ABSTRACT: To determine the feasibility and safety of skeletal myoblast transplantation in patients with chronic myocardial infarction undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.
Twelve patients with a previous myocardial infarction and ischemic coronary artery disease underwent treatment with coronary artery bypass grafting surgery and intramyocardial injection of autologous skeletal myoblasts cultured with autologous serum. Global and regional cardiac function was assessed by echocardiogram. Fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose and nitrogen 13-ammonia positron emission tomography studies were used to determine cardiac viability and perfusion. A group of historical control patients (n = 14) treated with coronary artery bypass grafting surgery without myoblast transplantation was analyzed.
The left ventricular ejection fraction improved from 35.5% +/- 2.3% (mean +/- SEM) before surgery to 55.1% +/- 8.2% at 12 months (P < .01) in the myoblast group and from 33.6% +/- 9.3% to 38.6% +/- 11% in the control group. Regional contractility also improved in the myoblast group, particularly in cardiac segments treated with skeletal myoblasts (wall motion score index: 3.02 +/- 0.17 at baseline vs 1.36 +/- 0.14 at 12 months; P < .0001). Quantitative fluorine 18-fluorodeoxyglucose and nitrogen 13-ammonia positron emission tomography showed an increase in viability and perfusion 12 months after surgery both globally and in segments treated with myoblasts (P = .012 and P = .004). Skeletal myoblast implantation was not associated with adverse events or an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmias.
In patients with previous myocardial infarction, treatment with skeletal myoblasts in conjunction with coronary artery bypass is safe and feasible and is associated with an increased global and regional left ventricular function, improvement in viability, and perfusion of cardiac tissue and no significant incidence of arrhythmias.
The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 05/2006; 131(4):799-804. · 3.41 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and other surrogate markers of insulin resistance, and whether these markers are better for defining the prehypertensive state than is renal dysfunction.
Data from 19,041 healthy active workers, mean age 42.2 (10.7) years, from three health insurance companies, were prospectively collected. Presence of MS, assessed according to the modified criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Third Adult Treatment Panel, and the ratio of triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein were considered as surrogate markers of insulin resistance. Renal function was assessed by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation. Blood pressure was classified as normotension (NT), prehypertension (PHT), or hypertension (HT) according to the guidelines of the seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure.
The global presence of MS was 11.8% The higher prevalence was found in subjects with hypertension (30%), followed by those with PHT (9.6%). The prevalence in normotensive subjects was very low (0.9%). The presence of MS and hypertension increased in parallel with age. Metabolic syndrome (odds ratio [OR] 4.3), obesity (OR 2.2), overweight (OR 1.7), impaired fasting glucose (OR 1.3), and elevated triglycerides to HDL ratio (OR 1.2), but no degree of renal dysfunction, were independent risk factors for the progression from NT to PHT.
Prehypertension is associated with markers of insulin resistance, assessed by the presence of MS and other surrogate markers, and not with an initial renal dysfunction. In this study, MS was found to be present in almost one third of hypertensive but asymptomatic and otherwise healthy workers.
American Journal of Hypertension 03/2006; 19(2):189-96; discussion 197-8. · 3.18 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Experimental animal studies suggest that the use of skeletal myoblast in patients with myocardial infarction may result in improved cardiac function. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and safety of this therapy in patients with myocardial infarction.
Twelve patients with old myocardial infarction and ischaemic coronary artery disease underwent treatment with coronary artery bypass surgery and intramyocardial injection of autologous skeletal myoblasts obtained from a muscle biopsy of vastus lateralis and cultured with autologous serum for 3 weeks. Global and regional cardiac function was assessed by 2D and ABD echocardiogram. 18F-FDG and 13N-ammonia PET studies were used to determine perfusion and viability. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) improved from 35.5+/-2.3% before surgery to 53.5+/-4.98% at 3 months (P=0.002). Echocardiography revealed a marked improvement in regional contractility in those cardiac segments treated with skeletal myoblast (wall motion score index 2.64+/-0.13 at baseline vs 1.64+/-0.16 at 3 months P=0.0001). Quantitative 18F-FDG PET studies showed a significant (P=0.012) increased in cardiac viability in the infarct zone 3 months after surgery. No statistically significant differences were found in 13N-ammonia PET studies. Skeletal myoblast implant was not associated with an increase in adverse events. No cardiac arrhythmias were detected during early follow-up.
In patients with old myocardial infarction, treatment with skeletal myoblast in conjunction with coronary artery bypass is safe and feasible and is associated with an increased global and regional left ventricular function,improvement in the viability of cardiac tissue in the infarct area and no induction of arrhythmias.
European Heart Journal 12/2003; 24(22):2012-20. · 10.48 Impact Factor