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ABSTRACT: Postprandial plasma immunoreactive active glucagon-like peptide-1 (p-active GLP-1) levels in type 1 diabetic patients who did not use bolus insulin responded normally following ingestion of test meal, while a small response of p-active GLP-1 levels was seen in type 2 diabetic patients. To determine whether p-active GLP-1 levels are affected by ingestion of test meal in type 1 diabetic Japanese patients who used bolus rapid-acting insulin analogues, plasma glucose (PG), serum immunoreactive insulin (s-IRI), serum immunoreactive C-peptide (s-CPR), and p-active GLP-1 levels were measured 0, 30, and 60 min after ingestion of test meal in Japanese patients without diabetic complications (n=10, group 1) and control subjects with normal glucose tolerance (n=15, group 2). HbA1c levels were also measured in these groups. The patients in group 1 were treated with multiple daily injections or CSII using injections of bolus rapid-acting insulin analogues before ingestion of test meal. There was no significant difference in mean of sex, age, or BMI between groups. Means of HbA1c, basal and postprandial PG, and postprandial s-IRI levels with integrated areas under curves (0-60 min) (AUC) in group 1 were significantly higher than those in group 2. Means of basal and postprandial s-CPR, and postprandial p-active GLP-1 levels with AUCs were significantly lower in group 1 than in group 2. These results indicated that postprandial p-active GLP-1 levels following ingestion of test meal in type 1 diabetic Japanese patients using bolus rapid-acting insulin analogues were decreased relative to those in controls.
Endocrine Journal 08/2011; 58(10):905-11. · 2.23 Impact Factor