M Biebl

State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms, Moskva, Moscow, Russia

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Publications (3)1.17 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A study was made of several bacteriophages (including phages U2 and LB related to T-even phages of Escherichia coli) that grow both on E. coli K12 and on some Salmonella strains. Such phages were termed ambivalent. T-even ambivalent phages (U2 and LB) are rare and have a limited number of hosts among Salmonella strains. U2 and LB are similar to canonical E. coli-specific T-even phages in morphological type and size of the phage particle and in reaction with specific anti-T4 serum. Phages U2 and LB have identical sets of structural proteins, some of which are similar in size to structural proteins of phages T2 and T4. DNA restriction patterns of phages U2 and LB differ from each other and from those of T2 and T4. Still, DNAs of all four phages have considerable homology. Unexpectedly, phages U2 and LB grown on Salmonella bungori were unstable during centrifugation in a CsCl gradient. Ambivalent bacteriophages were found in species other than T-even phages and were similar in morphotype to lambdoid and other E. coli phages. One of the ambivalent phages was highly similar to well-known Felix01, which is specific for Salmonella. Ambivalent phages can be used to develop a new set for phage typing in Salmonella. An obvious advantage is that ambivalent phages can be reproduced in the E. coli K12 laboratory strain, which does not produce active temperate phages. Consequently, the resulting typing phage preparation is devoid of an admixture of temperate phages, which are common in Salmonella. The presence of temperate phages in phage-typing preparations may cause false-positive results in identifying specific Salmonella strains isolated from the environment or salmonellosis patients. Ambivalent phages are potentially useful for phage therapy and prevention of salmonellosis in humans and animals.
    Genetika 03/2006; 42(2):159-68. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the genome diversity of bacteriophages from geographically distant natural populations, new giant phi KZ-like Pseudomonas aeruginosa phages isolated in two different regions were compared with earlier known phages of three species (phi KZ, Lin68, EL). A broad spectrum of lytic activity was demonstrated for all phi KZ-like phages. Phages of the phi KZ species proved to be common in natural populations of various regions, while IL- and Lin68-related phages were extremely rare. Most phi KZ-related phages had unique DNA restriction patterns, but the differences between these were only minor, and the genomes did not contain nonhomologous fragments. The spectrum of capsid polypeptides proved to be conserved in each species, and was proposed as a character necessary and sufficient for express classification of phages with an accuracy of species. Phages isolated in different geographical regions showed no substantial difference. Some phages only slightly differing in DNA restriction pattern from phi KZ may be used to study the origin of phi KZ genes coding for orthologs of proteins of unrelated species (other phages, pathogenic bacteria, eukaryotes).
    Genetika 05/2004; 40(4):462-8. · 0.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the genome diversity of bacteriophages from geographically distant natural populations, new giant KZ-like Pseudomonas aeruginosa phages isolated in two different regions were compared with earlier known phages of three species (KZ, Lin68, EL). A broad spectrum of lytic activity was demonstrated for all KZ-like phages. Phages of the KZ species proved to be common in natural populations of various regions, while EL- and Lin68-related phages were extremely rare. Most KZ-related phages had unique DNA restriction patterns, but the differences between these were only minor, and the genomes did not contain nonhomologous fragments. The spectrum of capsid polypeptides proved to be conserved in each species, and was proposed as a character necessary and sufficient for express classification of phages with an accuracy of species. Phages isolated in different geographical regions showed no substantial difference. Some phages only slightly differing in DNA restriction pattern from KZ may be used to study the origin of KZ genes coding for orthologs of proteins of unrelated species (other phages, pathogenic bacteria, eukaryotes).
    Russian Journal of Genetics 01/2004; 40(4):363-368. · 0.43 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

19 Citations
1.17 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2004
    • State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia