Jun-hui Zhu

Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (15)29.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial dysfunction is the pathophysiological characteristic of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Some paracrine factors secreted by bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (BMEPCs) have the potential to strengthen endothelial integrity and function. This study investigated whether BMEPCs have the therapeutic potential to improve monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH via producing vasoprotective substances in a paracrine fashion. Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells were cultured for 7 days to yield BMEPCs. 24 hours or 3 weeks after exposure to BMEPCs in vitro or in vivo, the vascular reactivity, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression, prostacyclin (PGI2) and cAMP release in isolated pulmonary arteries were examined respectively. Treatment with BMEPCs could improve the relaxation of pulmonary arteries in MCT-induced PAH and BMEPCs were grafted into the pulmonary bed. The COX-2/prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) and its progenies PGI2/cAMP were found to be significantly increased in BMEPCs treated pulmonary arteries, and this action was reversed by a selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS398. Moreover, the same effect was also observed in conditioned medium obtained from BMEPCs culture. Implantation of BMEPCs effectively ameliorates MCT-induced PAH. Factors secreted in a paracrine fashion from BMEPCs promote vasoprotection by increasing the release of PGI2 and level of cAMP.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(11):e79215. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the effect of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients receiving clopidogrel therapy. Methods: Total 439 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled in the study,including 250 post-PCI patients discharged on clopidogrel alone and 189 patients discharged on clopidogrel with PPI. The in-stent restenosis (ISR) ratio of the patients in these two groups were observed. Results: During a mean follow-up period of (13 ± 5.9) months, the post-PCI patients discharged on concomitant clopidogrel-PPI therapy had higher risk of ISR than those discharged on clopidogrel alone (19.6% Compared with 8%, P<0.001). Conclusion: Concomitant use of clopidogrel and PPI after hospital discharge would increase the risk of ISR for post-PCI patients.
    Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences 11/2011; 40(6):667-72.
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial injury usually underlies the initial pathologic step of cardiovascular diseases. Primary endothelial cell (EC) apoptosis and secondary hyperproliferation both contribute to the development of atherosclerosis and luminal occlusion. In order to investigate the effects of resveratrol (RSV) on EC apoptosis, we applied high shear stress (HSS) with proinflammatory factors [tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) plus cycloheximide] to human pulmonary microvascular ECs (PMVECs) through an artificial capillary system. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured by spectrofluorometry using dihydrorhodamine 123 fluorescent probe. Apoptosis and proliferation was determined by flow cytometric analysis. Protein expression was examined by Western blot. HSS plus inflammation significantly raised the ROS and the apoptosis level of PMVECs, which could be diminished by RSV pretreatment. In a 7-days incubation assay, RSV effectively inhibited the initial increase in apoptosis and thereby prevented subsequent PMVEC hyperproliferation induced by HSS plus inflammation. Mercaptosuccinate, a glutathione peroxidase (GPx-1) inhibitor or nicotinamide, a silent information regulator 2/sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) inhibitor could attenuate the antiapoptotic action of RSV on PMVECs; and RSV treatment upregulated GPx-1 and SIRT1 expression in PMVECs. In conclusion, RSV, probably by activating SIRT1 signaling pathway, inhibits the oxidative-stress-dependent phenotypical shift of ECs induced by HSS and proinflammatory factors in vitro.
    Human Cell 09/2011; 24(3):127-33. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of breviscapine on the cardiac structure and function in diabetic cardiomyopathy rats as well as the expression of protein kinase C (PKC) and Ca(2+)-cycling proteins expression. Diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and the control rats were injected with saline. After the induction of diabetes for 4 weeks, the animals were divided into different groups: (1) normal rats as control; (2) diabetic rats; (3) diabetic rats with administration of breviscapine (10 or 25 mg kg(-1) day(-2)). After treatment with breviscapine for 6 weeks, the invasive cardiac function and echocardiographic parameters were measured, and heart tissue was obtained for electron microscope study. The expression of protein kinase C (PKC) and calcium handling regulators, such as protein phosphatase inhibitor-1 (PPI-1), phospholamban (PLB) and Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA-2), ryanodine receptor (RyR) were detected by western blot or RT-PCR. The activity of SERCA-2 was measured using Ca(2+)-ATPase kit. Diabetic rats showed impaired cardiac structure and function compared with control rats. The expression of PKC, PLB increased significantly, while the PPI-1, SERCA-2 and RyR expression decreased. Treatment with breviscapine could reverse the cardiac dysfunction and structure changes in diabetic cardiomyopathy rats, and decrease the expression of PKC and PLB, as well as increase the expression of PPI-1, SERCA-2 and RyR. The protective effect of breviscapine was dose related. This study showed that breviscapine could regulate the expression of PKC, PPI-1, PLB and SERCA-2 and have protective effect on diabetic cardiomyopathy.
    Acta Diabetologica 10/2009; 47(Suppl 1):209-18. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of breviscapine on high glucose-induced hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes and the relevant mechanism in vitro and in vivo. Cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes were divided into i) control; ii) high glucose concentrations; iii) high glucose+PKC inhibitor Ro-31-8220; iv) high glucose+breviscapine; or v) high glucose+NF-kappaB inhibitor BAY11-7082. Cellular contraction frequency and volumes were measured; the expression of protein kinase C (PKC), NF-kappaB, TNF-alpha, and c-fos were assessed by Western blot or reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Diabetic rats were induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin, and randomly divided into i) control rats; ii) diabetic rats; or iii) diabetic rats administered with breviscapine (10 or 25 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)). After treatment with breviscapine for six weeks, the echocardiographic parameters were measured. All rats were then sacrificed and heart tissue was obtained for microscopy. The expression patterns of PKC, NF-kappaB, TNF-alpha, and c-fos were measured by Western blot or RT-PCR. Cardiomyocytes cultured in a high concentration of glucose showed an increased pulsatile frequency and cellular volume, as well as a higher expression of PKC, NF-kappaB, TNF-alpha, and c-fos compared with the control group. Breviscapine could partly prevent these changes. Diabetic rats showed relative cardiac hypertrophy and a higher expression of PKC, NF-kappaB, TNF-alpha, and c-fos; treatment with breviscapine could ameliorate these changes in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Breviscapine prevented cardiac hypertrophy in diabetic rats by inhibiting the expression of PKC, which may have a protective effect in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy via the PKC/NF-kappaB/c-fos signal transduction pathway.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 09/2009; 30(8):1081-91. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have underlined the importance of endothelial dysfunction and microvascular occlusion in the pathogenesis of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). Since the endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in maintaining endothelial homeostasis, we observed the change of peripheral EPCs in canines before and after PAH onset. PAH was induced by intra-pulmonary artery injection of dehydromonocrotaline (DHMC) in nine beagles. Before and 48 h and 6 weeks after DHMC injection, 40 ml peripheral blood was obtained from the femoral vein. Circulating EPCs were identified as CD133 + KDR + cells and numerated by fluorescence-activated cell sorter; the EPCs functional capacity was determined by in vitro tubule-forming assay. The senescence of EPCs was determined by beta-galactosidase staining. At each time point, 2 ml blood from femoral artery was obtained for arterial oxygen pressure (PaO(2)). Forty-eight hours after DHMC injection, treated beagles suffered from hypoxemia; however, both the number and the tubule-forming capacity of EPCs were transiently raised. Six weeks later, PAH was confirmed by obviously high mean pulmonary arterial pressure (20.2 +/- 1.64 vs. 11.3 +/- 2.0 mmHg, p < 0.05) and low PaO(2) (69.30 +/- 9.15 vs. 95.94 +/- 1.43 mmHg, p < 0.01) in beagles after DHMC treatment, and their EPCs exhibited a predominant decrease in either the number (206.1 +/- 26.8 vs. 632.8 +/- 42.8 cells/ml blood, p < 0.01) or the tubule-forming capacity (21.1 +/- 2.8 vs. 11.2 +/- 2.8 tubules/x200 field, p < 0.01). Additionally, senescence-associated beta-galactosidase-positive EPCs were significantly increased. Our data suggested that, after the acute stage of DHMC injury to pulmonary vessels, the EPCs from PAH beagles suffered from exhaustion and senescence.
    The Journal of Physiological Sciences 07/2009; 59(6):429-37. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of chelerythrine on the hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes of neonatal rats induced by different glucose levels and its mechanism. Using cultured neonatal ventricular myocytes as a model, groups were divided as: control (5 mmol x L(-1)); high glucose level (10, 15, 20, and 25.5 mmol x L(-1)); high glucose level (25.5 mmol x L(-1)) add different concentrations of chelerythrine (1 and 8 micromol x L(-1)); and control glucose level (5 mmol x L(-1)) add different concentrations of chelerythrine (1 and 8 micromol x L(-1)). Different groups of cardiomyocytes after adding corresponding treat factors were cultured for 48 hours. Cardiomyocytes' diameters and protein level were measured and the expression of PKC-alpha, PKC-beta2, p-PKC-alpha, and p-PKC-beta2 were measured by Western blotting. Compared with control group, neonatal myocytes cultured in high glucose levels showed increased cellular volumes, protein level and expression of PKC-alpha, PKC-beta2, p-PKC-alpha, p-PKC-beta2. When chelerythrine was added, cellular volumes, protein level and expression of PKC-alpha, PKC-beta2, p-PKC-alpha, p-PKC-beta2 were significantly reduced. But in 1 micromol x L(-1) chelerythrine group, the expression of PKC-beta2 was not significantly reduced. The result suggested that chelerythrine can reverse the hypertrophy induced by different glucose levels on the cardiac myocytes, it may have protective effect against diabetic cardiomyopathy via PKC passageway.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 03/2009; 44(2):115-20.
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to investigate the feasibility, safety, and initial clinical outcome of intravenous infusion of autologous endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Experimental data suggest that transplantation of EPCs attenuates monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats and dogs. In addition, clinical studies suggest that autologous progenitor cell transplantation is feasible and safe in patients with ischemic diseases. We conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing the effects of EPC transplantation plus conventional therapy with those of conventional therapy alone in patients with IPAH. The primary end point was change in the 6-min walk distance using a standardized protocol. The secondary end points were changes in hemodynamic variables as assessed by right heart catheterization. After 12 weeks of follow-up, the mean distance walked in 6 min increased by 48.2 m in the cell infusion group (from 263 +/- 42 m to 312 +/- 34 m), and an increase of 5.7 m occurred in the conventional therapy group (from 264 +/- 42 m to 270 +/- 44 m). The mean difference between the 2 groups was 42.5 m (95% confidence interval 28.7 to 56.3 m, p < 0.001). The patients in the cell infusion group also had significant improvement in mean pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, and cardiac output. There were no severe adverse events with cell infusion. This preliminary study showed that intravenous infusion of autologous EPCs seemed to be feasible and safe, and might have beneficial effects on exercise capacity and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with IPAH. (Safety and Efficacy Study of Transplantation of EPCs to Treat Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension; http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/show/NCT00257413?order=1; NCT00257413).
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 04/2007; 49(14):1566-71. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate alterations of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from peripheral blood in patients with coronary heart diseases. Twenty patients with coronary heart diseases (CHD) and 20 matched control subjects were included in the study. Total mononuclear cells (MNCs) were isolated from peripheral blood by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation, and then the cells were plated on fibronectin-coated culture dishes. After cultured for 7 days, attached cells were cytochemically analyzed. EPCs were characterized as adherent cells double positive for DiLDL-uptake and lectin-binding by laser scanning confocal microscope with direct fluorescent staining. EPCs proliferation and migration were measured by MTT assay and modified Boyden chamber assay, respectively. EPCs adhesion assay was performed by replating on fibronectin-coated dishes, then adherent cells were counted. The number of EPCs was significantly reduced in patients with CHD compared with that of age-matched control subjects (31.8+/-7.7 compared with 59.5 +/-10.6 EPCs/x 200 field; P<0.05). In addition, the functional activity of EPCs such as proliferation, migration and adhesive capacity was also impaired in patients with CHD. EPCs number and functional activity are significantly decreased in patients with CHD.
    Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences 03/2005; 34(2):163-6.
  • Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology 02/2005; 21(1):94-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether puerarin can augment endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) numbers, promote EPC proliferation, migration and adhesion. Total mononuclear cells (MNCs) were isolated from peripheral blood by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation, and then the cells were plated on fibronectin-coated culture dishes. After 7 days culture, attached cells were stimulated with puerarin (to make a series of final concentrations: 0. 1, 0.5, 1, 3 mmol x L(-1)) or vehicle control for the respective time points (6, 12, 24, 48 h). EPCs were characterized as adherent cells double positive for DiLDL-uptake and lectin binding by direct fluorescent staining under a laser scanning confocal microscope. EPCs proliferation, migration and in vitro vasculogenesis activity were assayed with MT assay, modified Boyden chamber assay and in vitro vasculogenesis kit, respectively. EPCs adhesion assay was performed by replating those on fibronectin-coated dishes, then adherent cells were counted. Incubation of isolated human MNCs with puerarin dose increased the number of EPCs, maximum at 3 mmol x L(-1), 24 hours (approximately 1-fold increase, P < 0.01). In addition, puerarin also promoted EPC proliferative, migratory, adhesive and in vitro vasculogenesis capacity. Puerarin can augment the number of EPCs with enhanced functional activity.
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 09/2004; 29(8):777-81.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether puerarin can augment endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) numbers, promote EPC proliferative, migratory, adhesive, and in vitro vasculogenesis capacity. EPCs were characterized as adherent cells by double staining of DiLDL-uptake and lectin binding under a laser scanning confocal microscope. Expression of KDR, VEGFR-2, and AC133 was detected by flow cytometry. EPCs proliferation, migration and in vitro vasculogenesis were determined with MTT assay, modified Boyden chamber assay, and in vitro vasculogenesis kit, respectively. EPCs adhesive assay was performed by replating those on fibronectin-coated dishes, then adherent cells were counted. Incubation of isolated human MNCs with puerarin 0.1-3 mmol/L increased the number of EPCs, EPC proliferative, migratory, adhesive, and in vitro vasculogenesis capacity in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, which reached maximum at 3 mmol/L, 24 h (approximately 1-fold increase, P<0.01). Puerarin enhanced EPCs functional activity.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 08/2004; 25(8):1045-51. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether Ginkgo biloba extract can augment endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) number, and promote EPC proliferation, migration and adhesion. Total mononuclear cells (MNCs) were isolated from peripheral blood by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation, and then the cells were plated on fibronectin-coated culture dishes. After 7 days of culture, attached cells were stimulated with Ginkgo biloba extract (10, 25 and 50 mg x L(-1)) or vehicle control for the respective time points (6, 12, 24 and 48 h). EPC were characterized as adherent cells double positive for DiLDL-uptake and lectin binding by direct fluorescent staining under a laser scanning confocal microscope. EPC were further documented by demonstrating the expression of CD34, VEGFR-2 and AC133 with flow cytometry. EPC proliferation, migration and in vitro vasculogenesis activity were assayed with MTT assay, modified Boyden chamber assay and in vitro vasculogenesis kit, respectively. EPCs adhesion assay was performed by replating MNCs on fibronectin-coated dishes, and then counting adherent cells. Incubation of isolated human MNCs with Ginkgo biloba extract increased the number of EPC, maximum at 25 mg x L(-1), 24 hours (approximately 1-fold increase, P < 0.01). In addition, Ginkgo biloba extract promotes EPC proliferative, migratory, adhesive and in vitro vasculogenesis capacity. Ginkgo biloba may promote EPC augmentation and enhance its functional activity.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 08/2004; 39(8):656-60.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether fluvastatin augments the number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and promotes EPCs proliferation, migration and adhesion. Total mononuclear cells (MNCs) were isolated from peripheral blood by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. The cells were then plated on fibronectin-coated culture dishes. After being cultured for 7 d, the attached cells were stimulated with fluvastatin (final concentrations: 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 micromol/L), simvastatin (1 micromol/L) or a vehicle for the respective time points (6, 12, 24 and 48 h). EPCs were characterized as adherent cells double positive for DiLDL-uptake and lectin binding by direct fluorescent staining under a laser scanning confocal microscope. EPCs were further documented by demonstrating the expression of KDR, VEGFR-2 and AC133 with flow cytometry. EPCs proliferation, migration and in vitro vasculogenesis activity were assayed by MTT assay, modified Boyden chamber assay and in vitro vasculogenesis kit, respectively. EPCs adhesion assay was performed by replating it on fibronectin-coated dishes, and the adherent cells were then counted. In addition, we also studied EPCs culture assay of peripheral blood from fluvastatin-treated animals in vivo. Incubation of isolated human MNCs with fluvastatin dose- and time-dependently increased the number of EPCs, while reached the maximum 24 h after the administration at 1 micromol/L, (2.5-fold increase, P<0.05). Moreover, treatment of rats with fluvastatins elevated the number of EPCs (3-fold increase, P<0.05), thus extending the in vitro data. In addition, fluvastatin also promoted EPC proliferation, migration, adhesion and in vitro vasculogenesis in a concentration-dependent manner. The effects of fluvastatin on EPCs were compared with those of simvastatin at the same concentration (1 micromol/L), with a result of no statistical difference. The results of the present study define a novel mechanism of the action of statins: the augmentation of EPCs with enhanced functional activity.
    Sheng li xue bao: [Acta physiologica Sinica] 06/2004; 56(3):357-64.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether hypercholesterolemia has influences on the number and activity of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Mononuclear cells were isolated from patients with hypercholesterolemia (n = 20) and age-matched control subjects (n = 20). EPCs were characterized as adherent cells double positive for DiLDL-uptake and lectin binding by direct fluorescent staining under a laser scanning confocal microscope. EPCs proliferation and migration were assayed by MTT assay and modified Boyden chamber assay, respectively. EPCs adhesion assay was performed by replating cells on fibronectin-coated dishes, then counting the adherent cells. The number of EPCs was significantly reduced in patients with hypercholesterolemia as compared with that in control subjects [(41.8 +/- 8.7 vs 64.5 +/- 16.6) EPCs/x 200 fields; P < 0.05] and it was inversely correlated with total cholesterol levels (r = -0.659, P < 0.001) and LDL cholesterol levels (r = -0.611, P < 0.001). In addition, EPCs proliferative, migratory and adhesive capacity were also impaired. It is suggested that a novel pathophysiological mechanism of hypercholesterolemia may be defined i.e. reduction of EPCs with decreased functional activity.
    Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 05/2004; 43(4):261-4.