Alessandro Comella

Hospital of Versilia, Viareggio, Tuscany, Italy

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Publications (8)4.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Left ventricular (LV) twist represents a main aspect of ejection. It is defined as the difference between the apical and basal rotation and can be assessed by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). Twist may be underestimated when assessed by two-dimensional-echocardiography due to the difficulty of identifying the real apex. Aim of this study was to evaluate the LV twist by means of three-dimensional (3D)-STE and verify if the inclusion of the apex can modify the assessment of the global twist. Methods: LV volume acquisition with a fully sampled matrix array transducer was performed in 30 healthy subjects and 79 patients with cardiomyopathy secondary to different etiologies. Thirty-nine patients had a LV ejection fraction (EF) ≥50% (Group A), 16 showed an EF between 40 and 50% (Group B), and 24 patients had an EF ≤40%(Group C). LV rotation was assessed by 3D-STE at basal, medium, apical, and apical-cap levels. Twist was computed considering the apex either at the apical level (Twist(Api) ) or at the apical-cap level (Twist(AC) ). Results: LV rotation resulted to be progressively higher from base to apical-cap (P < 0.0001) with a significant difference between the apex and the apical-cap level (6.20 ± 3.90° vs. 10.23 ± 7.52°; P < 0.001). Such a difference was constantly found in all Groups (P < 0.01 for Group A, P < 0.05 for Group B and C). Twist(Api) was also significantly lower than Twist(AC) both in the overall population (6.2 ± 3.89° vs. 10.23 ± 7.51°; P < 0.001) and in the different subgroups (Controls: 9.61 ± 3.39° vs. 13.75 ± 6.51°; Group A: 10.49 ± 4.77° vs. 16.37 ± 8.49°; Group B: 6.67 ± 3.44° vs. 9.14 ± 5.55°; Group C: 33 ± 2.62° vs. 5.26 ± 3.74°; P < 0.05 for all the comparisons). Conclusions: Identification and inclusion of apical-cap is relevant for twist assessment and can be carried out efficiently by 3D-STE. The inclusion of the true apex in the calculation significantly affects the analysis of twist both in normal individuals and patients with different myocardial diseases.
    Echocardiography 11/2012; · 1.26 Impact Factor
  • Giornale italiano di cardiologia (2006) 04/2012; 13(4):304-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Three-dimensional (3D)-echocardiography speckle imaging allows the evaluation of frame-by-frame strain and volume changes simultaneously. The aim of the present investigation was to describe the strain-volume combined assessment in different patterns of cardiac remodelling. Fifty patients received a 3D acquisition. Patients were classified as follows: healthy subjects (CNT), previous AMI, and normal ejection fraction (EF; group A); ischaemic cardiomyopathy with reduced EF (group B); hypertrophic/infiltrative cardiomyopathy (group C). Values of 3D strain were plotted vs. volume for each frame to build a strain-volume curve for each case. Peak of radial, longitudinal, and circumferential systolic strain (Rεp, Lεp, and Cεp, respectively), slopes of the curves (RεSl, LεSl, CεSl), and strain to end-diastolic volume (EDV) ratio (Rε/V, Lε/V, Cε/V) were computed for the analysis. Strain-volume curves of the CNT group were steep and clustered, whereas, due to progressive dilatation and reduction of strains, progressive flattening could be demonstrated in groups A and B. Quantitative data supported visual assessment with progressive lower slopes (P< 0.05 for RεSl, CεSl, P= 0.06 for LεSl) and significantly lower ratios (P< 0.01 for Rε/V, Lε/V, and Cε/V). Group C showed an opposite behaviour with slopes and ratios close to those of normal subjects. Correlation coefficients between EDV and slopes of the curves were significant for all the directions of strain (CεSl: r = 0.891; RєSl: r = 0.704; LєSl: r = 0.833; P< 0.0001 for all). We measured left ventricular volumes and strain by 3D-echo and obtained strain-volume curve to evaluate their behaviour in remodelling. A distinctive and progressive pattern consistent with pathophysiology was observed. The analysis here shown could represent a new non-invasive method to assess myocardial mechanics and its relationship with volumes.
    European Heart Journal – Cardiovascular Imaging 06/2011; 12(7):520-7. · 2.39 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Heart Failure Supplements 01/2006; 5(1):181-181.
  • European Journal of Heart Failure Supplements 01/2006; 5(1):181-181.
  • Alessandro Comella, Massimo Magnacca
    Echocardiography 09/2004; 21(6):563-4. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac hemangiomas are exceptionally rare tumors with an incidence of 1 to 3% of all detected benign heart neoplasms. We report 2 cases of left atrial hemangioma of which only one associated with clinical symptoms such as dyspnea and palpitations. Two years following surgical excision of the tumors, there was no echocardiographic evidence of recurrence.
    Italian heart journal: official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology 05/2004; 5(4):299-301.
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    ABSTRACT: A clinical case of non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with involvement of the right ventricle is reported. The patient was a 42-year-old male with symptoms suggesting an effort angina of recent onset. The diagnosis was established by echocardiography, which showed asymmetric hypertrophy of the interventricular septum (20 mm), hypertrophy of the right ventricular free wall, and severe hypertrophy of the septal papillary muscle of the tricuspid valve. The patient underwent a complete diagnostic evaluation, including exercise stress test, Holter monitoring, magnetic resonance, myocardial tomoscintigraphy and complete hemodynamic assessment. Medical treatment with atenolol 50 mg day was started; at 1-year follow-up the patient's clinical conditions are good, with decrease of anginal episodes. The literature review elicits the paucity of information about this condition, despite a frequent involvement of both ventricles in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. The case reported shows two atypical aspects: a) the involvement of the right ventricle in non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is anecdotal; b) this pattern of hypertrophy (right ventricular free wall/septal papillary muscle) has never been previously reported. Right ventricular involvement in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy must be carefully investigated, because it may be more frequent than conventionally deemed.
    Italian heart journal. Supplement: official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology 03/2004; 5(2):154-9.