[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In Fabry disease, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and severe neurologic and cardiac complications represent the leading causes of late morbidity and mortality. A comprehensive Italian nationwide survey study was conducted to explore changes in cardiac status and renal allograft function in Fabry patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT) and enzyme replacement therapy (ERT).
This study was designed as a cross-sectional survey study with prospective follow-up. Of the 34 patients identified via searches in registries, 31 males and 2 females who received RRT and ERT (agalsidase beta in 30 patients, agalsidase alpha in 3) were included. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI), interventricular septal thickness at end diastole (IVSD), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT) and renal allograft function were assessed at ERT baseline and subsequently at yearly intervals.
The patients in the dialysis and transplant groups had been started on dialysis at age 42.0 and 37.1 years (mean), respectively, and patients in the transplant group received their renal allograft at age 39.8 years (mean). The mean age at the start of ERT was similar, 44.1 and 44.6 years, respectively. The mean RRT follow-up was 61.1 and 110.6 months for dialysis and transplant patients, respectively, whereas the ERT duration was 45.1 and 48.4 months, respectively. Cardiac parameters increased in dialysis patients. In transplant patients, mean LVMI seemed to plateau during agalsidase therapy at a lower level as compared to baseline. Decline in renal allograft function was relatively mild (-1.92 ml/min/year). Agalsidase therapy was well tolerated. Serious ERT-unrelated events occurred more often in the dialysis group.
Kidney transplantation should be the standard of care for Fabry patients progressing towards ESRD. Transplanted Fabry patients on ERT may do better than patients remaining on maintenance dialysis. Larger, controlled studies in Fabry patients with ESRD will have to demonstrate if ERT is able to change the trajectory of cardiac disease and can preserve graft renal function.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We sought to assess the safety and efficacy of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human-alpha-galactosidase A (rh-alpha-Gal A) in kidney transplant recipients with Fabry disease, a previously unstudied population.
Three male kidney transplant recipients with biochemically, genetically, and histologically confirmed Fabry disease and documented Fabry myocardiopathy received the rh-alpha-Gal A, agalsidase beta, 1 mg/kg of body weight every 2 weeks by intravenous infusion and were monitored biochemically, clinically, and electrocardiographically and echocardiographically for 18 months.
Patients showed biochemical, clinical/functional, and morphologic response to ERT. Plasma globotriaosylceramide decreased 23% to 50%. Extremity pain resolved within 2 months in the patient with this manifestation. On echocardiography, left ventricular mass, end diastolic diameter (EDD), and cardiac contractility, shown by ejection fraction (EF), improved in 2 of the 3 patients receiving essentially all planned infusions. EDD and EF remained basically stable, but cardiac morphologic abnormalities progressed in the other patient, who had a 5-month interruption in ERT after the initial month. Mild mitral insufficiency persisted in all patients, as did atrial fibrillation in the affected individual. After a combined total of 116 infusions, no treatment-related adverse event, intolerance, or seroconversion was seen. Renal function remained stable and the immunosuppression regimen unchanged in all patients.
Our pilot study provides preliminary evidence that ERT with agalsidase beta, 1 mg/kg every 2 weeks, is safe and often effective against extra-renal manifestations in kidney transplant patients with Fabry disease. Studies with longer courses of this and higher doses of ERT are merited in this population.
Kidney International 05/2004; 65(4):1381-5. DOI:10.1111/j.1523-1755.2004.00514.x · 8.56 Impact Factor