[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Neurodermatitis is a common chronic skin disease. Although not life-threatening, it can produce an important psychosocial burden, sleep disturbance and sexual dysfunction. Patients with neurodermatitis tend to have poor social skills or interpersonal resources and a lack of flexibility. However quality of life (QoL) of patients with neurodermatitis has seldom investigated. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of neurodermatitis on patients' QoL using the Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaire, and assess its feasibility and internal consistency. Methods: One hundred and fifty consecutive outpatients seeking treatment for neurodermatitis and 250 patients with psoriasis in the Department of Dermatology, the Second Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, were assessed for eligibility for this prospective study from July 1, 2011 to September 30, 2011. Demographic data and disease-related characteristics were collected. Results: The overall mean DLQI score for neurodermatits (9.34) was lower than that for psoriasis (13.32) (P < 0.001). Patients with neurodermatitis scored significantly lower for all items except Q1 (symptoms) and Q9 (sexual difficulties). No strong relationship between disease-related characteristics and quality of life could be found. The inter-item correlation averaged 0.415 and Cronbach's alpha was 0.889, indicating high internal consistency. Conclusion: This is the first study to attempt to measure the impact of neurodermatitis for both male and female patients on QoL. Neurodermatitis moderately affected the QoL of the patients.
International journal of medical sciences 01/2013; 10(5):593-8. · 2.07 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In current study, a water-soluble polysaccharide (GP-I), with a molecular mass of 33 kDa, was purified from Gynostemma pentaphyllum. Gas chromatography (GC) analysis suggested that it was composed of Glc, Gal, Man, Rha and Ara with a ratio of 5.3: 4.2: 3.0: 0.7: 0.8. The GP-I (25, 50, 100, 200 and 400 μg/ml) was found to have significant anti-proliferative effects on HaCat cells in a dose-dependent manner, as measured by MTT assay. On the contrary, Trypan blue exclusion experiment indicated that GP-I had no cytotoxicity to HaCat cells. Moreover, the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in GP-I treated cells was also observed, indicating apoptosis in HaCat cells. Besides, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a vital pro-inflammatory cytokine in psoriasis, in the supernatant of HaCat cells was dramatically reduced by GP-I. Collectively, these findings suggested that GP-I was a promising agent to be developed for psoriasis treatment in clinical therapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two acidic polysaccharides (GP-B1 and GP-C1) were obtained from Gynostemma pentaphyllum. The molecular weights (Mw) of the two fractions were 79 kDa for GP-B1 and 126 kDa for GP-C1. GP-B1 was composed of Gal, Ara, Man, Rha, Xyl, Glc, GalA and GlcA in a molar ration of 3.5:3.2:0.6:0.9:0.3:0.5:0.6:0.4. GP-C1 consisted of Gal, Ara, Man, Rha, Glc, and GlcA in the proportions of 2.1:1.0:0.3:0.5:0.4:0.9. Among them, GP-B1 treatment had a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of melanoma B16 in vivo and in vitro. Meanwhile GP-B1 could increase the relative spleen weight and stimulate the splenocyte proliferation alone or combined with ConA. Moreover, GP-B1 treatment induced an evident increase in the level of serum TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-12 and a reduction for IL-10 production. These results indicate that the antitumor effects of GP-B1 are associated with immunostimulation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Demodex has been considered to be related with multiple skin disorders, but controversy persists. In this case-control study, a survey was conducted with 860 dermatosis patients aged 12 to 84 years in Xi'an, China to identify the association between facial dermatosis and Demodex. Amongst the patients, 539 suffered from facial dermatosis and 321 suffered from non-facial dermatosis. Demodex mites were sampled and examined using the skin pressurization method. Multivariate regression analysis was applied to analyze the association between facial dermatosis and Demodex infestation, and to identify the risk factors of Demodex infestation. The results showed that total detection rate of Demodex was 43.0%. Patients aged above 30 years had higher odds of Demodex infestation than those under 30 years. Compared to patients with neutral skin, patients with mixed, oily, or dry skin were more likely to be infested with Demodex (odds ratios (ORs) were 2.5, 2.4, and 1.6, respectively). Moreover, Demodex infestation was found to be statistically associated with rosacea (OR=8.1), steroid-induced dermatitis (OR=2.7), seborrheic dermatitis (OR=2.2), and primary irritation dermatitis (OR=2.1). In particular, ORs calculated from the severe infestation (≥5 mites/cm(2)) rate were significantly higher than those of the total rate. Therefore, we concluded that Demodex is associated with rosacea, steroid-induced dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and primary irritation dermatitis. The rate of severe infestation is found to be more correlated with various dermatosis than the total infestation rate. The risk factors of Demodex infestation, age, and skin types were identified. Our study also suggested that good hygiene practice might reduce the chances of demodicosis and Demodex infestation.
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 12/2011; 12(12):1008-15. · 1.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the expression of integrin beta1 in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and explore the relationship between stem cell marker and SCC.
The expressions of integrin beta1 in SCC tissues and SCC cell strain A431 were detected with immunohistochemical methods and cell staining method. The differentiation of SCC cells were induced with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). The changes of integrin beta1 levels before and after induction were detected with RT-PCR.
In highly differentiated SCC tissues, integrin beta1 was constantly expressed in the basal-like cells in the edge of tumor; some cells inside arranged as island also showed positive integrin beta1 expression. In poorly differentiated SCC tissues, island-like integrin beta1-positive cells remarkably increased and distributed in a diffuse way. In SCC A431 cells, integrin beta1 was expressed unevenly in tumor cells. After treatment by ATRA, level of integrin beta1 mRNA in A431 cells significantly decreased compared with untreated control (P < 0.05), and the ratios between the intensity values of integrin beta1 to beta-actin were 0.071 +/- 0.025 and 0.029 +/- 0.018 at 24 h and 48 h, respectively, whereas in controls were 0.148 +/- 0.027 and 0.136 +/- 0.011 (P < 0.05).
Integrin beta1 is heterogeneously expressed in both SCC tissues and SCC A431 cells. The expression of Integrin beta1 decreases when the differentiation level of tumor cells increase, indicating that integrin beta1 is closely related with the initiation of SCC and potential cancer stem cells in SCC.
Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 02/2010; 32(1):60-4.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of a novel retinoid CD437 and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in inducing cell apoptosis and inhibiting the proliferation of human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells and normal human epidermal keratinocytes.
MTT assay was used to determine the inhibitory effects of CD437 and ATRA on the growth of A431 cells and normal human epidermal keratinocytes, and the cell morphological changes were observed microscopically. Flow cytometry was used to investigate the effect of CD437 and ATRA on the cell cycle and apoptosis.
CD437 was more effective than ATRA in inhibiting the proliferation of A431 cells and normal human epidermal keratinocytes. CD437 increased the percentage of sub-G1 populations in A431 cells and induced G1 arrest in normal human epidermal keratinocytes. ATRA appeared to be relatively ineffective for inducing apoptosis in A431 cells as compared to CD437. CD437 did not duce obvious apoptosis in normal human epidermal keratinocytes.
CD437 is more effective than ATRA in inhibiting the proliferation and inducing apoptosis in A431 cells and shows selective apoptosis-inducing effect against malignant keratinocytes, suggesting its potential in the prevention or treatment of cutaneous carcinoma.
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 04/2008; 28(3):305-8.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the mutations of ATP2C1 gene in Chinese patients with Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD).
Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. PCR and direct DNA sequencing were used to detect the mutations in all 27 exons of ATP2C1 gene in patients of two Chinese families and a sporadic patient with HHD.
Three mutations in ATP2C1 gene were found, including 1 nonsense mutation, 1 deletion/frameshift mutation and 1 missense mutation. All of them were novel mutations.
All the three mutations could affect the transcription and translation, and further the function of protein encoded by ATP2C1 gene.
Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 03/2008; 25(1):63-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To study apoptotic effects of synthetic retinoic acid 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-2-naphthalene carboxylic acid(AHPN) on human skin malignant melanoma A375 cells in comparison with the natural ligand all-trans-retinoic acid(ATRA) in vitro and the mechanisms related to the actions of AHPN.
Journal of Nanjing Medical University 01/2008; 22(1):18-22.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the gene mutation in two pedigrees with X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) and explore the relationship between the mutation and clinical manifestations.
Genomic DNA of the affected and normal members of the pedigrees and 50 unrelated normal subjects from different regions was extracted with a whole blood genomic DNA extraction kit for use of the template for PCR amplification of exon 1, exon 2 and exon 10 of the steroid sulfatase (STS) gene.
The STS gene was partially deleted in the affected members in the pedigrees with XLI, leaving only exon 1 but not the other exons. The normal member of the pedigree and 50 unrelated normal subjects had no such deletion.
Partial deletion of the STS gene exists in the two pedigrees with XLI, which is responsible for pathological skin changes characteristic of XLI.
Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA 09/2005; 25(8):1023-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pachyonychia congenita type 2 (PC-2), also known as Jackson-Lawler type PC, is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by hypertrophic nail dystrophy associated with focal keratoderma and multiple pilosebaceous cysts. We report a large Chinese pedigree of typical delayed-onset PC-2 that includes 19 affected members. Direct sequencing of PCR products revealed a novel heterozygous 325A-->G mutation in the affected members. This mutation predicts the substitution of asparagine by aspartic acid in codon 109 (N109D) located in the second half of the keratin 17 1A domain, where similar mutation in keratin 5 is associated with the mild Weber-Cockayne form of epidermolysis bullosa simplex.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology 04/2004; 122(4):892-5. · 6.19 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To detect the keratin 17 gene mutation in a Chinese pedigree of typical delayed-onset pachyonychia congenita type II (PC-II) and to explore the relationship between the genetic mutation and the phenotype of PC-II.
The DNA was extracted from the blood samples of 19 patients with PC-II in four generations in the pedigree, 1 unaffected member of the pedigree, and 50 un-related normal persons. Nested PCR was used to amplify the mutation hot spot in the exon 1 of keratin 17 gene. The PCR products were directly sequenced to detect the mutation.
Sequencing of the PCR products revealed that the codon 109 (AAC) was mutated as GAC in the nine affected members of the pedigree, causing the substitution of asparagine by aspartic acid in codon 109 (N109D) located in the 1A domain of keratin 17 gene. No such mutation was found in the unaffected member of the pedigree and the 50 unrelated controls.
The novel missense mutation (N109D) located in the second half of 1A domain of keratin 17 gene underlies the affected members' phenotype, delayed-onset pachyonychia congenita type II.