[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of 14 days’ orally administered tolvaptan as adjunctive treatment for hepatic oedema in Japanese liver cirrhosis patients with insufficient response to conventional diuretics, with the option to increase dose in those who did not respond initially.
The Journal of international medical research 06/2013; 41(3):835-847. · 0.96 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Here we report a case of a 76-year-old man with a giant cavernous hepatic hemangioma of more than 20 cm in diameter. Since the hepatic hemangioma was actually growing and might possibly rupture and he complained of abdominal symptoms, we decided to perform interventional therapy. First we performed transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) of the hepatic arteries. However, since this was not sufficiently effective, we added sorafenib (600 mg/day). As a result, the tumor shrank with symptomatic improvement. Subsequently, an adverse event occurred, and we suspended the sorafenib therapy. Then, the tumor began to grow, and we resumed administering sorafenib at 400 mg/day. The tumor shrank again, and we continued the sorafenib therapy thereafter. The tumor shrinkage, although possibly induced by the effect of TAE, is considered primarily due to the effect of treatment with sorafenib, because (1) TAE did not sufficiently reduce the blood supply to the inside of the tumor; (2) other tumors shrank in the area not targeted by TAE; and (3) the tumor grew during suspension of sorafenib therapy and shrank again after resuming the treatment.
Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2013; 6(1):55-62.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is minimally invasive and can achieve a high rate of cure of liver cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a bipolar RFA device (CelonPOWER System) in the treatment of Japanese liver cancer patients. METHODS: The study was a multicenter, single-group, open-label trial. The indications for RFA were based on the Japanese guidelines for the management of liver cancer. The subjects had a Child-Pugh classification of A or B, and the target tumors were defined as nodular, numbering up to 3 lesions, each of which was 3 cm or less in diameter, or solitary lesions up to 4 cm in diameter. To test for the non-inferiority of the CelonPOWER System, this system was compared with the Cool-tip RF System, which has already been approved in Japan, in terms of the complete necrosis rate (CNR). RESULTS: The CNR obtained with the CelonPOWER System was 97.8 % (88/90 patients). The CNR obtained with the Cool-tip RF System was 86.2 % (50/58 patients), confirming the non-inferiority of the CelonPOWER System (p < 0.001, Fisher's exact test based on binomial distribution). Throughout the treatment and follow-up periods, there were no adverse events regarding safety that were uniquely related to the CelonPOWER System and there were no cases of device failure. CONCLUSIONS: The CelonPOWER System was confirmed to be an effective and safe RFA device. It could become extensively used as a safe next-generation RFA device, reducing the physical burden on patients.
Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2012; · 3.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a case of a 61-year-old woman who underwent endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) for early-stage colorectal cancer. However, because the condition of the horizontal margin of the resected tumor was unknown, she further underwent local transanal excision. Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy performed 1 year later showed protruding lesions both on the scar tissue and in the vicinity. Biopsy revealed malignant melanoma. She then underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection and colostomy. This was an extremely rare case of adenocarcinoma complicated by malignant melanoma after resection.
Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 01/2012; 109(9):1584-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to introduce an oral rehydration therapy with OS-1 for advanced and recurrent gastrointestinal cancer patients to reduce a hospital stay as well as having a good QOL. We targeted 10 advanced cancer patients. In this study, We recommended the OS-1 drinking amount to be 500 mL to 1, 000 mL whenever the following symptoms were observed:(1) the patient's meal consumption was decreased in half, (2) the volume of urine was decreased, and (3) the frequency of urine was decreased. Nine out of 10 patients were able to drink OS-1 in the range of 500 mL to 1, 000 mL. Most of the patients were taking the chemotherapy along with OS-1 therapy. We confirmed two distinct cases: The patients with OS- 1 short-term drinker at the time of appetite fall because of chemotherapy. Another case was the patients with OS-1 longterm drinkers due to the end of life stage which decreased in meal frequency. ORT with OS-1 may contribute to improve QOL of the terminal patient with chemotherapy.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 12/2010; 37 Suppl 2:243-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are few blood tests for an efficient detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.
The abilities of quantitative analyses of 7 genes hypermethylation in serum DNA, α-fetoprotein (AFP) and prothrombin-induced vitamin K absence II (PIVKA-II), and various combinations to detect HCC were evaluated in a training cohort of 164 HCV-infected patients (108 HCCs; 56 non-HCCs). An optimal hybrid detector, built using data for 2 methylated genes (SPINT2 and SRD5A2), AFP, and PIVKA-II, achieved the most satisfactory ability to detect HCC in the training cohort. We evaluated the ability of the optimal hybrid detector to detect HCC in an independent validation cohort of 258 consecutive HCV-infected patients (112 HCCs; 146 non-HCCs) who were newly enrolled in 4 distinct institutes.
In the validation cohort of 258 patients, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the hybrid detector for detection of HCC were 81.4%, 73.2%, and 87.7%, respectively. Notably, even when detecting HCC ≤ 2 cm in diameter, the hybrid detector maintained markedly high abilities (84.6% accuracy, 72.2% sensitivity, 87.7% specificity). Youden's index (sensitivity+specificity - 1) for HCC ≤ 2cm was 0.60, vastly much superior to the 0.39 for AFP at a cut-off value of 20 ng/ml and the 0.28 for PIVKA-II at a cut-off value of 40 mAU/ml.
These results show that the optimal hybrid blood detector can detect HCV-related HCC more accurately.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 09/2010; 412(1-2):152-8. · 2.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of internal hernia through an abnormal defect in the broad ligament of the uterus. A 49-year-old woman, without any previous surgery, was admitted because of vomiting and lower abdominal pain. Three days after admission a small amount of small intestinal gas was pointed out on her plain abdominal X-ray film. An enema examination by ileus tube revealed a pooling of gastrografin on the left side of the pelvic cavity, showing an obstruction of the ileum. Therefore, an emergency operation was performed, whereupon we found an abnormal defect in the left broad ligament of the uterus. This case describes an internal hernia through an abnormal defect in a female ileus patient without a history of surgery.
Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 04/2010; 107(4):620-4.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: We have reported that one-week administration of a late evening snack (LES) improved not only malnutrition but also glucose intolerance in hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis. Thus, we investigated whether long-term LES administration to outpatients for 3 months could reproduce the results obtained from hospitalized patients, especially improved glucose intolerance. If this treatment aggravated glucose intolerance, we tried to find any marker predicting this aggravation before the treatment. Methods: Outpatients were prescribed one pack of oral supplementation of a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-enriched nutrient, Aminoleban EN (210 kCal) as a LES without dietician supervision. Both before LES administration and after 3 months, glucose tolerance and liver function were examined using a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), biochemical parameters in blood and the relationship between glucose tolerance (area under the curve (AUC)) and the following serum markers. Results: Branched-chain amino acid/tyrosine ratio (BTR), the number of red blood cells (RBC), and hematocrit (Ht) significantly increased, with significant reduction of blood NH(3) level in patients with a blood glucose level less than 200 mg/dL 2 h after 75 g OGTT. However, the increase of AUC was seen after 3 months of LES administration in patients who had blood glucose higher than 200 mg/dL 2 h after 75 g OGTT. AUC weakly correlated positively with serum 7S collagen and negatively with choline esterase (ChE) and albumin (Alb). Conclusion: 75 g OGTT is a useful marker to predict the worst outcome and avoid the adverse effect of LES treatment in liver cirrhosis patients if performed without adequate nutrient conduct by a dietician.
Hepatology Research 09/2007; 37(8):608-14. · 2.07 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oxidative damage of the erythrocyte membrane plays an important role in ribavirin-induced anemia. The purpose of the present paper was to assess whether supplementation of alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid (vitamins) causes changes in the erythrocyte membrane fatty acid composition during interferon and ribavirin combination therapy for chronic hepatitis C patients.
Fatty acid compositions in erythrocyte membrane phospholipids were determined by gas chromatography at 0, 2, 4, 8 weeks, and at the end of combination therapy (26 weeks) for interferon with ribavirin in 32 patients with chronic hepatitis C who were randomized to receive vitamins or not (controls).
Good compliance with orally administered vitamins and ribavirin were confirmed by their concentrations in erythrocytes or plasma. The hemoglobin level was negatively correlated with the ribavirin concentration at 8 weeks (r = 0.59, P = 0.01) after initiation of therapy in controls, but not in the vitamin group. Among the 26 kinds of fatty acids analyzed, only eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) significantly decreased at 8 weeks after initiation of therapy (P = 0.03) and at the end of therapy (P = 0.004) in controls. Vitamins did not inhibit ribavirin-induced anemia, but attenuated the decrease of EPA in erythrocytes. The EPA level was negatively correlated with the drop in hemoglobin levels at 8 weeks after initiation of therapy in controls (r = 0.58, P = 0.015), but not in the vitamin group.
Supplementation of alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid attenuates the ribavirin-induced decrease of EPA in erythrocyte membrane phospholipids in chronic hepatitis C patients.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 09/2006; 21(8):1269-75. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine whether particular hepatitis C virus (HCV) subtypes are spreading among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Yamaguchi prefecture, on the south-western tip of the island of Honshu in Japan, as found in European countries.
We prospectively enrolled acute hepatitis C patients from January 2001 to March 2003. E2 gene sequences of HCV isolates from IDUs with acute hepatitis C were phylogenetically compared to those from 30 chronic hepatitis C patients with the same HCV subtypes who had or did not have a history of intravenous drug use.
Nine of 11 patients (82%) with acute hepatitis C were IDUs. The HCV subtypes were 2a in four and 2b in five, which contrasted with the high prevalence of subtype 1b in patients with chronic liver diseases in Japan. IDUs with acute hepatitis C (22.0 +/- 2.4 years old) were significantly younger than those with chronic hepatitis C (49.5 +/- 9.5 years old) for subtype 2a (P = 0.0005), but not for subtype 2b (25.6 +/- 5.4 vs 28.1 +/- 2.4 years old). Some HCV isolates of subtype 2b from IDUs with acute hepatitis C were phylogenetically related to those from IDUs with chronic hepatitis C. By contrast, there was no phylogenetic segregation of HCV in IDUs with subtype 2a. HCV isolates from non-IDUs were genetically divergent from each other and those from IDUs, irrespective of the HCV subtype.
Hepatitis C virus of the non-1b subtype, particularly subtype 2b, seemed to be transmitted between IDUs very recently in Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 12/2004; 19(11):1305-11. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are several lines of evidence suggesting that specific vaccine therapy with a standard hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination reduces HBV replication. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-viral mechanism of vaccine therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients. Nineteen patients were assigned to receive either vaccine therapy (n = 13) or no treatment as a control (n = 6). Vaccinated patients were analyzed for T cell proliferative responses specific for envelope antigen and cytokine production by antigen-specific T cells. ELISPOT and cytotoxicity assays also were carried out for limited blood samples. Serum HBV DNA levels decreased significantly at 3 months after completion of therapy and thereafter as compared to the baseline ones, and were significantly lower in vaccinated patients than in controls at 12 and 18 months after completion of therapy. Vaccination induced antigen-specific CD4+ T cell proliferative responses in four patients (30.8%). The production of high levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) by antigen-specific T cells was found in six patients (46.0%) who showed significantly lower HBV DNA levels in serum at 6 (P = 0.04) and 18 months (P = 0.005) after completion of therapy than those without high levels of cytokine production. Vaccination did not induce antigen-specific CD8+ T cells or cytotoxic T cells. These results suggest that envelope-specific CD4+ T cells may control directly HBV replication by producing anti-viral cytokines rather than providing help for cytotoxic T cells in therapeutic vaccination against chronic HBV infection.
Journal of Medical Virology 12/2003; 71(3):376-84. · 2.37 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 34-year-old man diagnosed with fulminant hepatitis, caused by hepatitis B virus, and acute renal failure was referred to our hospital. After admission to the intensive care unit, the liver and renal failure were ameliorated. Melena requiring transfusion occurred during the course of his illness. Endoscopic examination demonstrated pseudomembranes, erosions, ulcers, and hemorrhage in the duodenum, the upper jejunum, and the terminal ileum, suggesting widespread lesions throughout the small intestine. Pseudomonas putida, Xanthomonas maltophilia, and Candida glabrata were cultured from ileal fluid. Candida glabrata was also detected in sputum, feces, and on an intravenous catheter tip. The patient was treated with amphotericin B and miconazole. The melena was ameliorated, but inflammation of the small intestine persisted. Although we had difficulty in treating the enteritis, the patient survived, and 1 year later colonoscopic examination demonstrated no abnormalities. The small intestine is a difficult site to examine, but endoscopic examination of this site is important when massive hemorrhage develops.
Journal of Gastroenterology 07/1998; 33(3):412-8. · 3.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the involvement of GB virus C (GBV-C) or hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in fulminant hepatitis of unknown etiology, GBV-C RNA and HBV DNA in serum were retrospectively assayed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in six patients with fulminant hepatitis of unknown etiology (group A) and in three patients with fulminant hepatitis B (group B). Additionally, liver specimens were tested for both GBV-C RNA and HBV DNA in two patients and for only HBV DNA in another patient in group A. GBV-C RNA in serum and liver was not detected in any patient. HBV DNA in serum was detected only in patients in group B, while in liver it was detectable in three patients in group A. These results suggest that GBV-C infection is unlikely to be involved in fulminant hepatitis of unknown etiology and that the detection of HBV DNA in liver by PCR is useful for diagnosis of fulminant hepatitis B that shows no serologic evidence of the current infection.
Hepatology Research - HEPATOL RES. 01/1998; 12(1):23-30.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and transforming growth factor α (TGF-α) stimulate liver regeneration, whereas transforming growth factor β 1 (TGF-β 1) inhibits it in rats. However their significance in human liver diseases, especially in severe acute liver injury, remains unclear. We studied HGF, TGF-α, and TGF-β 1 messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in the livers of patients with live diseases using a competitive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. As little as a twofold difference in mRNA expression could be detected from minute liver biopsy samples. We then examined cell proliferation using proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) staining. HGF mRNA levels were significantly higher (approximately threefold) in acute hepatitis (AH) than in exacerbation of chronic liver disease (EX) (P < .05). TGF-α mRNA levels were significantly greater in AH (approximately twofold) than EX (P < .05), and the levels were significantly higher (approximately threefold) in chronic hepatitis (CH) than in EX (P < .05). The TGF-β 1 mRNA levels in all the groups were not significantly different. In acute liver injury (AH and EX), there was a significant correlation between HGF mRNA expression and the PCNA labeling index (LI) in the liver (r = .87, P < .0005). TGF-α mRNA expression also correlated with the PCNA LI (r = .92, P < .0001). There was no significant correlation between the serum HGF and the PCNA LI in the liver. In conclusion, HGF and TGF-α produced in the liver stimulate hepatocyte proliferation in response to acute liver injury in humans.