Françoise Galateau-Sallé

University of British Columbia - Vancouver, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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Publications (51)158.76 Total impact

  • European heart journal. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Although major concerns exist regarding the potential consequences of human exposure to nanoparticles (NP), no human toxicological data is currently available. To address this issue, we took welders, who present various adverse respiratory outcomes, as a model population of occupational exposure to NP.The aim of this study was to evaluate if welding fume-issued NP could be responsible, at least partially, in the lung alterations observed in welders.
    Particle and Fibre Toxicology 05/2014; 11(1):23. · 9.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Well-differentiated papillary mesotheliomas (WDPMs) are usually encountered as incidental findings in the peritoneal cavity in women. Most WDPMs are benign, and the histologic features that indicate a more aggressive course are controversial. We report 20 cases of WDPM, which contained invasive foci. Thirteen cases arose in the peritoneal cavity, 1 in a hernia sac, 3 in the pleural cavity, and 3 in hydroceles. The female:male ratio was 16:4, and age range was 7 to 74 years. Tumor was multifocal in 15 cases. Some tumors showed back-to-back papillae, a pattern mimicking invasion but discernible on pan-keratin stain as compressive crowding. True invasive patterns ranged from simple bland-appearing glands invading the stalks of the papillae to solid foci of invasive tumor of higher cytologic grade than the original WDPM. All 5 tested cases were negative for p16 deletion by fluorescence in situ hybridization, but 2/3 had abnormal karyotypes. Recurrences were seen in 8 patients, and in 4 multiple recurrences were documented. Of 16 patients with follow-up, 14 are alive from periods of 6 months to 6 years (average 3.5 y), and 2 have known recurrent disease. One patient died of disseminated tumor at 8 years but without histologic confirmation of the nature of the tumor. We conclude that WDPM with invasive foci in the papillae appear to be prone to multifocality and recurrence, but that they rarely give rise to life-threatening disease. We suggest that these lesions be called WDPM with invasive foci to alert clinicians to the possibility of recurrence.
    The American journal of surgical pathology 03/2014; · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Noninfectious ascending aortitis is a very rare cause of ascending aortic aneurysm. We report a case of the truly fortuitous finding of this rare condition in a 67-year-old man operated on for an ascending aortic aneurysm associated with dystrophic aortic valve regurgitation. Intraoperative inspection revealed dissection of the aorta just above the left main coronary artery. A modified Bentall operation was performed. The pathological diagnosis was giant cell arteritis.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 03/2014; 22(3):342-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The struggle against social inequalities is a priority for many international organizations. The objective of the study was to quantify the cancer burden related to social deprivation by identifying the cancer sites linked to socioeconomic status and measuring the proportion of cases associated with social deprivation. The study population comprised 68 967 cases of cancer diagnosed between 1997 and 2009 in Normandy and collected by the local registries. The social environment was assessed at an aggregated level using the European Deprivation Index (EDI). The association between incidence and socioeconomic status was assessed by a Bayesian Poisson model and the excess of cases was calculated with the Population Attributable Fraction (PAF). For lung, lips-mouth-pharynx and unknown primary sites, a higher incidence in deprived was observed for both sexes. The same trend was observed in males for bladder, liver, esophagus, larynx, central nervous system and gall-bladder and in females for cervix uteri. The largest part of the incidence associated with deprivation was found for cancer of gall-bladder (30.1%), lips-mouth-pharynx (26.0%), larynx (23.2%) and esophagus (19.6%) in males and for unknown primary sites (18.0%) and lips-mouth-pharynx (12.7%) in females. For prostate cancer and melanoma in males, the sites where incidence increased with affluence, the part associated with affluence was respectively 9.6% and 14.0%. Beyond identifying cancer sites the most associated with social deprivation, this kind of study points to health care policies that could be undertaken to reduce social inequalities.
    BMC Cancer 02/2014; 14(1):87. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesothelioma is a rare disease less than 0.3% of cancers in France, very aggressive and resistant to the majority of conventional therapies. Asbestos exposure is nearly the only recognized cause of mesothelioma in men observed in 80% of case. In 1990, the projections based on mortality predicted a raise of incidence in mesothelioma for the next three decades. Nowadays, the diagnosis of this cancer is based on pathology, but the histological presentation frequently heterogeneous, is responsible for numerous pitfalls and major problems of early detection toward effective therapy. Facing such a diagnostic, epidemiological and medico-legal context, a national and international multidisciplinary network has been progressively set up in order to answer to epidemiological survey, translational or academic research questions. Moreover, in response to the action of the French Cancer Program (action 23.1) a network of pathologists was organized for expert pathological second opinion using a standardized procedure of certification for mesothelioma diagnosis. We describe the network organization and show the results during this last 15years period of time from 1998-2013. These results show the major impact on patient's management, and confirm the interest of this second opinion to provide accuracy of epidemiological data, quality of medico-legal acknowledgement and accuracy of clinical diagnostic for the benefit of patients. We also show the impact of these collaborative efforts for creating a high quality clinicobiological, epidemiological and therapeutic data collection for improvement of the knowledge of this dramatic disease.
    Annales de Pathologie 02/2014; 34(1):51-63. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite research efforts to develop more effective diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) prognosis remains poor. The assessment of tumor response to therapy can be improved by a deeper phenotypical classification of the tumor, with emphasis on its clinico-biological heterogeneity. The identification of molecular profiles is a powerful approach to better define MPM subclasses and targeted therapies. Molecular subclasses were defined by transcriptomic microarray on 38 primary MPM cultures. A three-gene predictor, identified by quantitative RT-PCR, was used to classify an independent series of 108 frozen tumor samples. Gene mutations were determined in BAP1, CDKN2A, CDKN2B, NF2 and TP53. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers were studied at the mRNA and protein levels. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering on transcriptomic data defined two robust MPM subgroups (C1 and C2), closely related to prognosis and partly to histological subtypes. All sarcomatoid/desmoplastic MPM were included in the C2 subgroup. Epithelioid MPM were found in both subgroups, with a worse survival prognosis in the C2 subgroup. This classification and its association with histological subtypes and survival were validated in our independent series using the three-gene predictor. Similar subgroups were found after classification of other MPM series from transcriptomic public datasets. C1 subgroup exhibited more frequent BAP1 alterations. Pathway analysis revealed that EMT was differentially regulated between MPM subgroups. C2 subgroup is characterized by a mesenchymal phenotype. A robust classification of MPM that defines two subgroups of epithelioid MPM, characterized by different molecular profiles, gene alterations and survival outcomes, was established.
    Clinical Cancer Research 01/2014; · 7.84 Impact Factor
  • Arthritis & Rheumatology 08/2013; · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: More than 80% of mesothelioma cases in men are attributable to occupational asbestos exposure compared to only 40% in women. The objective of the study was to characterize a series of female pleural mesotheliomas according to known and suspected risk factors. From the exhaustive recording of 318 female mesothelioma cases in the French National Mesothelioma Surveillance Program between 1998 and 2009, multiple correspondence analysis and hybrid clustering were performed to characterize these cases according to expert assessed occupational and non-occupational exposure to asbestos and man-made vitreous fibers, X-ray exposure, and history of cancer and non-malignant respiratory diseases. Four clusters were identified: (1) occupational exposure to asbestos and man-made vitreous fibers (7.9% of subjects); (2) radiation exposure during radiotherapy (12.9%); (3) increased asbestos exposure (19.8%); and (4) "non-exposure" characteristics (59.4%). These results will allow hypotheses to be generated about associations between mesothelioma and non-occupational asbestos exposure, X-ray exposure and history of respiratory disease. Am. J. Ind. Med. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine 08/2013; · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • Françoise Galateau-Sallé
    Annales de Pathologie 08/2013; 33(4):263-9. · 0.24 Impact Factor
  • European journal of dermatology : EJD. 06/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Results of bilobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer have rarely been studied. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with non-small cell lung cancer having undergone bilobectomy from January 1999 to June 2012 at our institution. Analysis aimed at determining perioperative mortality and morbidity, and at studying prognostic factors for long-term survival using the 7th TNM classification. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients (85 males; mean age 62 years) underwent upper-middle bilobectomy (n = 54) or lower-middle bilobectomy (n = 49). Histologic examination revealed 51 adenocarcinomas, 43 squamous cell carcinomas and 9 other cell carcinomas. Perioperative mortality was 0.97%. The overall morbidity rate was 71%, whereas the rate of life-threatening complications was 9.6%. Complications were more frequent in men (p = 0.032), in patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive diseases (p = 0.030) and after lower-middle bilobectomy (p = 0.0016). The overall 5-year Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 57.8%. In univariate analysis, factors associated with increased survival were the following: pathologic stage (stage I 74.9%, stage II 64.1%, stage III 28.8%, p = 0.0018); nodal status (N0 vs N1, p = 0.011; N0 vs N2, p = 0.0015; N0 vs N+, p = 0.0008); R status (R0 vs R1, p = 0.0032), and smoking status (past smoker or nonsmoker vs active smoker, p = 0.00054). Multivariate analysis revealed that active smokers (RR = 3.87, CI 95% [1.83 to 8.21]; p = 0.00042) and increasing stage (stage 0: RR=1; stage I: RR = 1.98, CI 95% [1.38 to 2.83]; stage II: RR = 3.90, CI 95% [1.90 to 8.02]; stage III: RR=7.72, CI 95% [2.62 to 22.73]; stage IV: RR = 15.25, CI 95% [3.61 to 64.40]; p = 0.0042) were significantly associated with poorer survival. CONCLUSIONS: Bilobectomy can be performed with low mortality, acceptable morbidity and long term survival in accordance with TNM staging.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 04/2013; · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Philippe Icard, Maxime Heyndrickx, Françoise Galateau-Salle, Yves Resnik
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    ABSTRACT: A 27-year-old man was referred with typical features of severe Cushing's syndrome. A bilateral adrenalectomy was performed. Three months later, a triangular nodular mediastinal enlargement, evocative of a right anterior thymic tumor, was discovered. Thymectomy was undertaken. Histological examination revealed diffuse thymic hyperplasia with negative immunostaining for adrenocorticotropic hormone. Five years later, a right endobronchial tumor corresponding to a carcinoid tumor was removed.
    Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 04/2013; 21(2):224-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Given the interest in defining biomarkers of asbestos exposure and to provide insights into asbestos-related and cell-specific mechanisms of neoplasia, the identification of gene alterations in asbestos-related cancers can help to a better understanding of exposure risk. To understand the aetiology of asbestos-induced malignancies and to increase our knowledge of mesothelial carcinogenesis, we compared genetic alterations in relevant cancer genes between lung cancer, induced by asbestos and tobacco smoke, and malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), a cancer related to asbestos, but not to tobacco smoke. TP53, KRAS, EGFR and NF2 gene alteration analyses were performed in 100 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, 50 asbestos-exposed and 50 unexposed patients, matched for age, gender, histology and smoking habits. Detailed assessment of asbestos exposure was based on both specific questionnaires and asbestos body quantification in lung tissue. Genetic analyses were also performed in 34 MPM patients. TP53, EGFR and KRAS mutations were found in NSCLC with no link with asbestos exposure. NF2 was only altered in MPM. Significant enhancement of TP53 G:C to T:A transversions was found in NSCLC from asbestos-exposed patients when compared with unexposed patients (P = 0.037). Interestingly, TP53 polymorphisms in intron 7 (rs12947788 and rs12951053) were more frequently identified in asbestos-exposed NSCLC (P = 0.046) and MPM patients than in unexposed patients (P < 0.001 and P = 0.012, respectively). These results emphasise distinct genetic alterations between asbestos-related thoracic tumours, but identify common potential susceptibility factors, i.e. single nucleotide polymorphisms in intron 7 of TP53. While genetic changes in NSCLC are dominated by the effects of tobacco smoke, the increase of transversions in TP53 gene is consistent with a synergistic effect of asbestos. These results may help to define cell-dependent mechanisms of action of asbestos and identify susceptibility factors to asbestos.
    Mutagenesis 02/2013; · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The association between pleural plaques and pleural mesothelioma remains controversial. The present study was designed to examine the association between pleural plaques on computed tomography (CT) scan and the risk of pleural mesothelioma in a follow-up study of asbestos-exposed workers.Methods Retired or unemployed workers previously occupationally exposed to asbestos were invited to participate in a screening program for asbestos-related diseases, including CT scan, organized between October 2003 and December 2005 in four regions in France. Randomized, independent, double reading of CT scans by a panel of seven chest radiologists focused on benign asbestos-related abnormalities. A 7-year follow-up study was conducted in the 5287 male subjects for whom chest CT scan was available. Annual determination of the number of subjects eligible for free medical care because of pleural mesothelioma was carried out. Diagnosis certification was obtained from the French mesothelioma panel of pathologists. Survival regression based on the Cox model was used to estimate the risk of pleural mesothelioma associated with pleural plaques, with age as the main time variable and time-varying exposure variables, namely duration of exposure, time since first exposure, and cumulative exposure index to asbestos. All statistical tests were two-sided.ResultsA total of 17 incident cases of pleural mesothelioma were diagnosed. A statistically significant association was observed between mesothelioma and pleural plaques (unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 8.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0 to 26.5; adjusted HR = 6.8, 95% CI = 2.2 to 21.4 after adjustment for time since first exposure and cumulative exposure index to asbestos).Conclusion The presence of pleural plaques may be an independent risk factor for pleural mesothelioma.
    CancerSpectrum Knowledge Environment 01/2013; · 14.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Mesothelial hyperplasia (MH) and fibrosing pleuritis (FP) can be difficult to distinguish from epithelioid (MM-E) and sarcomatoid (MM-S) malignant pleural mesotheliomas. GLUT-1 has shown variable results regarding its sensitivity and specificity when used to evaluate mesothelial proliferations. We evaluated the utility of GLUT-1 immunostaining in differentiating MH and FP from MM-E and MM-S. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, diagnostically well-characterized cases (MH = 31, FP = 29, MM-E = 41, MM-S = 29) were collected and manually stained for GLUT-1. All slides were visually scored by 2 pathologists; using the following system: 0%, 1+ 1-25%, 2+ 26-50% and 3+ > 51% cells staining. Results All benign cases (n = 60) were negative for GLUT-1 while 45 of 78 (58%) MM [21 of 41 (50%) MM-E, 21 of 29 (72%) MM-S and 3 of 3 biphasic mesothelioma (100%)] had 1+ to 3+ staining. Of the MM-E, 10 had 1+, and 11 had 2+ staining; of the MM-S 3 had 1+, 15 had 2+ and 3 had 3+ staining. Both sarcomatoid and epithelioid components of the 3 biphasic mesotheliomas revealed 1+ staining. All 5 desmoplastic MM were negative. Conclusions Positive staining with GLUT-1 is helpful since it is present in half of MM-E and three-quarter of MM-S. Although all reactive mesothelial lesions were negative, the absence of immunoreactivity does not exclude the diagnosis of MM. As with all IHC stains used for diagnostic purposes, GLUT-1 has to be a part of a panel, and the results interpreted in the context of clinical, radiological and histological findings.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 01/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • Françoise Galateau-Sallé
    Annales de Pathologie 01/2013; 33(4):263–269. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES To analyse statistical aspects of mortality, morbidity and survival after bilobectomy (BT), an operation rarely studied in the literature.METHODS One hundred and ten cases were studied, comprising 58 upper-middle bilobectomies and 52 lower-middle bilobectomies performed between 1999 and 2010. Indications were of 9 benign diseases, 12 carcinoid tumours, 5 metastases and 84 non-small cell lung cancers (2 stage 0; 34 stage I; 22 stage II; 25 stage III and 1 stage IV).RESULTSMortality was nil. Twenty-six percent of patients experienced significant morbidity, influenced in multivariate analysis by the presence of three or more comorbidities (P = 0.03) and by a forced expiratory volume in 1 s of <60% (P = 0.01). Lower-middle BT was associated with more postoperative complications than upper-middle BT (P = 0.012). The 5-year survival rate of patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma was 82% in stage I, 59% in stage II and 20% in stage IIIA. Survival was significantly influenced by stage (P = 0.0018) and tobacco weaning (P = 0.0012).CONCLUSIONSBT can be achieved with low mortality, and survival results that are comparable with those unregistered after standard lobectomy. However, almost one quarter of patients experienced significant postoperative complications. Surgical techniques aiming to reduce residual pleural space should be especially considered after lower-middle BT, due to the highest morbidity being associated with this procedure.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 11/2012; · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • QJM: monthly journal of the Association of Physicians 10/2012; · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • Andrew Churg, Francoise Galateau-Salle
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    ABSTRACT: The separation of benign from malignant mesothelial proliferations is crucial to patient management but is often a difficult problem for the pathologist. To review the pathologic features that allow separation of benign from malignant mesothelioma proliferations, with an emphasis on new findings. Literature review and experience of the authors. Invasion is still the most reliable indicator of malignancy. The distribution and amount of proliferating mesothelial cells are important in separating benignity from malignancy, and keratin stains can be valuable because they highlight the distribution of mesothelial cells. Hematoxylin-eosin examination remains the gold standard, and the role of immunochemistry is extremely controversial; we believe that at present there is no reliable immunohistochemical marker of malignancy in this setting. Mesothelioma in situ is a diagnosis that currently cannot be accurately made by any type of histologic examination. Desmoplastic mesotheliomas are characterized by downward growth of keratin-positive spindled cells between S100-positive fat cells; some cases of organizing pleuritis can mimic involvement of fat, but these fat-like spaces are really S100-negative artifacts aligned parallel to the pleural surface. Fluorescence in situ hybridization on tissue sections to look for homozygous p16 gene deletions is occasionally useful, but many mesotheliomas do not show homozygous p16 deletions. Equivocal biopsy specimens should be diagnosed as atypical mesothelial hyperplasia and another biopsy requested if the clinicians believe the process is malignant.
    Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 10/2012; 136(10):1217-26. · 2.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

407 Citations
158.76 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • 2010–2012
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 2007
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nancy
      • Département Urologie
      Nancy, Lorraine, France
  • 2004–2007
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France