Well-ordered, two-dimensional, amalgamation-type J-aggregates consisting of two different kinds of structurally analogous anionic cyanine dyes were self-assembled on an amino-functionalized Au(111) electrode surface. Similar binary J-aggregates, though considerably less ordered in either one- or three-dimensional structure, could also be grown easily in a concentrated ( approximately 1.5 M) aqueous solution of NaCl. These binary J-aggregates are characterized by a singly peaked J-band associated with a unique molecular exciton shared by the two different dye components coherently. This cooperative binary excitonic state can live with substantial (more than 0.1 eV) energy gaps between the HOMO (highest occupied molecular orbital) and LUMO (lowest unoccupied molecular orbital) levels of the two dyes mixed together. These energy gaps allow the binary exciton to relax very rapidly to an intra-aggregate charge-separated state in good competition with the metal-induced quenching of the excited-state energy. The enhanced charge separation leads to a high-efficiency photocurrent generation with a simple binary J-aggregate-coated Au(111) electrode in a reversible redox solution and results in strong quenching of the fluorescence from the corresponding aggregate grown in solution free from substrate-induced quenching.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 01/2007; 110(48):24480-5. DOI:10.1021/jp065598x · 3.38 Impact Factor