Xu Lan

Urumqi General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region, Ha-mi-ch’eng-chen, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, China

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Publications (7)0.31 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To analyze the reason of postoperative recurrence of spinal tuberculosis and observe the clinical outcome of these patients in reoperation. From January 2002 to May 2010,27 patients with postoperative recrudescent spinal tuberculosis were treated. There were 15 males and 12 females with an average age of 36.5 years old (ranged, 21 to 65). The risk factors and effect strength associated with postoperative recrudescent spinal tuberculosis were compared by Logistic regression analysis. Individual operation was performed according to the major reason. Re-operative methods including debridment in 5 cases, debridment and sinuses resection in 7 cases, one stage debridement and bone grafting via anterior approach and internal fixation via posterior approach in 8 cases, one stage bone grafting and internal fixation via posterior approach combined with CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage and local chemotherapy in 2 cases, CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage and local chemotherapy in 5 cases. Antituberculosis drugs were regularly used in all patients after operation. The ESR, X-ray and 3D-CT were regularly performed to estimate the progress of tuberculosis and condition of bony fusion. The risk factors associated with postoperative recrudescent spinal tuberculosis were complicated, including no regularly used antituberculosis drugs before and after operation, no early diagnosis and treatment of the postoperative fluidify, malnutrition, no thoroughly debridement during operation and poor spinal stability after operation, according to effect strength to arrange. There was no injury of blood vessel,spinal cord or ureter during reoperation. The follow-up period was from 12 to 36 months with an average of 24 months. Tuberculosis symptoms disappeared after reoperation and no complications such as tuberculosis recurrence, infection of incision, sinuses formation and internal fixation failure were found in the patients. ESR recovered normal in follow-up and bone graft obtained fusion at 8 to 12 months after operation and internal fixation position was normal. The reoperative reasons of spinal tuberculosis are complicated and multifactorial. The diagnosis and treatment are difficult. It is important to analyze the recrudescent reasons thoroughly before operation,emphasize the application of regularly antituberculosis drugs and individual operation, meanwhile, reinforce nourishment and supportive treatment.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 07/2013; 26(7):536-42.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the outcome of the children with thoracic spine tuberculosis who underwent radical debridement, reconstruction with bone autograft or allograft and internal fixation via posterior approach. From June 2005 to December 2010,9 children with thoracic spine tuberculosis underwent radical debridement, reconstruction with bone autograft or allograft and internal fixation via posterior approach including 7 males and 2 females with an average age of 7 years old ranging from 3 to 12 years. The course of the disease ranged from 3 months to 1 year (averaged 6 months). All the patients had continuous thoracic and back pain,intercostal nerve pain and kyphosis deformity, accompanied with low fever,night sweat and pathologic leanness. The predilection sites examined by X-ray, CT or MRI were in T4 to T9 segment. The kyphosis angle ranged from 35 degrees to 72 degrees (averaged 48.2 degrees) before surgery. The ASIA classification was as follows: 2 cases at grade B, 5 at grade C, 2 at grade D. All the patients underwent a standard one-stage operation via posterior approach. Radical debridement was performed, then iliac crest bone autograft or allograft was placed and transpedicular screw system internal fixation was done to reconstruct the spinal column. The change of kyphosis angle and fusion of bone grafting were reexamined by X-ray regularly. The neurological function were evaluated according to ASIA classification. There was no injury of blood vessel or spinal cord during the surgery. Nine children were followed-up for 16 to 38 months (averaged 24 months). The tuberculosis symptoms disappeared after surgery and there was no tuberculosis recurrence,incision infection, sinus formation and internal fixation failure in any of these chiildren. ESR reexamination recovered normally. Bony fusion was obtained in all patients and internal fixation position was normal 4 to 8 month postoperatively. The kyphosis angle ranged from 12 degrees to 30 degrees (averaged 19.50) at final followed-up. The function of spinal cord improved postoperatively, the function of spinal cord recovered at different degrees: 2 cases at grade C, 2 at grade D, and 5 at grade E. The one-stage posterior approach can provide direct and safe access to the lesion. The effect of vertebral canal decompression and kyphosis deformity correction were significantly. The structural iliac crest autograft or allograft and posterior transpedicular screw system could work effectively to stabilize the thoracic junction.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 04/2013; 26(4):320-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the curative effects and complications of Bryan cervical disc replacement for cervical disc herniation. From Jannary 2005 to December 2008,39 patients with cervical disc herniation were treated with Bryan cervical disc replacement. There were 20 males and 19 females,with an average age of 47 years old (ranged, 35 to 59). Spinal compression symptom (20 cases) and nerve root symptom (19 cases) were main clinical symptoms. Single level disc was replaced in 35 cases and two-level replaced in 4 cases. Offset and activity of prosthesis,cervical physiological curvature, heterotopic ossification, prosthetic fusion were observed by dynamic X-ray. According to Odom's standard and JOA score,nerve function were evaluated; and depending on NDI standard,clinical symptom and daily function status were recorded. All the patients were followed up from 16 to 36 months with an average of 24 months. Nerve function obviously improved and radiating pain of upper limb completely relieved. No patient with prosthetic anterior-posterior offset more than 2 mm was found. Prosthetic flexion and extention angle was (8.5+-1.8)degrees,left and right flexion range respectively were (3.5+/-1.2)degrees and (3.3+/-1.5)degrees. Cervical physiological curvature improved obviously or recovered normally. Three cases occurred in heterotopic ossification and 2 cases occurred in prosthetic fusion. According to Odom's standard,25 cases got an excellent results,9 good, 5 fair, the rate of excellent and good was 87.2%. JOA score increased from preoperative (8.26+/-1.32) to (15.71+/-1.89) at final follow-up and NDI decreased from preoperative (43.7+/-3.8) to (20.1+/-2.9) at final follow-up. Treatment of cervical disc herniation with Bryan cervical disc replacement can get the good curative effects,which can obtain good nerve functional recovery,cervical stability and activity. Nevertheless,the operation has typical complication such as heterotopic ossification and prosthetic fusion. Thus,it is important in chosing indication and operative procedure.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 03/2013; 26(3):182-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the outcome of radical debridement, reconstruction with bone autograft or allograft and plate internal fixation via the anterior approach for the treatment of cervicothoracic tuberculosis. From Jun. 2000 to Dec. 2010, 20 patients with cervicothoracic tuberculosis were treated by debridement and bone grafting with internal fixation via the anterior approach. They included 17 males and 3 females who ranged in age from 25 to 46 years (mean 38 years). The course of disease ranged from 3 months to 2 years (mean 12 months). The onset of the disease was chronic in all patients, with main complaints of persistent pain, and cervical stiffness and deformity accompanied with low fever,night sweating and pathologic leanness. Preoperative X-ray, CT or MRI showed that the pathologic change occurred in C7-T1 segment in 10 cases, T1 segment in 6 cases, T1-T3 segment in 3 cases,and T2-T3 segment in 1 case. The Cobb angle ranged from 25 degrees to 60 degrees (mean 35 degrees) before surgery. The Frankel classification was as follows: 2 cases at grade A, 4 cases at grade B, 7 cases at grade C, 2 cases at grade D, and 5 cases at grade E. All the patients underwent a standard cervical approach by combined partial median steotomy and transverse steotomy through the synostosis between the manubrium and body of the sternum to expose the lesion adequately. Radical debridement was performed, and then a tricortical iliac crest bone autograft or allograft was placed and secured by internal fixation to reconstruct the spinal column. The change in Cobb angle and fusion of bone grafting were reexamined by X-ray regularly. The clinical symptoms and neurological function were evaluated according to NDI (neck disability index) score and Frankel classification. There was no injury to blood vessels, spinal cord or recurrent nerve during surgery. All patients were followed-up from 16 to 39 (mean 25) months. The tuberculosis symptoms disappeared after surgery and there was no tuberculosis recurrence,incision infection, sinus formation and internal fixation failure in any of these patients. ESR re-examination recovered normally. Bony fusion was obtained in all patients and internal fixation position was normal at 3 to 6 month postoperatively. The Cobb angle ranged from 10 degrees to 16 degrees (mean 12 degrees) and NDI was reduced from (48.2 +/- 2.9) to (22.5 +/- 3.1) at the final followed-up. Except for 2 patients at grade A showing no recovery preoperatively, the Frankel classification of the other patients raised 1.5 grade on average at the final followed-up, and the nerve function of the spinal cord recovered at different degrees: 2 at grade A, 1 at grade B, 1 at grade C, 3 at grade D, and 13 at grade E. The anterior approach can provide direct and safe access to the lesion. The decompression effect of the vertebral canal is significant. The structural iliac crest autograft or allograft and anterior instrumentation could work effectively to stabilize the cervicothoracic junction.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 04/2012; 25(4):291-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of various methods of cryopreservation on the bioactivity of tissue engineered bone. MSCs were cocultured with partialy deproteinised bone to produce tissue engineered bone. The experiment was divided into A, B, C and D group. Group A: Tissue engineered bone was stored in preservation solution with cryopreservation medium. Group B: Tissue engineered bone was stored in preservation solution without cryopreservation medium. Group C: Tissue engineered bone was stored without cryopreservation. Group D: MSCs were cultured without cryopreservation. The tissue engineered bone of group A and B had been cryopreserved at -80 degrees C for three months and thawed three months later. The electronic scanning microscope was used to evaluate the adhesion and distribution of MSCs, cell viability was measured by MTT, ALP activity was detected by p-nitrophosphate, cell cycle was analysed by flow cytometry. MSCs could adhere to the surface of the material and distribute in the hole of material. The cell viability of MSCs adhered to the material was C > A > B group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The ALP activity of MSCs adhered to material was C > A > B group (P < 0.01). The cell cycles of different groups did not change significantly; the abnormal cells were not observed. The choice of proper cryopreservative solution could optimize the bioactivity of tissue engineered bone.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 01/2008; 21(1):49-51.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of bio-derived bones, as substitutes of autogenous bone grafts and demineralized cadaver bones, on the attachment, spreading and proliferation of isolated osteoblasts. Osteoblasts were isolated from the calvaria of a fetal rabbit through sequential collagenase digestion. In the attachment study, the osteoblasts labeled with 3H-leucine were incubated with the bio-derived bone materials in sterile microcentrifugable tubes for 15, 90 and 180 minutes, and 24 hours, respectively. The attached cells were collected and the radioactivity was measured with liquid scintillation spectrometry. In the proliferation study, the osteoblasts were cultured with the bio-derived bone materials for 24 hours and 3H-thymidine was added during the last 2 hours of the incubation. The attached cells were collected and the radioactivity was measured with liquid scintillation spectrometry. Osteoblasts were seeded on the bone graft materials for 60 or 120 minutes, 24 or 48 hours, and 3 or 7 days, then the co-culture was processed for scanning electron microscopy to observe the interaction of osteoblasts and the bio-derived bone materials. Osteoblasts attached to the bio-derived bone materials in a time-dependent manner. There were significantly (P<0.05) more attached cells after 180 minutes than after 15 and 90 minutes of incubations (P<0.05). Osteoblasts were proliferated in a large amount on the surface and in the materials. Osteoblasts seeded onto 100 mg bio-derived bones resulted in significantly (P<0.05) more measurable proliferation than those seeded onto 10 mg bones. Osteoblasts appeared round as they attached to the materials, then flattened and spread over with time passing. Bio-derived bones can provide a good environment for the attachment and proliferation of osteoblasts.
    Chinese Journal of Traumatology (English Edition) 05/2005; 8(2):86-90.
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the outcome of the patients with cervicothoracic tuberculosis who underwent radical debridement, reconstruction with bone autograft or allograft, and plate internal fixation via anterior approach. From June 2000 to December 2010, 20 patients with tuberculosis in cervicothoracic junction underwent a standard cervical approach, which was combined with a partial median osteotomy and transverse osteotomy through the synostosis between the manubrium and body of the sternum to expose the lesion adequately. Radical debridement was performed, then tricortical iliac crest bone autograft or allograft was placed and internal fixation was done to reconstruct the spinal column. The pathologic change regions were as follows: 10 in the C7-T1 segment, 6 in the T1 segment, 3 in the T1-T3 segment, and 1 in the T2-T3 segment. The classifications of Frankel were as follows: 2 at grade A, 4 at grade B, 7 at grade C, 2 at grade D, and 5 at grade E. There was no injury of blood vessel, spinal cord, or recurrent nerve during the surgery. The follow-up period ranged approximately 16 to 39 months. Bony fusion was obtained in all patients, and there was no internal fixation failure and tuberculosis recurrence in any of these patients. The nerve function of the spinal cord recovered at different degrees: 2 at grade A, 1 at grade B, 1 at grade C, 3 at grade D, and 13 at grade E. The anterior approach can provide direct and safe access to the lesion. The structural iliac crest autograft or allograft and anterior instrumentation could work effectively to stabilize the cervicothoracic junction.
    International surgery 96(4):358-62. · 0.31 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1 Citation
0.31 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Urumqi General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Region
      Ha-mi-ch’eng-chen, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, China
  • 2012–2013
    • Lanzhou General Hospital
      Kao-lan-hsien, Gansu Sheng, China
  • 2008
    • Wuhan General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2005
    • Sichuan University
      • Laboratory of Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China