Xiao-mei Xie

Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (11)12.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: By using balance reaction method, this paper studied the adsorption characteristics and thermodynamic properties of DNA on four kinds of red soil colloids (organic matter-contained coarse clay, organic matter-removed coarse clay, organic matter-contained fine clay, and organic matter-removed fine clay). The DNA adsorption on the four red soil colloids was a process of fast reaction, and the adsorption isotherms were conformed to the Langmuir equation, with the corresponding correlation coefficient (r2) being 0.974, 0. 991, 0. 958, and 0. 975, respectively. The maximum adsorption amount of DNA on the colloidal particles followed the order of organic matter-contained fine clay > organic matter-removed fine clay > organic matter-contained coarse clay > organic matter-removed coarse clay, implying that the size and organic matter content of colloidal particles played an important role in DNA adsorption. Electrolyte concentration and type and adsorption system pH were the main factors affecting the DNA adsorption on the four soil colloids. Within a definite electrolyte concentration range (NaCl < 60 mmol . L-1 and CaCl2 <10 mmol L-1) , the adsorption amount of DNA on the red soil colloids increased significantly with the increase of electrolyte concentration. As compared with sodium ion, calcium ion had a greater promotion effect on the DNA adsorption, but the effect decreased significantly with the increase of adsorption system pH. The DNA adsorption on the organic matter-contained red soil colloids was an endothermic reaction, while the DNA adsorption on the organic matter-removed red soil colloids was an exothermic reaction. The DNA adsorption on the red soil colloids was a process of entropy increase.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 03/2013; 24(3):764-70.
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) root-exudates concentration on pyrene degradation and the microbial ecological characteristics in the pyrene contaminated soil was investigated by simulating a gradually reducing concentration of root exudates with the distance away from root surface in the rhizosphere. Results showed that, after the root-exudates were added 15 d, the pyrene residue in contaminated soil responded nonlinearly in the soils with the same pyrene contaminated level as the added root-exudates concentration increased, which decreased first and increased latter with the increase of the added root-exudates concentration. The lowest pyrene concentration appeared when the root exudates concentration of 32.75 mg kg(-1) total organic carbon (TOC) was added. At the same time, changes of microbial biomass carbon (MBC, C(mic)) and microbial quotient (C(mic)/C(org)) were opposite to the trend of pyrene degradation as the added root-exudates concentration increased. Phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis revealed that bacteria was the dominating microbial community in pyrene contaminated soil, and the changing trends of pyrene degradation and bacteria number were the same. The changing trend of endoenzyme-dehydrogenase activity was in accordance with that of soil microbe, indicating which could reflect the quantitative characteristic of detoxification to pyrene by soil microbe. The changes in the soils microbial community and corresponding microbial biochemistry characteristics were the ecological mechanism influencing pyrene degradation with increasing concentration of the added root-exudates in the pyrene contaminated soil.
    Chemosphere 04/2012; 88(10):1190-5. · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • Xiao-mei Xie, Min Liao, Jing Yang
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    ABSTRACT: By simulating a gradually decreasing concentration of root exudates with the distance away from root surface in rhizosphere, this paper studied the effects of ryegrass (Lolium perenne) root exudates dose on the pyrene degradation and microbial ecological characteristics in a pyrene-contaminated soil. It was observed that with the increasing dose of ryegrass root exudates, the residual amount of soil pyrene changed nonlinearly, i. e. , increased after an initial decrease. When the root exudates dose was 32.75 mg kg(-1) of total organic carbon, the residual pyrene was the minimum, indicating that the root exudates at this dose stimulated pyrene degradation significantly. In the meantime, soil microbial biomass carbon and microbial quotient had an opposite trend, suggesting the close relationship between pyrene degradation and soil microbes. In the test soil, microbial community was dominated by bacteria, and the bacteria had the same variation trend as the pyrene degradation, which indicated that the pyrene was degraded mainly by bacteria, and the effects of root exudates on pyrene degradation were mainly carried out through the effects on bacterial population. There was a similar variation trend between the activity of soil dehydrogenase, a microbial endoenzyme catalyzing the dehydrogenation of organic matter, and the soil microbes, which further demonstrated that the variations of soil microbes and their biochemical characteristics were the ecological mechanisms affecting the pyrene degradation in the pyrene-contaminated soil when the ryegrass root exudates dose increased.
    Ying yong sheng tai xue bao = The journal of applied ecology / Zhongguo sheng tai xue xue hui, Zhongguo ke xue yuan Shenyang ying yong sheng tai yan jiu suo zhu ban 10/2011; 22(10):2718-24.
  • Min LIAO, Xiao-mei XIE, Ying PENG, Ai-li MA
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between Solidago canadensis L. invasion and soil microbial communities was studied across the invasive gradients varying from 0 to 40, 80, and 100% coverage of S. canadensis. The results showed both soil microbial biomass C (Cmic) and N (Nmic) increased as the coverage of S. canadensis increased. Soil microbial quotient Cmic/Corg (microbial biomass C/organic C) tended to increase linearly with the coverage of S. canadensis. Soil basal respiration (BR) also showed a similar trend. The soil respiratory quotient qC02 decreased with S. canadensis invasion, and remained at quite a constantly low level in the invasive soils. Sole carbon source utilization profiles analyses indicated that S. canadensis invasion tended to result in higher microbial functional diversity in the soil. Average utilization of specific substrate guilds was highest in the soil with S. canadensis monoculture. Principle component analysis of sole carbon source utilization profiles further indicated that microbial functional diversity in the soil with S. canadensis monoculture was distinctly separated from those soils in the native area and the ecotones. In conclusion, S. canadensis invasion improved soil microbial biomass, respiration and utilization of carbon sources, and decreased qC02, thus created better soil conditions, which in turn were more conducive to the growth of S. canadensis.
    Agricultural Sciences in China - AGRIC SCI CHINA. 01/2011; 10(7):1064-1071.
  • Min Liao, Hai-jun Zhang, Xiao-mei Xie
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    ABSTRACT: By incubation experiment, the bacterial strain labeled as M6R9 was isolated from the tame sludge in water course of Pesticide Factory of Hangzhou, and was identified as Enterobacter aerogenes, which had highly efficient degradation for Bifenthrin, Fenpropathrin and Cypermethrin. By investigating the physiological characteristics of the strain, the results show that the bacterium is a gram-negative aerobe bacilli, size is (0.8-1.9) microm x (0.5-1.0) microm, and is capable of utilizing Bifenthrin, Fenpropathrin and Cypermethrin as sole carbon source. Under the condition of ventilation, (25-30) degrees C, inoculated amount at D(415 nm) 0.2, pH 7.0, pesticide concentration 100 mg x L(-1) and vibrational speed 180 r x min(-1), the degradation efficiencies to Bifenthrin, Fenpropathrin and Cypermethrin are the highest by strain M6R9. Under such condition, in the mixture culture medium with 100 mg x L(-1) Bifenthrin, Fenpropathrin and Cypermethrin, the degradation ratios are 55.74%, 55.11% and 55.96% after culturing 3 d, respectively, the degradation processes are fitted for first-order kinetic equation and the half lives (t(1/2)) are 65.4,70.7 and 68.6 h respectively. The degradation ability of Enterobacter aerogenes M6R9 on Bifenthrin, Fenpropathrin and Cypermethrin is positively correlated to inoculated amount,vibrational speed and ventilation.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 08/2009; 30(8):2445-51.
  • Min LIAO, Xiao-Mei XIE
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    ABSTRACT: Adsorption isotherms of metsulfuron and bensulfuron on a hexadecy ltrimethylammonium (HDTMA) bromide-modified paddy soil under different ionic strengths, with divalent cation Cu2+, or having different pH were studied to describe their adsorptive behavior, and to try to explain the adsorption process of a sulfonylurea compound with a carbamoylsulfamoyl group in the modified soil environment. All the adsorption isotherms fitted the Freundlich equation well, and the HDTMA treatment of paddy soil dramatically enhanced adsorption capacity of metsulfuron or bensulfuron. Also, an increase of ionic strength and the addition of divalent heavy metal cation Cu2+ on the HDTMA-modified paddy soil increased the adsorption of metsulfuron or bensulfuron. Additionally, for metsulfuron and bensulfuron in the aqueous phase, adsorption capacity of the HDTMA-modified paddy soil gradually increased with decreasing pH.
    Pedosphere 02/2007; 17(1):101–108. · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Min LIAO, Xiao-Mei XIE
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    ABSTRACT: Adsorption isotherms of metsulfuron and bensulfuron on a hexadecy ltrimethylammonium (HDTMA) bromide-modified paddy soil under different ionic strengths, with divalent cation Cu2+, or having different pH were studied to describe their adsorptive behavior, and to try to explain the adsorption process of a sulfonylurea compound with a carbamoylsulfamoyl group in the modified soil environment. All the adsorption isotherms fitted the Freundlich equation well, and the HDTMA treatment of paddy soil dramatically enhanced adsorption capacity of metsulfuron or bensulfuron. Also, an increase of ionic strength and the addition of divalent heavy metal cation Cu2+ on the HDTMA-modified paddy soil increased the adsorption of metsulfuron or bensulfuron. Additionally, for metsulfuron and bensulfuron in the aqueous phase, adsorption capacity of the HDTMA-modified paddy soil gradually increased with decreasing pH.
    Pedosphere 01/2007; 17(1):101-108. · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Min Liao, Xiao-Mei Xie
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    ABSTRACT: The degradative characteristics of phenanthrene, microbial biomass carbon, plate counts of heterotrophic bacteria and most probable number (MPN) of phenanthrene degraders in non-rhizosphere or rhizosphere soils with uninoculating or inoculating phenanthrene degraders were measured. At the initial concentration of 20 mg phenanthrene/kg soil, the half-lives of phenanthrene in uninoculated non-rhizosphere soil, uninoculated rhizosphere soil, inoculated non-rhizosphere soil, and inoculated rhizosphere soil were measured to be 81.5, 47.8, 15.1 and 6.4 d, respectively, and corresponding kinetic data fitted first-order kinetics. The highest degradation rate of phenanthrene was observed in inoculated rhizosphere soil. The degradative characteristics of phenanthrene were closely related to the effects of vegetation on soil microbial process. Vegetation could enhance the magnitude of rhizosphere microbial communities, microbial biomass content, and heterotrophic bacterial community, but barely influence those community components responsible for phenanthrene degradation. Results suggested that combination of vegetation and inoculation with degrading microorganisms of target organic contaminants was a better pathway to enhance degradation of the organic contaminants in soil.
    Journal of Environmental Sciences 02/2006; 18(3):510-3. · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • Xiao-mei Xie, Wei-ping Liu, Subhani Abid
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    ABSTRACT: Rapid degradation of bensulfuron-methyl upon repeated application in paddy soils was studied. The results showed that the DT50 of bensulfuron-methyl was reduced from 16 d to 9 d in soil with one-year bensulfuron-methyl application. Rapid bensulfuron-methyl degradation was happened to previously untreated soil by addition 5% rapid bensulfuron-methyl adapted soil and was inhibited following pre-treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotic chloramphenicol. In bensulfuron-methyl adapted soil mineralisation of 14C labeled bensulfuronmethyl to 14CO2 occurred at a faster rate than with previously untreated soil. It was concluded that rapid bensulfuron-methyl degradation upon repeated application is probably linked to the adaptation of soil bacteria which can utilize bensulfuron-methyl as a source of carbon and energy.
    Journal of Environmental Sciences 02/2004; 16(1):49-52. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of triazophos, bensulfuron-methyl, chlobenthiazone on soil biochemical characteristics in a paddy soil under controlled moisture (flooded soil) and temperature (25 degrees C) condition was studied. The electron transport system (ETS)/dehydrogenase activity displayed a negative correlation with triazophos, bensulfuron-methyl, chlobenthiazone concentrations, and the activity decreased as the concentration of the pesticides increased. The higher doses, 5 and 10 field rates, of triazophos, bensulfuron-methyl, chlobenthiazone significantly inhibited ETS activity, while lower rates failed to produce any significant reducing effect against the control. The relative toxicity of triazophos, bensulfuron-methyl, chlobenthiazone in decreasing the ETS activity was in the order: triazophos > chlobenthiazone > bensulfuron-methyl, irrespective of the rates of application. Triazophos, bensulfuron-methyl, chlobenthiazone caused an improvement in the soil phenol content and it increased with increasing concentration of triazophos, bensulfuron-methyl, chlobenthiazone. Triazophos, bensulfuron-methyl, chlobenthiazone incorporation did not produce any significant change in soil protein content. The response of biomass phospholipid content was nearly similar to ETS activity. The phospholipid content was decreased with the addition of triazophos, bensulfuron-methyl, chlobenthiazone in the order of triazophos > chlobenthiazone > bensulfuron-methyl; and the toxicity of applied amount was in the order: 10 FR (field rate) > 5 FR > 1.0 FR > 0.5 FR > control.
    Journal of Environmental Sciences 02/2004; 16(2):252-5. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    Min Liao, Xiao-Mei Xie
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    ABSTRACT: Adsorption of phenthoate and acetochlor onto kaolin, montmorillonite, bentonite clays and respective organoclays prepared by the exchange of quaternary ammonium as tetradecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide(TTAB), dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB), and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) were studied. The adsorption equilibrium data points were fitted to Freundlich isotherm equations. The adsorption of phenthoate and acetochlor were significantly enhanced by surfactant treatment of the clays. The amount of both pesticides adsorbed per unit mass of organoclay followed the order of TTA-kaolin < TTA-montmorillonite < TTA-bentonite, which is inconsistent with the organic carbon content of the clays. The removal efficiency of organomontmorillonite to treat acetochlor is in the order of CP (C16)-montmorillonite > TTA (C14)-montmorillonite > DTA (C12)-montmorillonite. Phenthoate is adsorbed to greater extent than acetochlor by each adsorbent, which may be due to the higher hydrophobicity of phenthoate, indicating considerable hydrophobic interaction between adsorbent/adsorbate systems.
    Journal of Environmental Sciences 01/2004; 16(5):738-41. · 1.77 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

25 Citations
12.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2012
    • Zhejiang University
      • • College of Environmental and Resource Sciences
      • • Department of Resource Sciences
      • • Department of Environmental Science
      Hangzhou, Zhejiang Sheng, China