Chang-hong Shi

Second Artillery Corps General Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (22)9.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investisate the inhibition of Hsp-16.3 on the autophagosomes formation of macrophages. Mouse RAW264.7 macrophages were induced by rapamycin (50 ng/μL) following infection with M.tuberculosis H37Rv strains, thereafter, co-incubated with Hsp16.3 protein (25 μg/mL). The effects of Hsp16.3 protein on the autophagosomes formation was observed with transmission electron microscope. The expression of autophagy-related genes (atg8) for macrophages was detected by Western blotting. It was found that rapamycin-induced autophagy of macrophages infected with M.tuberculosis H37Rv enhanced localization of mycobacteria with autophagosomes. Hsp16.3 protein inhibits autophagosome formation and affects M.tuberculosis survival inside infected macrophages. Furthermore, Hsp16.3 protein significantly increased M.tuberculosis colony forming units (CFU), and decreased the expression of microtubule-associated protein light chain-3 (LC3) expression level (P<0.05). The results showed that Hsp16.3 protein inhibits the formation of autophagosomes by regulating the expression of LC3 protein.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 12/2011; 27(12):1301-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Ferric uptake regulator A of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), which belongs to the Fur superfamily, is situated immediately upstream of katG encoding catalase-peroxidase, a major virulence factor that also activates the pro-drug isoniazid. The feature and role of FurA in oxidative stress contribute to research on the pathogenesis of mycobacteria. In this study, four novel mouse monoclonal antibodies were generated using the prokaryotically expressed FurA protein as immunogen. The furA gene of M. tuberculosis H37Rv was inserted into a bacterial expression vector of pRSET-A and effectively expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The expressed fusion protein existed as soluble form in cell lysates and was purified via Ni-NTA purification system. Using the fusion protein to immunize BALB/c mice, four monoclonal antibodies (H9H6, H9E12, H10H6, and H10H8) were produced. As shown by Western blot analysis and cell fluorescence microscopy assay, the four antibodies could recognize the FurA protein, respectively. Then we assessed the effect of iron on the expression of FurA in MTB H37Rv and we concluded that iron does not affect FurA expression. These results suggest that the antibodies against FurA may provide a powerful tool for elucidating FurA biofunctions and regulation mechanism in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis.
    Hybridoma (2005) 08/2011; 30(4):331-9. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The blood-testis barrier (BTB) plays an important role in male reproductive system. Lots of environmental stimulations can increase the permeability of BTB and then result in antisperm antibody (AsAb) generation, which is a key step in male immune infertility. Here we reported the results of male mice exposed to electromagnetic pulse (EMP) by measuring the expression of tight-junction-associated proteins (ZO-1 and Occludin), vimentin microfilaments, and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta3) as well as AsAb level in serum. Male BALB/c mice were sham exposed or exposed to EMP at two different intensities (200kV/m and 400kV/m) for 200 pulses. The testes were collected at different time points after EMP exposure. Immunofluorescence histocytochemistry, western blotting, laser confocal microscopy and RT-PCR were used in this study. Compared with sham group, the expression of ZO-1 and TGF-beta3 significantly decreased accompanied with unevenly stained vimentin microfilaments and increased serum AsAb levels in EMP-exposed mice. These results suggest a potential BTB injury and immune infertility in male mice exposed to a certain intensity of EMP.
    Toxicology 09/2010; 276(1):58-63. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the immune responses and resistance against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection in the mice induced by HSP16.3 of MTB and its synthetic peptide. BALB/c mice were immunized subcutaneously 3 times at 2 week interval at the base of tail. The doses of HSP16.3 protein and synthetic peptide were both 50 microg each time. A single dose of BCG (5 x 10(6) CFU/mouse) was used to immunize the mice. The concentrations of specific antibodies in serum obtained at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 weeks after the first immunization and the titer of serum obtained at 8th week, were analyzed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Four weeks after the final immunization, 8 mice from each group were sacrificed and single-cell suspensions of splenocytes were prepared, some of which were used for lymphocyte proliferation by MTT colorimetry with HSP16.3 stimulation, and the remaining cells were used for IFN-gamma level assay by sandwich ELISA. The remaining mice in each group were challenged intravenously with 10(5) colony forming units (CFU) of MTB H(37)Rv and were sacrificed 4 weeks after infection, and the number of bacteria in the spleens and lungs were determined by plating serial dilutions of homogenized tissue on Middlebrook 7H10 agar. The statistical significance of differences among means was assessed by an LSD-t test. The level of specific antibody to HSP16.3 protein and the peptide increased rapidly in the former 4 weeks and moderately in the later weeks. The average antibody-specific titers of 3 experiment groups (HSP16.3 protein + DDA + MPL, synthetic peptide + DDA + MPL and synthetic peptide + IFA) were higher than the BCG group. The indexes of spleen lymphocyte proliferation (SI) of the 3 experiment groups (3.13 +/- 0.18, 3.21 +/- 0.21 and 2.40 +/- 0.15) were significantly higher than the BCG group (1.67 +/- 0.12) and the saline group (1.04 +/- 0.09) respectively. The SI of HSP16.3 protein + DDA + MPL group (3.13 +/- 0.18) and synthetic peptide + DDA + MPL group (3.21 +/- 0.21) were higher than the synthetic peptide + IFA group (2.40 +/- 0.15). The IFN-gamma levels induced among the 3 experiment groups [(182 +/- 6), (194 +/- 9) and (179 +/- 8) mg/L] were lower than the BCG group [(275 +/- 10) mg/L], but higher than the saline group [(71 +/- 3) mg/L]. The IFN-gamma level induced among the 3 experiment groups did not show any marked difference. Although the protection induced by HSP16.3 protein + DDA + MPL, synthetic peptide + DDA + MPL and synthetic peptide + IFA all showed resistance against MTB H(37)Rv infection in the spleens or lungs (the bacterial logarithmic loads of spleen: 6.74 +/- 0.14, 6.60 +/- 0.13 and 6.81 +/- 0.28; the bacterial logarithmic loads of lung: 5.81 +/- 0.21, 5.74 +/- 0.27 and 6.65 +/- 0.32), none of them was better than the conventional BCG (the bacterial logarithmic loads of spleen and lung: 5.95 +/- 0.17 and 5.62 +/- 0.23). Both HSP16.3 and its synthetic peptide can be considered as TB vaccine candidates or effective components in TB vaccines.
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 08/2009; 32(8):603-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of autophagy in MTB's infection and the expression of its related gene. The formation of autophagy was induced by Rapamycin and observed by the transmission electron microscope. The cleaning role of autophagy to the MTB H37Rv virulent strain after its formation was detected by clone forming unit (CFU). Realtime PCR was used to detect the mRNA of the autophagy related gene was expressed. The RAW264.7 cell could form autophagosome under the induction of the Rapamycin, and it had the determinate cleaning role to the H37Rv strain in the cell after which formed. The mRNA of atg5, atg8 and atg12 which participated the formation of autophagy were expressed more, but the expression of atg7 had no change. Autophagy participated the process of immune response of anti-MTB. Atg5, atg8 and atg12 were the important molecule which control the formation of autophagy when MTB infected.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 03/2009; 25(2):120-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Developing a new generation of vaccines is important for preventing tuberculosis (TB). DNA vaccine is one promising candidate. In this study we evaluated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of the DNA vaccine encoding the fusion protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis heat shock protein 65 (Hsp65) with human interleukin-2 (hIL-2) in BALB/c mice. We showed that the DNA vaccine pcDNA-Hsp65-hIL-2 could induce high levels of antigen-specific antibody, IFN-gamma, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell production. When the immunized mice were infected with M. tuberculosis H37Rv, the organ bacterial loads in the DNA immunized group were significantly reduced compared to those of the saline control group, but the ability to reduce bacteria was not better than for BCG. The histopathology in lungs of the DNA vaccine immunized mice was similar to that of BCG immunized mice, which was obviously ameliorated compared to that of the saline control group. Overall, the DNA vaccine could afford protection against M. tuberculosis infection, though the protection efficacy was not as great as that of conventional BCG.
    Apmis 01/2009; 116(12):1071-81. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To express Micrococcus luteus resuscitation promoting factor (Rpf) domain and its mutants in prokaryotic cells, and to investigate their bioactivity. The gene of Rpf domain and its mutants (E54K, E54A) were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from the genome of Micrococcus luteus and cloned into pMD18-T vector. After sequenced, the Rpf domain and its mutant gene were subcloned into expression vector PGEX-4T-1, and transfected into E. coli DH5alpha. The expressed product was purified by affinity chromatography using GST Fusion Protein Purification bead. The aim proteins were identified by SDS-PAGE analysis and by Western blot with monoclonal antibodies against Rpf domain (mAb). The bioactivity of the proteins was analyzed by stimulating the resuscitation of Mycobacterium smegmatis. The sequences of the PCR products were identical to those of the Rpf domain and its mutant gene in GenBank. The relative molecular mass identified by SDS-PAGE analysis was consistent with that had been reported, which was also confirmed by Western blot analysis that there were specific bindings at 32 000 with Rpf domain mAb. The purified GST-Rpf domain could stimulate resuscitation of Mycobacterium smegmatis. Replacements E54A and especially E54K resulted in inhibition of Rpf resuscitation activity. Rpf domain and two kinds of its mutant protein were obtained, and its effects on the resuscitation of dormant Mycobacterium smegmatis were clarified.
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 11/2008; 31(10):761-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the immunobiology of Rpf domain from Micrococcus luteus. BALB/c mice were immunized with Rpf domain three times at 2-week interval. ELISA was used to detect the title of the anti-Rpf domain antibody titer in the immunized mice sera. The spleen lymphocytes of the immunized mice were separated and the stimulation index (SI) was measured by MTT colorimetry. The levels of secreted IFN-gamma, IL-10 and IL-12 upon specific antigen stimulation was detected by ELISA. The Rpf domain immunized BALB/c mice were intravenously infected with 10(5) CFU MTB H37Rv. The number of CFU in the spleens was determined four weeks after final injection. The titer of the specific antibody in sera of the immunized BALB/c mice was 1:128 000. The SI of Rpf domain immunized group (2.10+/-0.12) was significantly higher than that of saline immunized group (0.90+/-0.21). The lever of IFN-gamma, IL-10 and IL-12 levels in culture supernatant of spleen lymphocytes from the fusion protein immunized mice was (1 126+/-36) ng/L, (368+/-13) ng/L and (289+/-14) ng/L, respectively, which was markedly higher than that of saline immunized group (P<0.01). Compared with normal saline immunized mice (6.64+/-0.13) four weeks after final injection, dramatic reduction in MTB replication was observed in the spleen (5.03+/-0.11) from the BALB/c mice immunized with fusion proteins. Rpf domain can be used as a candidate for a new TB vaccine.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 07/2008; 24(7):686-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) exposure on the permeability of blood-testicle barrier (BTB) in mice. Adult male BALB/c mice were exposed to EMP at 200 kV/m for 200 pulses with 2 seconds interval. The mice were injected with 2% Evans Blue solution through caudal vein at different time points after exposure, and the permeability of BTB was monitored using a fluorescence microscope. The testis sample for the transmission electron microscopy was prepared at 2 h after EMP exposure. The permeability of BTB in mice was observed by using Evans Blue tracer and lanthanum nitrate tracer. After exposure, cloudy Evans Blue was found in the testicle convoluted seminiferous tubule of mice. Lanthanum nitrate was observed not only between testicle spermatogonia near seminiferous tubule wall and sertoli cells, but also between sertoli cells and primary spermatocyte or secondary spermatocyte. In contrast, lanthanum nitrate in control group was only found in the testicle sertoli cells between seminiferous tubule and near seminiferous tubule wall. EMP exposure could increase the permeability of BTB in the mice.
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 07/2008; 21(3):218-21. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To express Micrococcus luteus Rpf domain in prokaryotic cells and prepare monoclonal antibodies against Rpf domain. The gene encoding Micrococcus luteus Rpf domain was amplified from genome of Micrococcus luteus by polymerase chain reaction(PCR), and inserted into cloning vector pUC-19. After sequenced, Micrococcus luteus Rpf domain gene was subcloned into the expression vector pPro-EXHT and transfected into E.coli DH5alpha. After induced by IPTG, the bacteria controlled by T7 promoter expressed the fused Micrococcus luteus Rpf domain protein with a hexahistidine tail at its N-terminal and the target protein was purified under denaturing conditions. Using this protein as antigen to immunize the BALB/c mice and prepare monoclonal antibodies against Micrococcus luteus Rpf domain. Then specifities and relative affinities of mAbs were identified by ELISA. The fusion protein was purified by metal chelate affinity chromatography under denaturing condition. Three cloned mAbs were prepared from the mice immunized by Rpf domain. All of them could recognize Rpf domain. specifically. The prepared mAbs against Rpf domain have strong specificity with high titers, which provides useful tools for further study of the function of Rpf domain in TB prevention.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 06/2008; 24(5):484-7.
  • Biomedical and Environmental Sciences - BIOMED ENVIRON SCI. 01/2008; 21(3):218-221.
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of human death. Currently, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the only available vaccine against tuberculosis but its efficacy is highly variable. Thus, developing new tuberculosis vaccines becomes an urgent task. In this study, we evaluated in BALB/c mice the humoral and cellular immune responses of recombinant BCG expressing the antigen ESAT-6 from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Escherichia coli-BCG shuttle plasmid named pDE22-esat-6 was constructed by inserting the BamHI/EcoRI digested esat-6 gene PCR product into the similarly digested parental plasmid pDE22. BCG cells were transformed with pDE22-esat-6, which was named recombinant BCG (rBCG). BALB/c mice were immunized subcutaneously on the back with 100 microl normal saline containing 10(6) CFU of BCG or rBCG. They were sacrificed after 4 weeks to detect their humoral and cellular responses. There was no any significant differences in the growth characteristics between the conventional BCG and rBCG. In immunized mice, the IgG antibody titres of rBCG group were as high as 1:8000, which was significantly higher than that in BCG group (1:1400, P < 0.05). The elicited IFN-gamma level of rBCG group was (1993 +/- 106) pg/ml, which was also significantly higher than that in BCG group ((1463 +/- 105) pg/ml, P < 0.05). The splenocyte proliferation index of rBCG group reached 4.34 +/- 0.31, which was higher than that of BCG group (3.79 +/- 0.24, P < 0.05). rBCG secreted expressing antigen ESAT-6 stimulated stronger humoral and cellular immune responses than BCG did, and, therefore may be the better vaccine against mycobacterium tuberculosis.
    Chinese medical journal 07/2007; 120(14):1220-5. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • Chang-hong Shi, Zhi-kai Xu
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 01/2007; 29(12):841-2.
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    ABSTRACT: To study murine humoral and cellular immune response induced by fusion protein ESAT6-CFP10 and to examine its protective efficacy against M. tuberculosis (MTB) in mice. BALB/c mice were immunized subcutaneously on the back with fusion protein ESAT6-CFP10 that was transferred to nitro cellulose (NC) membrane beforehand. Stimulation index (SI) of the spleen lymphocytes of the immunized mice was measured by MTT colorimetry. The level of IFN-gamma and IL-2 and CTL upon antigen-specific stimulation were detected. The vaccinated BALB/c mice were intravenously infected with MTB H37Rv (10(5) CFU/mouse). Four weeks later the number of CFU in spleens was determined. The titer of serum specific antibody in BALB/c mice immunized with fusion protein ESAT6-CFP10 was 1:6,400. The SI of fusion protein immunized group (1.90+/-0.15) was significantly higher than that of saline-immunized group (0.9+/-0.15). The level of IFN-gamma and IL-2 induced by the fusion protein was 1.792+/-19 ng/L and 0.211+/-11 ng/L respectively, which was significantly higher than that of saline-immunized group and lower than that of BCG-immunized group. The specific killing activity of splenocytes was 36%. Compared with the saline-immunized mice (bacterial load was 6.51+/-0.13), MTB number (bacterial load was 5.24+/-0.15) was reduced dramatically in the spleens of BALB/c mice immunized with the fusion protein, but the protective efficacy of the mice immunized with BCG was higher than that of ESAT6-CFP10 vaccinated group. Fusion protein ESAT6-CFP10 can be used as a candidate for novel vaccines.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 08/2006; 22(4):443-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the humoral and cell-mediated immune responses induced by a genetic vaccine expressing the Ag85B-ESAT6 fusion protein, and to investigate its protective effect against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) challenge. Fifty BALB/c mice were randomized into 5 groups and subjected to the following treatments respectively: immunization with normal saline, BCG, pcDNA3, A(Z)-pcDNA3-E(F) and E(Z)-pcDNA3-A(F) for 3 times at 2-week intervals. The stimulation index (SI) of the splenic lymphocytes from the immunized mice was measured by the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method, and the level of secreted IFN-gamma upon antigen-specific stimulation was detected by ELISA. The immunized mice were intravenously infected with 10(5) colony forming unit (CFU) of MTB H(37)Rv. The numbers of MTB CFU in spleens were determined 4 weeks later. The specific antibody titers in the sera of mice immunized with plasmid A(Z)-pcDNA3-E(F) and E(Z)-pcDNA3-A(F) were 1:1,000 and 1:1,500 respectively, and the SI was 2.2 and 2.4 respectively, while the SI of the normal saline group and the plasmid pcDNA3 immunized group was only 0.9 and 1.1 respectively. The IFN-gamma concentrations in cultured supernatant of splenic lymphocytes from mice immunized with plasmid A(Z)-pcDNA3-E(F) [(5.48 +/- 0.38) ng/ml] and E(Z)-pcDNA3-A(F) [(5.76 +/- 0.51) ng/ml] were significantly higher than those of the normal saline group [(0.50 +/- 0.25) ng/ml] and the plasmid pcDNA3 immunized group [(1.20 +/- 0.33) ng/ml, P < 0.05], but were not significantly different with that of the BCG immunized group [(5.55 +/- 0.31) ng/ml]. Compared with plasmid pcDNA3 immunized group, the bacterial load (lg, CFU/g) in spleen was 6.08 +/- 0.25 which dramatically reduced in mice immunized with recombinant plasmids, but the protective efficacy of mice immunized with plasmid A(Z)-pcDNA3-E(F) (4.63 +/- 0.11) or E(Z)-pcDNA3-A(F) (4.50 +/- 0.32) was lower than that of the BCG vaccination group (4.09 +/- 0.27). The cell-mediated immune response induced by genetic vaccine expressing the Ag85B-ESAT6 fusion protein was similar to that induced by BCG immunization.
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 11/2005; 28(11):777-80.
  • Chinese medical journal 06/2005; 118(9):762-5. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of rBCG vaccination containing foreign antigen Der p2 in the form of lipoprotein on murine immune response. 6 to 8 weeks old and newborn BALB/c mice were vaccined intraperitoneally with 10(6) CFU rBCG or BCG. At the same time, the control group was injected with saline. Six weeks later, all animals were injected with Der p2 (20 microg). After two weeks later, the concentrations of IL-4 and IFN-gamma in the serum and splenocyte culture supernatant (STLCS) were determined by ELISA, and Th subgroups were determined by double fluorescent staining and flow cytometry. After vaccination, the serum and STLCS from both rBCG-immunized and BCG-immunized group of adult and newborn BALB/c mice had significantly higher level of IFN-gamma and lower level of IL-4 than those from control groups. Besides, there was the larger percentage of CD4 (+) IFN-gamma (+) cells in spleen from rBCG-vaccined and BCG-vaccined mice than that from control group. However, the percentage of CD4 (+) IL-4 (+) cells in spleen cells from rBCG-vaccined and BCG-vaccined group was lower than that from control group. Moreover, the level of IFN-gamma in STLCS from rBCG-immunized was significantly higher, compared with that from BCG-immunized mice. At the same time, the percentage of CD4 (+) IFN-gamma (+) cells in spleen from rBCG-vaccined mice was larger than that from BCG-vaccined group. Both rBCG and BCG could stimulate Th1 predominant immune response, when injected intraperitoneally into adult or newborn BALB/c mice, The Der p2 expressed on the cell wall of BCG can work as the component of BCG and be recognized by the immune system of mice, therefore stimulates Der p2-specific Th1 predominant immune response. These data indicate that recombinant BCG-expressing antigens can be used as the antigen-specific vaccines against allergic diseases by regulating the balance of Th1/Th2.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 06/2005; 21(3):287-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To screen and construct recombinant BCG strains which express the Ag85B-ESAT6 fusion protein. The heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) and the alpha-ss signal peptide encoding sequence were amplified by PCR from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Rv and cloned into E. coli/Mycobacteria shuttle vector-pOLYG. The resulting expression vector was named pDE22, and then ag85b and esat6 genes were cloned into pDE22 at different sites. The resulting recombinant plasmids Ag85B-ESAT6 and ESAT6-Ag85 were electroporated into BCG. Positive clones were screened by hygromycin resistance and confirmed by PCR. Recombinant BCG culture supernatants were collected and analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. Two recombinant BCG strains were obtained, which secreted the 37,000 fusion protein in their culture supernatant, which was confirmed by Western blot with specific immune serum against Ag85B and ESAT6. Recombinant BCG strains expressing Ag85B and ESAT6 fusion proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were constructed. They may serve as new vaccine candidates for preventing tuberculosis.
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 05/2005; 28(4):254-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To construct the E. coli.-BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) shuttle vector expressing Mycobacterium tuberculosis secreted protein Ag85B-ESAT-6 on the surface of Mycobacterium vaccae. The gene fragment containing 19 000 antigen (19-ss) were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from the Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Ra. We cloned the 19ss gene into the E. coli.-BCG shuttle vector pOLYG and named the pCW, which can shuttle and express exogenous antigen gene on cell wall of Mycobacterium. Then Mycobacterium tuberculosis secret protein Ag85B and ESAT-6 gene were cloned into the vector and determined by indirect immunofluorescence. The sequence of 19-ss gene was identified with Genbank reported by sequencing. The constructed E. coli.-BCG shuttle vector using 19ss gene had the function of shuttle between E. coli. and Mycobacteria. By indirect immunofluorescence technique the secreted protein Ag85B-ESAT-6 can be fused and expressed on surface of Mycobacterium vaccae. The E. coli.-BCG shuttle vector is constructed successfully which could express exogenous antigen gene as a chimeric exported membrane.
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 05/2004; 27(4):249-52.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the fused expression of secreted protein Ag85B-ESAT6 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and to provide a promising preventive subunit vaccine against tuberculosis. The gene encoding Ag85B and ESAT6 protein was amplified by PCR from genome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Rv strain, and inserted into cloning vector P(GEM)-T-easy. After sequence analysis, and digestion by restriction endonuclease, Ag85B-ESAT6 was cloned into corresponding sites of the expression vector P(PRO) EXHT, and the recombinant plasmid was transformed into expressive strain E. coli DH5 alpha, induced with IPTG and fusion protein was purified by Ni-NTA purification system. The specific antibody titer in the sera of BALB/c mouse immunized with two fusion protein was detected by ELISA. The sequences of Ag85B and ESAT6 by PCR amplification were identical to those reported by GenBank. The recombinant plasmid fused expression protein of Ag85B-ESAT6 with relative molecular mass (Mr) of 37,000, which was confirmed by Western-blot analysis with specific monoclonal antibody against 6 x HismAb. The fused expression protein was insoluble. It could be purified by Ni-NTA purification system. The specific antibody titer in the sera of BALB/c mouse immunized with fusion Ag85B-ESAT6 was 1:1000 and that of mouse immunized with fusion protein ESAT6-Ag85B was 1:5000. Secreted protein Ag85B-ESAT6 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was successfully fused expressed in E. Coli DH5 alpha. It may become a new type of vaccine against tuberculosis.
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 03/2004; 27(2):89-92.

Publication Stats

48 Citations
9.37 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Second Artillery Corps General Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2004–2011
    • Fourth Military Medical University
      • • Department of Radiation Medicine
      • • Department of Pathogenic MIcrobiology
      Xi’an, Liaoning, China
  • 2005
    • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China