Annica Johansson

University of Gothenburg, Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden

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Publications (7)20.98 Total impact

  • Article: P1-306
    Alzheimers & Dementia - ALZHEIMERS DEMENT. 01/2006; 2(3).
  • Kaj Blennow, Annica Johansson, Henrik Zetterberg
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    ABSTRACT: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal prion disease characterized by rapid neurodegeneration. The clinical diagnosis is difficult and reliable diagnostic markers are highly desired. Here, we assess the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests for 14-3-3 protein and total tau (T-tau)/phospho-tau (P-tau) ratio among 36 patients with clinically suspected CJD. Nine of the 36 patients had CJD. These cases were all autopsy-proven. The 14-3-3 test was positive in 4 of the 9 CJD cases and falsely positive in 7 of the 27 patients with other diagnoses. The resulting figures for sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 44%, 74%, 36% and 80%, respectively. The best result for distinguishing CJD from other diagnoses was obtained using a combined test for T-tau and T-tau/P-tau ratio and cut-off values of >1,400 pg/ml and >25, respectively. The resulting figures for sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 78%, 93%, 78% and 93%, respectively. The achieved accuracy (89%) was significantly higher than that for the 14-3-3 test (67%; P=0.023). The high predictive values achieved by the combined tau test suggest that it could be used in conjunction with other diagnostic methods for accurate intra vitam diagnosis of CJD.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 12/2005; 16(6):1147-9. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have recently reported that a polymorphism in the cell division cycle (CDC2) gene, designated Ex6 + 7I/D, is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The CDC2 gene is located on chromosome 10q21.1 close to the marker D10S1225 linked to AD. Active cdc2 accumulates in neurons containing neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), a process that can precede the formation of NFT. Therefore, CDC2 is a promising candidate susceptibility gene for AD. We investigated the possible effects of the CDC2 polymorphism on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers in AD patients. CDC2 genotypes were evaluated in relation to CSF protein levels of total tau, phospho-tau and beta-amyloid(1-42) in AD patients and control individuals, and in relation to the amount of senile plaques and NFT in the frontal cortex and in the hippocampus in patients with autopsy-proven AD and controls. The CDC2 Ex6 + 7I allele was associated with a gene dose-dependent increase of CSF total tau levels (F(2, 626) = 7.0, p = 0.001) and the homozygous CDC2 Ex6 + 7II genotype was significantly more frequent among AD patients compared to controls (p = 0.006, OR = 1.57, 95% CI 1.13-2.17). Our results provide further evidence for an involvement of cdc2 in the pathogenesis of AD.
    Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 02/2005; 20(6):367-74. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have described Saitohin(STH), a gene located in the human TAU gene. The corresponding protein shows a similar tissue expression to tau, which is involved in many neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). A single nucleotide polymorphism in the STH gene has been suggested to be involved in sporadic AD and is in complete linkage disequilibrium with the TAU haplotype H1. A case-control study was performed to further explore the possible involvement of the STH Q7R polymorphism and the extended TAU haplotype in AD, FTD or PD. Patients with AD (n = 398), FTD (n = 96) and PD (n = 105), and controls (n = 186) were genotyped for the STH polymorphism and/or the TAU haplotype. Genotype data were related to levels of total-tau, phospho-tau and Abeta(1-42) in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in more than 300 AD patients and to an amount of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the frontal cortex and hippocampus in patients with autopsy-confirmed AD. The STH Q7R polymorphism and the TAU haplotype were in complete linkage disequilibrium in all patients (AD and FTD) and controls investigated for both genes. There were no significant differences in genotype or allele distributions in AD, FTD or PD cases compared to controls. Neither TAU haplotype nor STH influenced CSF levels of total-tau, phospho-tau and Abeta(1-42) significantly. In AD patients with neuropathological scores of plaque and tangles, no associations with TAU haplotype and STH were found. We found no evidence that could support a major pathogenic role of STH and TAU haplotype in AD, FTD or PD.
    Neurodegenerative Diseases 02/2005; 2(1):28-35. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • Neurobiology of Aging 07/2004; 25. · 6.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have suggested that variants of CYP46A1, encoding cholesterol 24-hydroxylase (CYP46), confer risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD), a prospect substantiated by evidence of genetic association from several quantitative traits related to AD pathology, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the 42 amino-acid cleavage product of beta-amyloid (Abeta42) and the tau protein. In the present study, these claims have been explored by the genotyping of previously associated markers in CYP46A1 in three independent northern European case-control series encompassing 1323 individuals and including approximately 400 patients with measurements of CSF Abeta42 and phospho-tau protein levels. Tests of association in case-control models revealed limited evidence that CYP46A1 variants contributed to AD risk across these samples. However, models testing for potential effects upon CSF measures suggested a possible interaction of an intronic marker (rs754203) with age and APOE genotype. In stratified analyses, significant effects were evident that were restricted to elderly APOE epsilon4 carriers for both CSF Abeta42 ( P=0.0009) and phospho-tau ( P=0.046). Computational analyses indicate that the rs754203 marker probably does not impact the binding of regulatory factors, suggesting that other polymorphic sites underlie the observed associations. Our results provide an important independent replication of previous findings, supporting the existence of CYP46A1 sequence variants that contribute to variability in beta-amyloid metabolism.
    Human Genetics 06/2004; 114(6):581-7. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies show linkage between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and two loci on chromosome 10. The cell division cycle 2 (cdc2) gene is located close to one of the chromosome 10 markers, and is a candidate gene for AD since it is involved in the pathogenesis of AD. We sequenced coding exons and flanking intronic sequences and the promoter region on the cdc2 gene and found three new single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We analyzed 272 Caucasian AD cases, 160 controls and 70 cases with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) for these SNPs. Homozygosity for one of the SNPs (Ex6+7I/D) was more frequent in both AD and FTD cases than in controls. In the combined tauopathy (AD and FTD) group the odds ratio (OR) was 1.77 (95% CI 1.19-2.63) for the Ex6+7II genotype. Our findings suggest that the Ex6+7I allele is associated with tauopathies, both AD and FTD.
    Neuroscience Letters 05/2003; 340(1):69-73. · 2.03 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

98 Citations
20.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2005
    • University of Gothenburg
      • Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
      Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden
  • 2004
    • Sahlgrenska University Hospital
      Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden