakib, Wanderley Marques Bernardoc, Geraldo da Rocha Castelar Pinheiroa a Sociedade Brasileira de Reumatologia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil b Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia, Brasília, DF, Brasil c Associação Médica Brasileira, São Paulo, SP, Brasil leia-se: Licia Maria Henrique da Motaa,*, Bóris Afonso Cruza, Claiton Viegas Brenola, Ivânio Alves Pereiraa, Lucila Stange Rezende-Fronzaa, Manoel Barros Bertoloa, Max Vitor Carioca Freitasa, Nilzio Antônio da Silvaa, Paulo Louzada-Juniora, Rina Dalva Neubarth Giorgia, Rodrigo Aires Corrêa Limaa, Ronaldo Adib Kairallab, Alexandre de Melo Kawassakib, Wanderley Marques Bernardoc, Geraldo da Rocha Castelar Pinheiroa a Sociedade Brasileira de Reumatologia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil b Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia, Brasília, DF, Brasil c Associação Médica Brasileira, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 01/2014; 54(2):159. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Os Centros de Medicação de Alto Custo (CEDMAC) da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado de São Paulo foram instituídos por projeto em parceria com Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da USP, patrocinado pela Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), visando à formação de rede estadual para atendimento integral dos pacientes indicados ao uso de agentes imunobiológicos nas doenças reumatológicas. O CEDMAC do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (HC-Unicamp), implementado pela Disciplina de Reumatologia da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, identificou a neces- sidade de padronização das condutas da equipe multidisciplinar, frente à especificidade da assistência, verificando a importância da descrição, em formato de manual, dos seus processos de trabalho e técnicas. O objetivo do estudo foi apresentar a metodologia de construção do manual do CEDMAC/HC-Unicamp como ferramenta institucional, visando à qualidade assistencial e administrativa. A metodologia para elaboração dos manuais no HC-Unicamp, desde 2008, tem como premissas ser participativo, multidisciplinar, focado em processos de trabalho, integrado às normas institucionais, com descrição objetiva e didática, formato padronizado e divulgação eletrônica. O Manual do CEDMAC/HC-Unicamp foi construído em dez meses, com o envolvimento de toda equipe multidisciplinar, tendo 19 capítulos sobre processos de trabalho e técnicas, além dos relativos à estrutura orga- nizacional e anexos. Publicado no portal eletrônico dos Manuais HC, em julho de 2012, como e-book, com registro ISBN 978-85-63274-17-5. O Manual tem sido valioso instrumento na orientação dos profissionais da área nas atividades assistenciais, de ensino e pesquisa.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia (English Edition). 01/2014; 54(3):185–191.
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    ABSTRACT: The Centers for High Cost Medication (Centros de Medicação de Alto Custo, CEDMAC), Health Department, São Paulo were instituted by project in partnership with the Clinical Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine, USP, sponsored by the Foundation for Research Support of the State of São Paulo (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, FAPESP) aimed at the formation of a statewide network for comprehensive care of patients referred for use of immunobiological agents in rheumatological diseases. The CEDMAC of Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (HC‐Unicamp), implemented by the Division of Rheumatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, identified the need for standardization of the multidisciplinary team conducts, in face of the specificity of care conducts, verifying the importance of describing, in manual format, their operational and technical processes. The aim of this study is to present the methodology applied to the elaboration of the CEDMAC/HC‐Unicamp Manual as an institutional tool, with the aim of offering the best assistance and administrative quality. In the methodology for preparing the manuals at HC‐Unicamp since 2008, the premise was to obtain a document that is participatory, multidisciplinary, focused on work processes integrated with institutional rules, with objective and didactic descriptions, in a standardized format and with electronic dissemination. The CEDMAC/HC‐Unicamp Manual was elaborated in 10 months, with involvement of the entire multidisciplinary team, with 19 chapters on work processes and techniques, in addition to those concerning the organizational structure and its annexes. Published in the electronic portal of HC Manuals in July 2012 as an e‐Book (ISBN 978‐85‐63274‐17‐5), the manual has been a valuable instrument in guiding professionals in healthcare, teaching and research activities.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 01/2014; 54(3):185–191. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn's disease and ulcerative rectocolitis) have extraintestinal manifestations 25% of the patients, with the most common one being the enteropathic arthritis. Prospective, observational, multicenter study with patients from 29 reference centers participating in the Brazilian Registry of Spondyloarthritis (RBE), which incorporates the RESPONDIA (Ibero-American Registry of Spondyloarthritis) group. Demographic and clinical data were collected from 1472 patients and standardized questionnaires for the assessment of axial mobility, quality of life, enthesitic involvement, disease activity and functional capacity were applied. Laboratory and radiographic examinations were performed. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical, epidemiological, genetic, imaging, treatment and prognosis characteristics of patients with enteropathic arthritis with other types of spondyloarthritis in a large Brazilian cohort. A total of 3.2% of patients were classified as having enteroarthritis, 2.5% had spondylitis and 0.7%, arthritis (peripheral predominance). The subgroup of individuals with enteroarthritis had a higher prevalence in women (P < 0.001), lower incidence of inflammatory axial pain (P < 0.001) and enthesitis (P = 0.004). HLA-B27 was less frequent in the group with enteroarthritis (P = 0.001), even when considering only those with the pure axial form. There was a lower prevalence of radiographic sacroiliitis (P = 0.009) and lower radiographic score (BASRI) (P = 0.006) when compared to patients with other types of spondyloarthritis. They also used more corticosteroids (P < 0.001) and sulfasalazine (P < 0.001) and less non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (P < 0.001) and methotrexate (P = 0.001). There were differences between patients with enteroarthritis and other types of spondyloarthritis, especially higher prevalence of females, lower frequency of HLA-B27, associated with less severe axial involvement.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 12/2013; 53(6):452-459. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the clinical effect of enthesitis in a large Brazilian cohort of patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). A common protocol of investigation was prospectively applied to 1505 patients with SpA in 29 centers in Brazil. Clinical and demographic variables and disease indexes were investigated. The Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score was used to investigate the enthesitis component. Ankylosing spondylitis was the most frequent disease in the group (65.4%). Others were psoriatic arthritis (18.4%), undifferentiated SpA (6.7%), reactive arthritis (3.3%), and enteropathic arthritis (3.2%). At least 1 affected enthesis was observed in 54% of the patients with SpA, with a mean of 2.12 ± 2.98 entheses affected. According to the clinical presentation, enthesitis was significantly more frequent in patients with axial + peripheral joint involvement compared to isolated axial or peripheral involvement (p < 0.001). There was a statistical association between the presence of enthesites and axial symptoms (buttock pain, cervical pain, and hip pain), and peripheral symptoms (lower limb arthritis, number of painful and swollen joints; p < 0.05). Patients with enthesitis also presented higher mean scores of Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI; p < 0.001), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (p < 0.001), and Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL; p < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that BASFI (p < 0.0001; OR 74.839), ASQoL (p = 0.0001; OR 14.645), and Achilles tendonitis (p = 0.0059; OR 7.593) were associated with work incapacity. The clinical presence of enthesitis in this large cohort of patients with SpA was frequent and was associated with a significant increase in disease activity and decline in functional capacity and quality of life.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 07/2013; · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 04/2013; 53(2):158-183. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 04/2013; 53(2):158-183. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 04/2013; 53(2):141-157. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To elaborate recommendations to the vaccination of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Brazil. METHOD: Literature review and opinion of expert members of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology Committee of Rheumatoid Arthritis and of an invited pediatric rheumatologist. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The following 12 recommendations were established: 1) Before starting disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, the vaccine card should be reviewed and updated; 2) Vaccines against seasonal influenza and against H1N1 are indicated annually for patients with RA; 3) The pneumococcal vaccine should be indicated for all patients with RA; 4) The vaccine against varicella should be indicated for patients with RA and a negative or dubious history for that disease; 5) The HPV vaccine should be considered for adolescent and young females with RA; 6) The meningococcal vaccine is indicated for patients with RA only in the presence of asplenia or complement deficiency; 7) Asplenic adults with RA should be immunized against Haemophilus influenzae type B; 8) An additional BCG vaccine is not indicated for patients diagnosed with RA; 9) Hepatitis B vaccine is indicated for patients with RA who are negative for antibodies against HBsAg; the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine should be considered; 10) Patients with RA and at high risk for tetanus, who received rituximab in the preceding 24 weeks, should undergo passive immunization with tetanus immunoglobulin in case of exposure; 11) The YF vaccine is contraindicated to patients with RA on immunosuppressive drugs; 12) The above described recommendations should be reviewed over the course of RA.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 02/2013; 53(1):13-23. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate human leukocyte antigen (HLA) involvement in the disease expression and poor prognostic clinical features (pulmonary fibrosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension) in patients diagnosed with systemic sclerosis (SSc) in a multiethnic population. Methods. SSc patients followed up between 2008 and 2011 were included, and clinical data were obtained through records review. Molecular HLA typing was performed (polymerase chain reaction amplification technique using specific primer sequences). The statistical analysis involved Fisher's exact test and Pearson's corrected chi-square test. P values ≤ 0.05 were considered significant. The delta method was used to estimate the variance of the prevalence ratio (PR). Results. A total of 141 patients (120 women and 21 men) with SSc were studied, including 33.3% with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), 62.4% with limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), and 4.3% with sine scleroderma. Pulmonary fibrosis was present in 61 patients (43.3%), and the HLA-A∗30 and DQB1∗04 alleles were related to susceptibility. In contrast, the HLA-DRB1∗01 and DQB1∗05 alleles were protective. Pulmonary arterial hypertension was diagnosed in 19 patients (13.5%) and was associated with HLA-B∗35 and C∗04; in contrast, C∗03 seemed to be protective. Conclusions. Our current study documents the association of some classes I and II HLA alleles with the most severe clinical manifestations in a multiethnic case series. Our findings differed slightly from the previous data in other populations.
    Disease markers 01/2013; 35(2):73-8. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) monoclonal antibody (infliximab) is used to treat autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although the risk of worsening heart failure has been described in patients under chronic treatment, the acute cardiovascular effects of this drug are unknown in RA patients without heart failure. 14 RA patients with normal echocardiography and no history of heart failure were evaluated during the 2-hour infliximab (3-5 mg/kg) infusion period, using a noninvasive hemodynamic beat-to-beat system (Portapres). Stroke volume (SV); systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressures (SBP, DBP and MBP, respectively); cardiac output (CO); heart rate (HR); and total peripheral vascular resistance (PVR) were recorded. All patients also received saline infusion instead of infliximab as a control. Significant differences in hemodynamic parameters were determined using Tuckey's test. All values were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD). Fourteen RA patients (6M/8F) with mean age of 47.2 ± 8.8 years were evaluated. A significant decrease was found in cardiac output and stroke volume (7.04 ± 2.3 to 6.12 ± 2.1 l/min and 91 ± 29.0 to 83 ± 28.8 mL/beat, respectively) after infliximab infusion. Although not statistically significant, a progressive increase was detected in SBP, DBP and total PVR during infusion. Saline infusion did not cause significant hemodynamic changes in the same group of RA patients. No adverse effects were observed during the infusion period. Acute infliximab administration decreased cardiac output due to low stroke volume in RA patients without heart disease. The results also demonstrated that, in spite of its negative inotropic effect, infliximab enhanced BP, probably by increasing PVR.
    Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira 12/2012; 58(6):698-702. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. To evaluate the effect of insoles with medial arch support and metatarsal pad on balance, foot pain and disability in elderly women with osteoporosis.Methods. This was a randomized controlled clinical trial. Ninety-four elderly women (>60 years) with osteoporosis in treatment in the outpatient clinic of the Rheumatology Division of UNICAMP were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) with foot orthoses or to a control group (CG) without orthoses. The Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the Timed Up and Go test (TUG), the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index (MFPDI) and a numeric pain scale (NPS) were assessed at baseline and after 4 weeks. The chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test and Mann-Whitney test were applied to compare baseline values between the two groups. Repeated measures of analysis of variance followed by Tukey's test for multiple comparisons and the contrast profile test were used to compare the longitudinal measures. For numeric variable relationship analysis, the Spearman correlation coefficient was used.Results. The groups were similar at baseline. Only subjects from the IG displayed improvements in balance (both BBS and TUG), foot pain (NPS) and disability (MFPDI) (P < 0.001). Minor adverse effects were noted.Conclusion. Foot orthoses were effective for improving balance and for reducing pain and disability in elderly women. Orthoses can be used as an adjuvant strategy to improve balance and to prevent falls in the elderly.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 11/2012; · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To elaborate recommendations of the Rheumatoid Arthritis Committee of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology (SBR) to manage comorbidities in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). To review the literature and the opinions of the SBR RA Committee experts. Recommendations: 1) Early diagnosis and proper treatment of comorbidities are recommended; 2) The specific treatment of RA should be adapted to the presence of comorbidities; 3) Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers are preferred to treat systemic arterial hypertension; 4) In patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes mellitus, the continuous use of a high cumulative dose of corticoids should be avoided; 5) Statins should be used to maintain LDL cholesterol levels under 100 mg/dL and the atherosclerotic index lower than 3.5 in patients with RA who have other comorbidities; 6) Metabolic syndrome should be treated; 7) Performing non-invasive tests to investigate subclinical atherosclerosis is recommended; 8) Greater surveillance for the early diagnosis of occult malignancy is recommended; 9) Preventive measures of venous thrombosis are suggested; 10) Bone densitometry is recommended in RA patients over the age of 50 years and in younger patients on corticoid therapy at a dose greater than 7.5 mg for over three months; 11) Patients with RA and osteoporosis should be instructed to avoid falls, to increase their dietary calcium intake and sun exposure, and to exercise; 12) Calcium and vitamin D supplementation is suggested. Bisphosphonates are suggested for patients with T score < -2.5 on bone densitometry; 13) A multidisciplinary team, with the active participation of a rheumatologist, is recommended to treat comorbidities.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 08/2012; 52(4):483-95. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the extra-articular manifestations (cardiac, renal, pulmonary, and neurological), usually not related to spondyloarthritis (SpA), in a large cohort of Brazilian patients. This retrospective study analyzed 1,472 patients diagnosed with SpA and cared for at 29 health care centers distributed in the five major geographic regions in the country, participating in the Brazilian Registry of Spondyloarthritis (BRS). All patients were assessed for the prevalence of major extra-articular manifestations (cardiac, renal, pulmonary, and neurological), classified according to the diagnosis [ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), reactive arthritis (ReA), arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA), and juvenile SpA], and according to the clinical presentation (axial, peripheral, mixed, and enthesitis). Of the patients with SpA assessed, 963 had AS, 271 PsA, 49 ReA, 48 arthritis associated with IBD, 98 uSpA, and 43 juvenile SpA. Cardiac involvement was reported in 44 patients (3.0%), pulmonary involvement in 19 (1.3%), renal involvement in 17 (1.2%), and neurological involvement in 13 patients (0.9%). Most patients with visceral involvement had AS or PsA, and the mixed (axial + peripheral) and/or predominantly axial clinical form. Cardiac, renal, pulmonary, and neurological extra-articular manifestations are quite infrequent in SpA, ranging from 0.9% to 3% in this large Brazilian cohort, and affected predominantly patients with AS and PsA.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 06/2012; 52(3):375-83. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the frequency of HLA classes I and II and their association with the cutaneous manifestation of rheumatoid vasculitis (RV) in Brazilian patients. During one year we selected 130 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) classified according to the American College of Rheumatology, 1987. All patients underwent a clinical and laboratory questionnaire to exclude other causes of cutaneous vasculopathy (neoplasia, infections, illicit drug use, diabetes mellitus, and tobaccoism). Seventy-three patients with any risk factor for other causes of vasculopathy were excluded. Fifty-seven without risk factors for other causes of vasculopathy were included in the study, 17 with RV according to Scott and Bacon's criteria, 1984. Demographic data, time of RA diagnosis, disease activity (DAS28), presence of rheumatoid factor, and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies were analyzed. The HLA alleles were typed using the DNA-amplified polymerase chain reaction with low-resolution hybridization and sequence-specific primers. The comparison between the 40 patients without RV and the 17 patients with RV showed an increased frequency of HLA-B*14 (Pc = 0.168) and HLA-Cw*08 (Pc = 0.084) in patients with RV and an increased frequency of HLA-DRB5*01 (Pc = 0.048) in patients without RV. The HLA-DRB5*01 may confer protection against that extra-articular manifestation of RA.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 06/2012; 52(3):366-74. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyse demographic and clinical variables in patients with disease onset before and after 40, 45 and 50 years in a large series of Brazilian SpA patients. A common protocol of investigation was prospectively applied to 1424 SpA patients in 29 centres distributed through the main geographical regions in Brazil. The mean age at disease onset was 28.56 ± 12.34 years, with 259 patients (18.2%) referring disease onset after 40 years, 151 (10.6%) after 45 years and 81 (5.8%) after 50 years. Clinical and demographic variables and disease indices (BASDAI, BASFI, BASRI, MASES, ASQoL) were investigated. Ankylosing spondylitis was the most frequent disease (66.3%), followed by psoriatic arthritis (18%), undifferentiated SpA (6.7%), reactive arthritis (5.5%), and enteropathic arthritis (3.5%). Comparing the groups according to age of disease onset, those patients with later onset presented statistical association with female gender, peripheral arthritis, dactylitis, nail involvement and psoriasis, as well as negative statistical association with inflammatory low back pain, alternating buttock pain, radiographic sacroiliitis, hip involvement, positive familial history, HLA-B27 and uveitis. BASDAI, BASFI and quality of life, as well as physicians and patient's global assessment, were similar in all the groups. Radiographic indices showed worse results in the younger age groups. There are two different clinical patterns in SpA defined by age at disease onset: one with predominance of axial symptoms in the group with disease onset ≤ 40 years and another favouring the peripheral manifestations in those with later disease onset.
    Clinical and experimental rheumatology 04/2012; 30(3):351-7. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To elaborate recommendations for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in Brazil. Literature review with articles' selection based on evidence and the expert opinion of the Rheumatoid Arthritis Committee of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology. 1) The therapeutic decision should be shared with the patient; 2) immediately after the diagnosis, a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) should be prescribed, and the treatment adjusted to achieve remission; 3) treatment should be conducted by a rheumatologist; 4) the initial treatment includes synthetic DMARDs; 5) methotrexate is the drug of choice; 6) patients who fail to respond after two schedules of synthetic DMARDs should be assessed for the use of biologic DMARDs; 7) exceptionally, biologic DMARDs can be considered earlier; 8) anti-TNF agents are preferentially recommended as the initial biologic therapy; 9) after therapeutic failure of a first biologic DMARD, other biologics can be used; 10) cyclophosphamide and azathioprine can be used in severe extra-articular manifestations; 11) oral corticoid is recommended at low doses and for short periods of time; 12) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should always be prescribed in association with a DMARD; 13) clinical assessments should be performed on a monthly basis at the beginning of treatment; 14) physical therapy, rehabilitation, and occupational therapy are indicated; 15) surgical treatment is recommended to correct sequelae; 16) alternative therapy does not replace traditional therapy; 17) family planning is recommended; 18) the active search and management of comorbidities are recommended; 19) the patient's vaccination status should be recorded and updated; 20) endemic-epidemic transmissible diseases should be investigated and treated.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 04/2012; 52(2):152-74. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An increasing number of women have been diagnosed with spondyloarthritis (SpA) in recent decades. While a few studies have analyzed gender as a prognostic factor of the disease, no studies have addressed this matter with a large number of patients in South America, which is a peculiar region due to its genetic heterogeneity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of gender on disease patterns in a large cohort of Brazilian patients with SpA. A prospective study was carried out involving 1,505 patients [1,090 males (72.4%) and 415 females (27.6%)] classified as SpA according to the European Spondyloarthropaties Study Group criteria who attended at 29 reference centers for rheumatology in Brazil. Clinical and demographic variables were recorded and the following disease indices were administered: Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiologic Index (BASRI), Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score (MASES), and Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL). Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was the most frequent disease in the group (65.4%), followed by psoriatic arthritis (18.4%), undifferentiated SpA (6.7%), reactive arthritis (3.3%), arthritis associated to inflammatory bowel disease (3.2%), and juvenile SpA (2.9%). The male-to-female ratio was 2.6:1 for the whole group and 3.6:1 for AS. The females were older (p < 0.001) and reported shorter disease duration (p = 0.002) than the male patients. The female gender was positively associated to peripheral SpA (p < 0.001), upper limb arthritis (p < 0.001), dactylitis (p = 0.011), psoriasis (p < 0.001), nail involvement (p < 0.001), and family history of SpA (p = 0.045) and negatively associated to pure axial involvement (p < 0.001), lumbar inflammatory pain (p = 0.042), radiographic sacroiliitis (p < 0.001), and positive HLA-B27 (p = 0.001). The number of painful (p < 0.001) and swollen (p = 0.006) joints was significantly higher in the female gender, who also achieved higher BASDAI (p < 0.001), BASFI (p = 0.073, trend), MASES (p = 0.019), ASQoL (p = 0.014), and patient's global assessment (p = 0.003) scores, whereas the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (p < 0.001) and biological agents (p = 0.003) was less frequent in the female gender. Moreover, BASRI values were significantly lower in females (p < 0.001). The female gender comprised one third of SpA patients in this large cohort and exhibited more significant peripheral involvement and less functional disability, despite higher values in disease indices.
    Clinical Rheumatology 12/2011; 31(4):687-95. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spondyloarthritides (SpA) can present different disease spectra according to ethnic background. The Brazilian Registry of Spondyloarthritis (RBE) is a nationwide registry that comprises a large databank on clinical, functional, and treatment data on Brazilian patients with SpA. The aim of our study was to analyze the influence of ethnic background in SpA disease patterns in a large series of Brazilian patients. A common protocol of investigation was prospectively applied to 1318 SpA patients in 29 centers distributed through the main geographical regions in Brazil. The group comprised whites (65%), African Brazilians (31.3%), and people of mixed origins (3.7%). Clinical and demographic variables and various disease index scores were compiled. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was the most frequent disease in the group (65.1%); others were psoriatic arthritis (18.3%), undifferentiated SpA (6.8%), enteropathic arthritis (3.7%), and reactive arthritis (3.4%). White patients were significantly associated with psoriasis (p = 0.002), positive HLA-B27 (p = 0.014), and use of corticosteroids (p < 0.0001). Hip involvement (p = 0.02), axial inflammatory pain (p = 0.04), and radiographic sacroiliitis (p = 0.025) were associated with African Brazilian descent. Sex distribution, family history, and presence of peripheral arthritis, uveitis, dactylitis, urethritis, and inflammatory bowel disease were similar in the 3 groups, as well as age at disease onset, time from first symptom until diagnosis, and use of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents (p > 0.05). Schober test and thoracic expansion were similar in the 3 groups, whereas African Brazilians had higher Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Scores (p = 0.005) and decreased lateral lumbar flexion (p = 0.003), while whites had a higher occiput-to-wall distance (p = 0.02). African Brazilians reported a worse patient global assessment of disease (p = 0.011). Other index scores and prevalence of work incapacity were similar in the 3 groups, although African Brazilians had worse performance in the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life questionnaire (p < 0.001). Ethnic background is associated with distinct clinical aspects of SpA in Brazilian patients. African Brazilian patients with SpA have a poorer quality of life and report worse disease compared to whites.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 11/2011; 39(1):141-7. · 3.26 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

541 Citations
131.24 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2014
    • University of Campinas
      • • Faculty of Medical Sciences
      • • Departamento de Clínica Médica
      Conceição de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2013
    • Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
      • Departamento de Medicina Interna
      Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • 2012
    • Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (Unisul)
      Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil
    • Universidade de Fortaleza
      Ceará, Ceará, Brazil
  • 2011
    • Universidade Federal de São Paulo
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
    • Hospital do Base do Distrito Federal
      Brasília, Federal District, Brazil
  • 2010–2011
    • University of São Paulo
      San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil