K. Jurga

Adam Mickiewicz University, Posen, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (42)53.28 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate)(PEN)/polycarbonate(PC) blends with the weight ratio of homopolymers 50/50 wt./wt. were prepared by injection moulding using the Engel machine ES. One mixture was synthesized without the compatibilizer and the second with the compatibilizer SMAC (Samarium acetylacetonate hydrate). The influence of the compatibilizer on the physical and mechanical properties of the PEN/PC blends was investigated. The thermal properties of the new synthesized blends were studied by the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The molecular dynamics of the polymer blends was studied by the off-resonance NMR. The correlation times of the internal motions and the spectral density function amplitudes were estimated on the basis of the dispersion of the spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating frame off-resonance. The rheological properties of the studied blends were investigated by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA). The temperature dependencies of the storage modulus G’, of the loss modulus G’’ and of the loss tangent (tanδ) were analysed in order to evaluate the relaxation processes in the studied systems. The analysis of the DMTA data revealed the existence of two primary (α1 and α2) and two secondary (β and γ) relaxation processes in the blend of PEN/PC 50/50 wt./wt. and one primary (α) and two secondary (β and γ) relaxation processes in the blend of PEN/PC 50/50 wt./wt. with the compatibilizer. The motional parameters for the above - mentioned relaxation processes were calculated using the Havriliak – Negami formalism. The comparative analysis of the DSC, NMR off-resonance and DMTA results led to the clarification of the molecular motion in the PEN/PC 50/50 wt./wt. blends.
    European Polymer Journal 01/2015; 64. DOI:10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2014.12.039 · 3.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new method for fast 2D Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Imaging (EPRI) is presented. To reduce the time of projections acquisition we propose to combine rapid scan of Zeeman magnetic field using high frequency sinusoidal modulation with simultaneously applied magnetic field gradient, whose orientation is changed at low frequency. The correctness of the method is confirmed by studies carried out on a phantom consisting of two LiPc samples. The images from the acquired data are reconstructed using iterative algorithms. The proposed method allows to reduce the image acquisition time up to 10ms for 2D EPRI, and to detect the sinogram with infinitesimal angular step between projections. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance 11/2014; 248. DOI:10.1016/j.jmr.2014.09.022 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A comprehensive study of molecular dynamics and structure in new heterogenous nanocomposites based on poly(butylene terephthalate) and nanoparticles C60 modified by n-decylamine or tetracyanoethylene oxide has been performed. The domain structure of new nanocomposites has been investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, wide-angle X-ray scattering, and differential scanning calorimetry techniques. Solid-state 1H NMR techniques were used to study molecular dynamics and domain sizes in new nanocomposites. Information about the electronic properties of these nanocomposites was obtained by means of electron paramagnetic resonance method. It was shown that the structure and molecular dynamics of new nanocomposites were strongly dependent on the properties and concentration of fullerene derivates.
    Journal of Applied Physics 05/2014; 115(20):204914. DOI:10.1063/1.4880297 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new method for fast spectral-spatial electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI) is presented. To reduce the time of projections acquisition we propose to combine rapid scan of Zeeman magnetic field using high frequency sinusoidal modulation with simultaneously applied magnetic field gradients, whose amplitude is modulated at low frequency. The correctness of the method is confirmed by studies carried out on a phantom consisting of two LiPc samples. The spectral-spatial images from the acquired data are reconstructed using iterative algorithms. The proposed method allows to acquire the spectral-spatial image with 800 projections at 200ms.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance 03/2014; 243C:1-7. DOI:10.1016/j.jmr.2014.03.001 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The magnet and gradient systems suitable for electron paramagnetic resonance imaging experiments at RF range are presented. The air-core magnet based on the Helmholtz design in the article has a unique conical shape. A comprehensive study regarding the coils adjustment providing for the maximum field homogeneity is given. The z gradient is a four-coil system (seventh order), the transverse gradients are Golay coils (fifth order), and the scan system is the Helmholtz coil (fourth order). The magnet generates continuously a field of 37 mT (370 G), and the orthogonal gradient coils are designed to yield 100 mT/m (10 G/cm). The experimental tests have shown that the field generated is homogeneous to ±10 ppm in the 6 × 6 × 3 cm3 region (x/y/z), which is our field of interest, and to ±50 ppm in the 8 × 8 × 4 cm3 region (x/y/z). The system has the potential to monitor temporal changes of oxygen concentration in biological samples. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Concepts Magn Reson Part B (Magn Reson Engineering) 43B:22–31, 2013
    Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part B Magnetic Resonance Engineering 02/2013; 43B(1). DOI:10.1002/cmr.b.21228 · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The design and construction of a high-performance, low-cost, and easy to assemble adiabatic extension set for homebuilt and commercial spectrometers is described. Described apparatus set was designed for the fast adiabatic passage generation and is based on direct digital synthesizer DDS. This solution gives generator high signal to noise ratio, phase stability even during frequency change which is only possible in expansive commercial high-end hardware. Critical synchronization and timing issues are considered and solutions are discussed. Different experimental conditions and techniques for the measurements are briefly discussed. The proposed system is very flexible and might be used for the measurement of low-frequency nuclear magnetic resonance.
    Applied Magnetic Resonance 10/2012; 43(3):331-340. DOI:10.1007/s00723-012-0372-3 · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • Z. Fojud · E. Szczesniak · K. Jurga · S. Jurga
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    ABSTRACT: The relation between molecular dynamics and phase properties of the bilayered compound C12H25NH3C1 is studied by differential scanning calorimetry, proton second moment, and spin-lattice relaxation times. In the low-temperature phase I of the compound methyl and ammonium groups execute a classical threefold reorientation, while the alkylammonium chains are rigid on the nuclear magnetic resonance time scale. In the intermediate-temperature phase δ a trans-gauche isomerization of the alkyl chains is observed. In the high-temperature phase α the reorientation of the whole chains about their long axes, which are parallel to the normal to the ionic layer is evidenced. In the metastable ε phase the dynamics involves classical rotation of methyl and ammonium groups and CH2 groups motion of the trans-gauche isomerization type.
    Applied Magnetic Resonance 04/2012; 19(3):413-420. DOI:10.1007/BF03162384 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The paper describes the process of the preparation of new nanocomposites based on poly(butylene terephthalate) and C60 nanoparticles modified by decylamine (DA) and tetracyanoethylene oxide (TCNEO), respectively. Thermal and crystallization properties of new synthesized nanocomposites were investigated by means of thermal differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The experimental results demonstrate the effect of fullerene derivates, DA-C60 and TCNEO-C60, on the melting and crystallinity processes of nanocomposites. The morphology of new nanocomposites was investigated by SEM.
    Journal of Nanomaterials 01/2012; 2012. DOI:10.1155/2012/932573 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The solid-state 1H NMR on-resonance and off-resonance techniques have been performed to study molecular dynamics and domain sizes in heterogenous nanocomposites based on poly(butylene terephthalate) and nanoparticles C60 modified by n-decylamine (DA) or tetracyanoethylene oxide (TCNEO), respectively. The spin-lattice off-resonance relaxation times in the rotating frame T1ρoff as well as the second moment M2 of the absorption line were analysed as a function of temperature. To determine the size of heterogeneities and characterize the morphology of the nanocomposites, the 1H NMR spin-diffusion experiment designed by Goldman–Shen [1,2] was performed. The results from the measurements allow us to investigate the spin-diffusion phenomenon and relaxation behavior of the new nanocomposites.
    Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 02/2011; 357(3):1164–1171. DOI:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.11.026 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper reports on design and construction of a double coil high-homogeneity ensuring Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Probe for off-resonance relaxation time measurements. NMR off-resonance experiments pose unique technical problems. Long irradiation can overheat the sample, dephase the spins because of B(1) field inhomogeneity and degrade the signal received by requiring the receiver bandwidth to be broader than that needed for normal experiment. The probe proposed solves these problems by introducing a separate off-resonance irradiation coil which is larger than the receiver coil and is wound up on the dewar tube that separates it from the receiver coil thus also thermally protects the sample from overheating. Large size of the irradiation coil also improves the field homogeneity because as a ratio of the sample diameter to the magnet (coil) diameter increases, the field inhomogeneity also increases (Blümich et al., 2008) [1]. The small receiver coil offers maximization of the filling factor and a high signal to the noise ratio.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance 01/2011; 208(1):163-6. DOI:10.1016/j.jmr.2010.10.018 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The frequency dependence of spin–lattice relaxation times measured by means of Fast Field Cycling (FFC) Relaxometry and spin locking on and off-resonance NMR techniques were used to study the molecular dynamics of poly(ethylene oxide) polymer in the confined and bulk phases of PEO/MMT nanocomposite systems. The Rouse model, the renormalized Rouse formalism and the concept of reptation were applied to describe the polymer behavior in the samples studied. The polymer dynamics was found to depend on the molecular weight of the polymer intercalated in the clay structure. Analysis of the NMR T1(ν) profiles allowed discrimination of the molecular dynamics of polymer chains at different locations in the nanocomposite structure.Two components of the T1 spin–lattice relaxation times were indicated for low molecular weight PEO polymers using the FFC method. The longer one was connected with the bulk polymer, whereas the shorter one was attributed to the intercalated polymer fraction. Analysis of the correlation times indicated that polymer confined in montmorillonite galleries is more rigid than that in the bulk phase. To determine the two phases of the polymer for the high molecular weights polymers, additional methods were applied: spin locking, off-resonance NMR techniques and inversion-recovery experiment at a static magnetic field.
    Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 05/2010; 356(20-22-356):945-951. DOI:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.02.005 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relaxation processes as well as the properties of new polymer nanocomposites poly(butylene terephthalate)/decylamine/fullerene have been studied by the (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance methods. The correlation times and the activation energies of molecular motions in the nanocomposites were determined. The thermal transitions (glass transition, crystallization and melting events) of these nanocomposites have been investigated by the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 04/2010; 356(11):647-651. DOI:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.11.045 · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • Solid State Phenomena 01/2006; 112:93-100. DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.112.93
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    ABSTRACT: The low frequency region in the generalized phonon density of states has been measured for ethisterone by means of neutron scattering. Assignment of the spectral features is facilitated by comparison with results from molecular simulations. The torsional out-of-plane modes of two methyl groups are separated. This finding is consistent with the results of 1H NMR studies.
    Chemical Physics 10/2005; DOI:10.1016/j.chemphys.2005.06.043 · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proton spin-lattice relaxation timesT 1 in 17α hydroxy- and 21 hydroxy-progesterones have been performed in the temperature range from 100 to 400 K at the frequencies of 30 and 90 MHz. The dynamic processes involving the methyl group reorientation about the threefold symmetry axis of the C−C bond are separated, and their activation parameters are determined.
    Applied Magnetic Resonance 06/2005; 29(2):195-204. DOI:10.1007/BF03167007 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the work was to examine molecular dynamics of a series of poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate)-polycarbonate blends with changing weight ratio of copolymers by off-resonance nuclear magnetic resonance technique. It was shown that this technique provides information about the correlation times of the internal motions. The spectral density function amplitudes were estimated on the basis of the dispersion of the spin-lattice relaxation time off-resonanceT lpoff. The measurements were performed for two series of blends which had been injection moulded with and without compatibilizer. The new polymer materials were also characterized using differential scanning calorimetry. Samples obtained after injection moulding and annealing became amorphous, which indicates that a reaction of transesterification process between the two polymers occurred.
    Applied Magnetic Resonance 06/2005; 29(2):221-229. DOI:10.1007/BF03167010 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spin-lattice NMR relaxation times T1 in the laboratory frame and T1rho(off) as well as T1rho(off) in the rotating frame off-resonance were employed to the study of molecular dynamics of both pristine PPS and thermally treated poly(p-phenylene sulfide) (PPS). The temperature dependence of T1 was exponential in the whole temperature range studied, whereas T1rho only in low temperatures. In the high temperature range the distribution of relaxation times T1rho and correlation times tau(c) as well as activation energy Ea was observed. The distribution of activation energy determined from T1 minima at 15 and 30 MHz and from low temperature slopes of T1rho dependence as well as from spectral density functions (estimated from proton off-resonance technique) was attributed to the reorientation of phenylene groups around the sulfur-phenyl-sulfur axis in amorphous and crystalline phases of PPS. Furthermore, it is suggested that an additional relaxation mechanism related to interactions of protons with paramagnetic centers is operative in a low temperature range. After thermal treatment of PPS the low temperature minima disappeared and the relaxation times shortened in the low temperature regime. Both these facts were attributed to an increased contribution of spin diffusion in the relaxation process.
    Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 02/2004; 25(1-3):47-52. DOI:10.1016/j.ssnmr.2003.03.014 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to check the effect of the cation on the molecular dynamics of the anion, which is not directly observed, in different phases of the following compounds: (C4H8NH2)SbCl6(C4H8NH2)Cl, (C4H8NH2)SbCl6 and (4-apyH)ClO4, (4-apyH)SbCl4.
    Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 02/2004; 25(1-3):129-132. DOI:10.1016/j.ssnmr.2003.03.002 · 2.86 Impact Factor
  • K Jurga · Z Fojud · A Woźniak-Braszak
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    ABSTRACT: A prototype NMR probe for long RF pulse has been constructed. Its main elements are two coils mounted in the concentric position. The first bigger coil is wound around a glass dewar tube and the second smaller coil is placed inside the dewar. These two coils are thermally isolated by the dewar. A long and strong RF pulse is applied to the bigger coil. The smaller detection coil inside the dewar contains a sample and to this coil a short RF pulse is applied. The two coils are independently tuned and electrically isolated. During the operation of the strong RF pulse the smaller coil has a high resistance to ground (very low Q factor) and does not absorb energy from the bigger coil. During the operation of the short on-resonance RF pulse the bigger coil is detuned to a higher frequency, but the resonance circuit with the small coil is in the electrical resonance. The NMR probe may be used in off-resonance experiments in which long and strong RF pulses are applied to the bigger coil and thereby the problem of the sample overheating is avoided.
    Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 02/2004; 25(1-3):119-24. DOI:10.1016/j.ssnmr.2003.05.001 · 2.86 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

134 Citations
53.28 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1980–2015
    • Adam Mickiewicz University
      • • Faculty of Physics
      • • Department of Macromolecular Physics
      • • Department of High Pressure Physics
      Posen, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland
  • 2012–2014
    • Poznan University of Technology
      • Institute of Materials Technology
      Posen, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland
  • 1992
    • University of South Africa
      • Department of Physics
      Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
  • 1987–1992
    • University of Florida
      • Department of Physics
      Gainesville, Florida, United States