Xin-Rong Zhao

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (3)4.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) has been used as an anti-fertility vaccine and as a target for cancer immunotherapy. We have explored the use of three copies of C3d in DNA vaccine as molecular adjuvant to improve the immunogenicity of this hormone in previous work and found that the immune response induced by pcDNA3-hCGbeta-C3d3 has been enhanced 243-fold compared with pcDNA3-hCGbeta following DNA immunization in BALB/c mice. In the present study, a new functionally active DNA vaccine of hCGbeta-C3d3 chimera based on pCMV4 vector has been described. We compared the expression efficiency of pCMV4 and pcDNA3 eukaryotic vectors for hCGbeta and hCGbeta-C3d3 fusion protein and the immune response of mice immunized with pcDNA3-hCGbeta, pCMV4-hCGbeta, pcDNA3-hCGbeta-C3d3 and pCMV4-hCGbeta-C3d3, respectively, at 25, 50 and 100 pmol dose, and further analyzed the levels of Th1 and Th2 cytokines produced by spleen lymphocytes of the immunized mice upon hCG restimulation in vitro. It was found that pCMV4 vector achieved 1.3-1.5-fold higher protein expression and raised 1.1-1.2 (primary) and 1.2-1.3 (booster) logs higher titer of anti-hCGbeta IgG than pcDNA3. Mice vaccinated with 50 pmol of hCGbeta-C3d3-DNAs elicited the highest titer of hCGbeta-specific antibody among the serial doses and the immune response induced by pCMV4-hCGbeta-C3d3 were, respectively, 1.3, 1.3 and 1.2 logs higher than that of pcDNA3-hCGbeta-C3d3 and 2.2, 2.9 and 2.4 logs higher than that of pCMV4-hCGbeta at week 2 following the booster immunization. Moreover, we observed that the production of IL-4 and IL-10 increased in mice vaccinated with hCGbeta-C3d3-DNAs and the ratio of IL-4/IFN-(gamma) showed a Th2 bias of immune response in the mice immunized with hCGbeta-C3d3-DNAs. These findings indicated that gene fusion of C3d3 to hCGbeta, as a means of harnessing the adjuvant potential of the innate immune system, may improve the antigen-specific Th2 humoral immune response of the hCGbeta DNA vaccine and the pCMV4 vector is a more ideal eukaryotic vector for DNA vaccine than pcDNA3.
    The Journal of Gene Medicine 05/2006; 8(4):498-505. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To express the hCGbeta-C3d3 fusion protein in a CHO cell continual expression system to investigate further the adjuvant effects of C3d on contraceptive vaccination. We constructed a plasmid pcDNA3-hCGbeta-C3d3 which contains three copies of murine C3d cDNA and the hCGbeta gene by cloning the chimerical hCGbeta-C3d3 cDNA into the eukaryotic vector pcDNA3 downstream of the CMV promoter. The plasmid was transfected into a COS-7 cell transient expression system and a CHO cell continual expression system. RIA was used to detect hCGbeta in the culture supernatant. Western blot and Raji cell immunohistochemical assays were performed to evaluate the expressed protein. Then, 6-8-week-old female BALB/c mice were inoculated intramuscularly with pcDNA3-hCGbeta and pcDNA3-hCGbeta-C3d3, and ELISA was used to assess anti-hCGbeta IgG antibody in serum. In 72 h after COS-7 cells were transfected with the plasmid pcDNA3-hCGbeta-C3d3, 1.0x10(5) cells could secrete 152 ng of the recombinant protein (calculated by hCGbeta contained). The transfected CHO cells, which were then screened by G418, could continuously secrete the fusion protein at 660 ng/10(6) cells/48 h. The hCGbeta-C3d3 protein was purified by anti-hCGbeta immunoaffinity chromatography. Raji cell immunohistochemical assay demonstrated that both the hCGbeta and C3d3 were successfully fused. After DNA immunization intramuscularly, the anti-hCGbeta IgG antibody titer in the pcDNA3-hCGbeta-C3d3 immunized group was 243-fold higher than that of the pcDNA3-hCGbeta immunized group. We have expressed the hCGbeta-C3d3 protein successfully, both in a transient expression system (COS-7 cells) and in a stable expression system (CHO cells). The C3d3 molecular adjuvant can enhance significantly the immunogenecity of hCGbeta antigen in DNA immunization.
    Journal of Reproductive Immunology 01/2004; 60(2):129-41. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To testify the effect of C3d molecular adjuvant on the immunogenicity of human chorionic gonadotropin beta (hCG beta) DNA vaccination as well as the mode of immune response. BALB/c mice aged 6 weeks were immunized intramuscularly two times at an interval of 3 weeks with by the plasmid pcDNA3 (A1-3 groups), pcDNA3-hCG beta (B-3 groups), pcDNA3-hCG beta-C3d3 (C1-3 groups), or pCMV4-hCG beta-C3d3 (D1-3 groups), at dosage of 5 pmol, 10 pmol, and 20 pmol, respectively. Three weeks after the second vaccination the animals were killed, specimens of their peripheral blood were extracted to determine the anti-hCG beta antibody titer by indirect ELISA. Their spleen cells were harvested and stimulated in vitro by hCG antigen for 24 hours. The Th1/Th2 cytokines in the culture supernatant were determined by ELISA. At the dosage of 20 pmol, C3d molecular adjuvant significantly enhanced the anti-hCG beta antibody titer. The utmost anti-hCG beta antibody titer of C3 group was 1:450, 9 times higher than that of B3 group, and the utmost anti-hCG beta antibody titer of D3 group was 1:12 150, 243 times higher than that of B3 group. Stimulated in vitro by 5,000 IU hCG beta antigen, the splenic cells of the C3 and D3 immunization group produced significantly lower IL-2, INF-gamma and TNF-alpha than those of the B3 immunization group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). The IL-4 level of the C3 group was higher than that of the B3 group while the IL-10 level of the D3 group was significantly higher than that of the B3 group (P < 0.01). The C3d molecular adjuvant increases significantly the hCG beta immunogenicity of hCG beta DNA vaccination; meanwhile decreases the secretion of Th1 cytokines (IL-2, INF-gamma, and TNF-alpha), and increases the expression of Th2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10) in response to hCG antigen. So C3d changes the anti-hCG immune response from Th1 type to Th2 type.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 11/2003; 83(21):1906-9.