T Huber

The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States

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Publications (3)5.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Our objectives were to measure net fluxes of free AA (FAA) and peptide-bound AA (PBAA) across portal-drained viscera, liver, splanchnic tissues, and mammary tissues, and milk AA output of lactating Holstein cows (n = 8, 86 +/- 8 d in milk). Cows were fed an alfalfa-based total mixed ration containing 40% steam-flaked (SFS) or dry-rolled (DRS) sorghum grain. The total mixed rations were offered at 12-h intervals in a crossover design. Blood samples were obtained from indwelling catheters in portal, hepatic, and mammary veins and from mesenteric or costoabdominal arteries every 2 h from each cow and diet. Intake of dry matter was 17.9 and 18.6 kg/d of the SFS and DRS diets, respectively, but dropped to 16.3 kg/d for cows fed the SFS diet in the last 3 experimental days, sampling day included. Milk and milk crude protein yields (kg/12-h sampling) were 13.85 vs. 13.25 and 0.425 vs. 0.396 for cows fed SFS or DRS, respectively, and were not affected by the considerable drop in dry matter intake of cows fed the SFS diet during the last 3 experimental days. The portal-drained visceral flux of total essential FAA was 417 and 442 g/12 h (SEM 63) in cows fed SFS and DRS, respectively. However, the portal-drained visceral flux of 7 essential PBAA out of the 9 determined was numerically greater in cows fed the SFS diet, and total essential PBAA in that treatment was 77.4 +/- 22.2 compared with 35.4 +/- 50.2 g/12 h for cows fed the DRS diet. This phenomenon was again observed in a greater total splanchnic flux (FAA + PBAA) of 462 and 371 g/12 h in SFS- and DRS-fed cows, respectively. Mammary uptake of essential AA from both pools (free and peptide bound), and recovery of essential AA in milk, was again numerically higher in SFS-fed cows. In addition to FAA, quantifying the contribution of PBAA may improve our understanding of tissue use of AA substrates, and this may ultimately lead to improved diet formulations with respect to intestinal absorption and mammary uptake of AA.
    Journal of Dairy Science 03/2008; 91(2):679-97. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives were to measure net fluxes of free (FAA) and peptide bound amino acids (AA) (PBAA) across portal-drained viscera (PDV), liver, splanchnic, and mammary tissues, and of milk AA output of lactating Holstein cows (n = 6, 109 +/- 9 d in milk) as influenced by flaking density of corn grain. Cows were fed alfalfa-based total mixed ration (TMR) containing 40% steam-flaked (SFC) or steam-rolled corn (SRC) grain. The TMR were offered at 12-h intervals in a crossover design. Six sets of blood samples were obtained from indwelling catheters in portal, hepatic, and mammary veins and mesenteric or costoabdominal arteries every 2 h from each cow and diet. Intake of dry matter (18.4 +/- 0.4 kg/d), N, and net energy for lactation were not altered by corn processing. Milk and milk crude protein yields (kg/12-h sampling) were 14.2 vs. 13.5 and 0.43 vs. 0.39 for cows fed SFC or SRC, respectively. The PDV flux of total essential FAA was greater (571.2 vs. 366.4 g/12 h, SEM 51.4) in cows fed SFC. The PDV flux of total essential PBAA was 69.3 +/- 10.8 and 51.5 +/- 13.2 g/12 h for cows fed SFC and SRC, respectively, and differed from zero, but fluxes of individual PBAA rarely differed between treatments. Liver flux of essential FAA was greater in cows fed SRC, but only the PBAA flux in cows fed SRC differed from zero. Splanchnic flux of FAA and PBAA followed the pattern of PDV flux, but variation was greater. Mammary uptake (g/12 h) of total essential FAA was greater in cows fed SFC than SRC (224.6 vs. 198.3, SEM 7.03). Mammary uptake of essential PBAA was 25.0 vs. 15.1, SEM 5.2, g/12 h for cows fed SFC or SRC, respectively, and differed from zero in half of the PBAA. Milk output of EAA was 187.8 vs 175.4, SEM 4.4 g/12 h in cows fed SFC and SRC, respectively, and output of most essential AA consistently tended to be greater in cows fed SFC. It is apparent that PBAA comprise a portion of total AA flux across PDV and are affected by grain processing. Further, this pool supplies an important component of AA taken up by the mammary gland. Quantifying the contribution of PBAA may improve diet formulation with respect to intestinal absorption and mammary uptake of AA.
    Journal of Dairy Science 03/2004; 87(2):413-30. · 2.57 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives were to measure net fluxes of free (FAA) and peptide bound amino acids (AA) (PBAA) across portal-drained viscera (PDV), liver, splanchnic, and mammary tissues, and of milk AA output of lactating Holstein cows (n = 6, 109 ± 9 d in milk) as influenced by flaking density of corn grain. Cows were fed alfalfa- based total mixed ration (TMR) containing 40% steam- flaked(SFC)orsteam-rolledcorn(SRC)grain.TheTMR were offered at 12-h intervals in a crossover design. Six sets of blood samples were obtained from indwelling catheters in portal, hepatic, and mammary veins and mesenteric or costoabdominal arteries every 2 h from each cow and diet. Intake of dry matter (18.4 ± 0.4 kg/ d), N, and net energy for lactation were not altered by corn processing. Milk and milk crude protein yields (kg/ 12-h sampling) were 14.2 vs. 13.5 and 0.43 vs. 0.39 for
    Journal of Dairy Science - J DAIRY SCI. 01/2004; 87(2):413-430.