Publications (72)218.52 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Within five different approaches to parton propagation and energy loss in dense matter, a phenomenological study of experimental data on suppression of large $p_T$ single inclusive hadrons in heavyion collisions at both RHIC and LHC was carried out. The evolution of bulk medium used in the study for parton propagation was given by 2+1D or 3+1D hydrodynamic models which are also constrained by experimental data on bulk hadron spectra. Values for the jet transport parameter $\hat q$ at the center of the most central heavyion collisions are extracted or calculated within each model, with parameters for the medium properties that are constrained by experimental data on the hadron suppression factor $R_{AA}$. For a quark with initial energy of 10 GeV we find that $\hat q\approx 1.1 \pm 0.3$ GeV$^2$/fm at an initial time $\tau_0=0.6$ fm/$c$ in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV/n and $\hat q\approx 1.9 \pm 0.7 $ GeV$^2$/fm in Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s}=2.76 $ TeV/n. Compared to earlier studies, these represent significant convergence on values of the extracted jet transport parameter, reflecting recent advances in theory and the availability of new experiment data from the LHC.12/2013;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The propagation of a virtual quark in a thermal medium is considered. The nonperturbative jet transport coefficient $\hat{q}$ is estimated in quark less SU(2) lattice gauge theory. The light like correlator which defines $\hat{q}$, defined in the regime where the jet has small virtuality compared to its energy, is analytically related to a series of local operators in the deep Euclidean region, where the jet's virtuality is of the same order as its energy. It is demonstrated that in this region, for temperatures in the range of T=400600 MeV, and for jet energies above 20 GeV, the leading term in the series is dominant over the nexttoleading term and thus yields an estimate of the value of $\hat{q}$. In these proceedings we discuss the details of the numerical calculation.Nuclear Physics A 03/2013; · 1.53 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We outline a novel approach to develop an inmedium shower MonteCarlo event generator based on the highertwist formalism of jet modification. By undoing one of the lightcone integrals which sets the corresponding lightcone momentum to be equal in the amplitude and the complex conjugate, we introduce an uncertainty in the smaller lightcone momentum component. This allows for the generalization of the standard analytic formalism to a Wigner transform like formalism, where the nonconjugate large lightcone momentum and position are retained for each parton. Jets are generated eventbyevent by simulating this Wigner transform kernel. Simple results for longitudinal distributions of partons and hadrons from jets propagating through a hot brick of strongly interacting matter are presented. Values of the transport coefficient $\hat{q}$ are dialed to match phenomenologically relevant cases.Physical Review C 01/2013; 88(1). · 3.72 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present a parameterfree postdiction of the highp_{T} chargedhadron nuclear modification factor (R_{AA}) in two centralities, measured by the CMS Collaboration in PbPb collisions at the LHC. The evolution of the bulk medium is modeled using viscous fluid dynamics, with parameters adjusted to describe the soft hadron yields and elliptic flow. Assuming the dominance of radiative energy loss, we compute the medium modification of the R_{AA} using a perturbative QCDbased formalism, the higher twist scheme. The transverse momentum diffusion coefficient q[over ^] is assumed to scale with the entropy density and is normalized by fitting the R_{AA} in the most central AuAu collisions at the Relativistic HeavyIon Collider. This setup is validated in noncentral AuAu collisions at the Relativistic HeavyIon Collider and then extrapolated to PbPb collisions at the LHC, keeping the relation between q[over ^] and entropy density unchanged. We obtain a satisfactory description of the CMS R_{AA} over the p_{T} range from 10 to 100 GeV.Physical Review Letters 11/2012; 109(20):202301. · 7.73 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present a parameterfree postdiction of the highpT chargedhadron nuclear modification factor (RAA) in two centralities, measured by the CMS Collaboration in PbPb collisions at the LHC. The evolution of the bulk medium is modeled using viscous fluid dynamics, with parameters adjusted to describe the soft hadron yields and elliptic flow. Assuming the dominance of radiative energy loss, we compute the medium modification of the RAA using a perturbative QCDbased formalism, the higher twist scheme. The transverse momentum diffusion coefficient q̂ is assumed to scale with the entropy density and is normalized by fitting the RAA in the most central AuAu collisions at the Relativistic HeavyIon Collider. This setup is validated in noncentral AuAu collisions at the Relativistic HeavyIon Collider and then extrapolated to PbPb collisions at the LHC, keeping the relation between q̂ and entropy density unchanged. We obtain a satisfactory description of the CMS RAA over the pT range from 10 to 100 GeV.Physical Review Letters 11/2012; 109(20). · 7.73 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The formalism of jet modification in the higher twist approach is modified to describe a hard parton propagating through a hot thermalized medium. The leading order contribution to the transverse momentum broadening of a high energy (near onshell) quark in a thermal medium is calculated. This involves a factorization of the perturbative process of scattering of the quark from the nonperturbative transport coefficient. An operator product expansion of the nonperturbative operator product which represents $\hat{q}$ is carried out and related via dispersion relations to the expectation of local operators. These local operators are then evaluated in quenched SU(2) lattice gauge theory.Nuclear Physics A 10/2012; · 1.53 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effect of multiple scatterings on the propagation of hard partonic jets in a dense nuclear medium is studied in the framework of deepinelastic scattering (DIS) off a large nucleus. Power counting arguments based on the Glauber improved SoftCollinearEffectiveTheory are used to identify the class of leading power corrections to the process of a single parton traversing the extended medium without emission. It turns out that the effect of longitudinal drag and diffusion (often referred to as straggling) is as important as transverse scattering, when relying solely on power counting arguments. With the inclusion of momentum exchanges in both transverse and longitudinal directions between the traversing hard parton and the constituents of the medium, we derive a differential equation for the time (or distance) evolution of the hard parton momentum distribution. Keeping up to the second order in a momentum gradient expansion, this equation describes inmedium evolution of hard jets which experience longitudinal drag and diffusion plus the transverse broadening caused by multiple scatterings from the medium.Physical Review C 05/2012; 87(2). · 3.72 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present a framework where first principles calculations of jet modification may be carried out in a nonperturbative thermal environment. As an example of this approach, we compute the leading order contribution to the transverse momentum broadening of a high energy (near onshell) quark in a thermal medium. This involves a factorization of a nonperturbative operator product from the perturbative process of scattering of the quark. An operator product expansion of the nonperturbative operator product is carried out and related via dispersion relations to the expectation of local operators. These local operators are then evaluated in quenched SU(2) lattice gauge theory.Physical Review C 02/2012; 87(3). · 3.72 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We review the currently available formalisms for radiative energy loss of a highmomentum parton in a dense strongly interacting medium. The underlying theoretical framework of the four commonly used formalisms is discussed and the differences and commonalities between the formalisms are highlighted. A quantitative comparison of the single gluon emission spectra as well as the energy loss distributions is given for a model system consisting of a uniform medium with a fixed length of L=2 fm and L=5 fm (the `Brick'). Sizable quantitative differences are found. The largest differences can be attributed to specific approximations that are made in the calculation of the radiation spectrum.Physical Review C 06/2011; 86(6). · 3.72 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We review the currently available formalisms for radiative energy loss of a highmomentum parton in a dense strongly interacting medium. The underlying theoretical framework of the four commonly used formalisms is discussed and the differences and commonalities between the formalisms are highlighted. A quantitative comparison of the single gluon emission spectra as well as the energy loss distributions is given for a model system consisting of a uniform medium with a fixed length of L=2 fm and L=5 fm (the `Brick'). Sizable quantitative differences are found. The largest differences can be attributed to specific approximations that are made in the calculation of the radiation spectrum.01/2011;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Finite temperature lattice simulations of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) are sensitive to the hadronic mass spectrum for temperatures below the "critical" temperature T(c) ≈ 160 MeV. We show that a recent precision determination of the QCD trace anomaly shows evidence for the existence of a large number of hadron states beyond those known from experiment. The lattice results are well represented by an exponentially growing mass spectrum up to a temperature T=155 MeV. Using simple parametrizations of the hadron mass spectrum we show how one may estimate the total spectral weight in these yet undermined states.Physical Review Letters 12/2010; 105(25):252002. · 7.73 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present a successful description of the medium modification of light and heavy flavor jets within a perturbativeQCDbased approach. Only the couplings involving hard partons are assumed to be weak. The effect of the medium on a hard parton, per unit time, is encoded in terms of three nonperturbative, related transport coefficients which describe the transverse momentum squared gained, the elastic energy loss, and diffusion in elastic energy transfer. Scaling the transport coefficients with the temperature of the medium, we achieve a good description of the centrality dependence of the suppression and the azimuthal anisotropy of leading hadrons. Imposing additional constraints based on leading order (LO) hard thermal loop (HTL) effective theory leads to a worsening of the fit, implying the necessity of computing transport coefficients beyond LO HTL.Physical Review Letters 12/2010; 105(26):262301. · 7.73 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We discuss various mechanisms for the creation of an asymmetric charge fluctuation with respect to the reaction plane among hadrons emitted in relativistic heavyion collisions. We show that such mechanisms exist in both, the hadronic gas and the partonic phases of QCD. The mechanisms considered here all require the presence of a strong magnetic field (the ``chiral magnetic effect''), but they do not involve parity or chargeparity violations. We analyze how a transient local electric current fluctuation generated by the chiral magnetic effect can dynamically evolve into an asymmetric charge distribution among the finalstate hadrons in momentum space. We estimate the magnitude of the eventbyevent fluctuations of the finalstate charge asymmetry due to the partonic and hadronic mechanisms.Physical Review C 03/2010; · 3.72 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The study of the structure of strongly interacting dense matter via hard jets is reviewed. High momentum partons produced in hard collisions produce a shower of gluons prior to undergoing the nonperturbative process of hadronization. In the presence of a dense medium this shower is modified due to scattering of the various partons off the constituents in the medium. The modified pattern of the final detected hadrons is then a probe of the structure of the medium as perceived by the jet. Starting from the factorization paradigm developed for the case of particle collisions, we review the basic underlying theory of medium induced gluon radiation based on perturbative Quantum Chromo Dynamics (pQCD) and current experimental results from Deep Inelastic Scattering on large nuclei and high energy heavyion collisions, emphasizing how these results constrain our understanding of energy loss. This review contains introductions to the theory of radiative energy loss, elastic energy loss, and the corresponding experimental observables and issues. We close with a discussion of important calculations and measurements that need to be carried out to complete the description of jet modification at high energies at future high energy colliders.Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics 02/2010; 66. · 2.26 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We discuss several mechanisms for the creation of a charge asymmetry with respect to the reaction plane among hadrons emitted in relativistic heavyion collisions. We show that such mechanisms exist in both, the hadron gas and the quarkgluon plasma phase. All such mechanisms have in common that they require the presence of a strong magnetic field (the ``chiral magnetic effect''), but they do not involve P or PC symmetry violations. We analyze how a transient local electric current generated by the chiral magnetic effect can dynamically evolve into a charge asymmetry of the finalstate hadron distribution in momentum space. We estimate the magnitude of the eventbyevent fluctuations of the finalstate charge asymmetry due to the partonic and hadronic mechanisms. )02/2010;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The energy loss of hard jets produced in the DeepInelastic scattering (DIS) off a large nucleus is considered in the collinear limit. In particular, the single gluon emission cross section due to multiple scattering in the medium is calculated. Calculations are carried out in the highertwist scheme, which is extended to include contributions from multiple transverse scatterings on both the produced quark and the radiated gluon. The leading length enhanced parts of these power suppressed contributions are resummed. Various interferences between such diagrams lead to the LandauPomeranchukMigdal (LPM) effect. We resum the corrections from an arbitrary number of scatterings and isolate the leading contributions which are suppressed by one extra power of the hard scale $Q^{2}$. All powers of the emitted gluon forward momentum fraction $y$ are retained. We compare our results with the previous calculation of single scattering per emission in the highertwist scheme as well as with multiple scattering resummations in other schemes. It is found that the leading ($1/Q^2$) contribution to the double differential gluon production cross section, in this approach, is equivalent to that obtained from the single scattering calculation once the transverse momentum of the final quark is integrated out. We comment on the generalization of this formalism to MonteCarlo routines.Physical review D: Particles and fields 12/2009;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present a successful description of the medium modification of light and heavy flavor jets within a perturbative QCD (pQCD) based approach. Only the couplings involving hard partons are assumed to be weak. The effect of the medium on a hard parton, per unit time, is encoded in terms of three nonperturbative, related transport coefficients which describe the transverse momentum squared gained, the elastic energy loss and diffusion in elastic energy transfer. A fit of the centrality dependence of the suppression and the azimuthal anisotropy of leading hadrons tends to favor somewhat larger transport coefficients for heavy quarks. Imposing additional constraints based on leading order (LO) Hard Thermal Loop (HTL) effective theory, leads to a worsening of the fit. Comment: v2, 4 pages, 3 figures10/2009;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: For a hard parton moving through a dense QCD medium, we compute selfconsistently the energy loss and the fraction deposited into the medium due to showering and rescattering of the shower, assuming weak coupling between probe and medium. The same transport coefficients thus determine both the energy loss and its deposition into the medium. This allows a parameter free calculation of the latter once the former are computed or measured. We compute them for a weakly interacting medium. Assuming a short thermalization time for the deposited energy, we determine the medium's hydrodynamical response and obtain a conical pattern that is strongly enhanced by showering.Physical Review Letters 10/2009; 103(15):152303. · 7.73 Impact Factor  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The average transverse momentum transfer per unit path length to a fast parton scattering elastically in a perturbative quarkgluon plasma is related to the radiative energy loss of the parton. We first calculate the momentum transfer coefficient $\hat q$ in terms of a classical Langevin problem and then define it quantummechanically through scattering matrix element. After treating the well known case of a quarkgluon plasma in equilibrium we consider an offequilibrium unstable plasma. As a specific example, we treat the twostream plasma with unstable modes of longitudinal chromoelectric field. In the presence of the instabilities, $\hat q$ is shown to exponentially grow in time. Comment: Updated version containing an analysis of insufficiencies in previous calculations of momentum broadening in unstable plasmasPhysical review D: Particles and fields 03/2009;  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The inmedium modification of the scale dependence of the fragmentation function in dense matter, brought about by higher twist corrections to the DokshitzerGribovLipatovAltarelliParisi (DGLAP) evolution equations, is derived. A phenomenologically motivated resummation is outlined which incorporates the nexttoleading twist single gluon emission kernel along with the vacuum emission kernel and provides an inmedium virtuality evolution of the final fragmentation function of a hard jet propagating through dense matter. The concept of a fragmentation function is generalized to include a dependence on distance traveled in the medium. Following this, numerical implementations are carried out and compared to experimental results on the single inclusive suppression observed in DeepInelastic scattering (DIS) off a large nucleus.02/2009;
Publication Stats
1k  Citations  
218.52  Total Impact Points  
Top Journals
Institutions

2012

Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan, United States


2010–2012

The Ohio State University
 Department of Physics
Columbus, Ohio, United States


2006–2010

Duke University
 Department of Physics
Durham, NC, United States


2003–2006

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
 Nuclear Science Division
Berkeley, CA, United States


1999–2002

McGill University
 Department of Physics
Montréal, Quebec, Canada
