[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: As wandering in the demented is difficult to define qualitatively, we tride to define it quantitatively. We investigated the relationship between wandering and rhythm abnormalities.Methods: In order to study the pacing rhythms of wanderers observed in a subgroup of demented inpatients (dementia due to Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia), we assessed 115 inpatients in terms of steps during four parts of a day and total daily steps using a pedometer.As the mean+2 S.D. of total daily steps in the nondemented was 9,979, we defined 10,000 steps in a day as the cut off for defining demented wanderers versus nonwanderers. Then, the pacing rhythms (nadir part and amplitude) were compared among demented wanderers, demented nonwanderers and nondemented subjects.Results: That there were no statistically significant differences among the three groups. But wandering groups defined by pedometer exhibited many of the same characteristics in wanderers observed in other studies.Conclusion: The quantification of steps might provide a good hallmark of wandering behaviors in the demented, and these results might indicate hyperpacing rather than rhythm dysfunctions to be essential to wandering behavior.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a 51-year-old female with Pick's disease with Pick bodies (PDPB) showing a brainweight of 530 g. This case was considered to be a very rare case of PDPB, in which the lesion developed in the temporal and frontal lobes and later spread to the parietal lobe, occipital lobe, brainstem, cerebellum and spinal cord. This case showed very atypical clinicopathological findings. Clinically, bulging eyes and myoclonus were observed. Neuropathologically, Pick bodies were widely distributed beyond the usual distribution areas to the parietal cortices, occipital cortices, dentate nuclei, motor neuron nuclei in the brain stem, and spinal cord. The atypical clinical symptoms and the widespread neuropathological abnormalities observed in this case seem to represent an extremely extended form of PDPB.