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ABSTRACT: A 72-year-old right handed man developed right homonymous hemianopia without macular sparing, left homonymous lower quadranopia with macular sparing, cerebral amblyopia, cerebral achromatopsia, impaired form vision, and mild right hemispatial neglect, after multiple cerebral infarctions, involving bilateral occipital cortices. His intelligence and memory were deteriorated moderately. He failed to notice objects located in the affected visual field, because of his severely impaired visual search. When ordinary lighting was used, he showed severe right-sided omissions on the line cancellation test. However, omissions were less marked under the brighter lighting. By using a modified method of Kerkhoff and Vianen (1994), he was trained to make saccadic eye movements toward affected regions to find a target and to search and point at targets arranged randomly. As the sensitivity for contrast of isoluminante red and green stimuli was preserved well at high spatial frequencies despite the decreaced contrast sensitivity for brightness, we used green targets as the training stimuli. After the training, search field and pointing range that could be covered by the patient increased in size for both green and white targets, and daily activities improved. Moreover, after the training, he no longer showed discrepancy in line cancellation performances between ordinary and brighter lighting conditions. In the follow up period, the search field and the performance on the line cancellation test were maintained, while the performance of pointing targets array declined. The family members complained of mild re-deterioration of daily activities. Then, the training for searching and pointing re-introduced at home. After the training, his pointing performance and daily activities, evaluated by questionnaires to his family members, improved again. In conclusion, it was suggested that disordered visual search after a homonymous field defect can be treated effectively, even if multiple visual dysfunctions were associated.
Nō to shinkei = Brain and nerve 06/2004; 56(5):403-13.