Milagros Hernández

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States

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Publications (5)18.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this trial was to define the maximum tolerated duration (MTD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), regimen-related toxicities (RRT), and pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine infused at a fixed dose rate (FDR) of 10 mg/m2/min, combined with docetaxel/melphalan/carboplatin, using autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). The duration of gemcitabine infusion was incrementally escalated as a single treatment on day -6 or as 4 daily infusions on days -5 to -2. Gemcitabine was followed by docetaxel (300 or 350 mg/m2) on day -5, and then melphalan (50 mg/m2/day) and carboplatin (333 mg/m2/day) on days -4 to -2. Fifty-two patients with refractory tumors were accrued with a median age of 40 (range: 6-66), a median of 3 (1-6) prior chemotherapy regimens, and 3 (1-7) organs involved. The gemcitabine MTD was defined at 20 hours (total dose 12,000 mg/m2) on both schedules. The DLT was enteritis. Three patients died from aspiration, catheter-related sepsis, and enteritis, respectively. The tumor response rate was 91%, with 50% complete responses. At current 2-year median follow-up, the event-free and overall survival (EFS, OS) rates are 54% (median 26 months) and 79% (median not reached), respectively. Gemcitabine area under the curve (AUC), but not clearance, increased linearly with infusion duration, and correlated with grade 3 RRT. Docetaxel showed a linear increase of its AUC and similar clearance compared with prior reports at lower doses. In conclusion, ASCT-supported infusions of gemcitabine at FDR could be prolonged up to 20 hours. The resulting gemcitabine/docetaxel/melphalan/carboplatin combination was highly active in refractory cancers and should be further tested in disease-specific trials.
    Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 12/2007; 13(11):1324-37. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among B-cell malignancies, follicular lymphomas (FL) more frequently show acquired, potential N-glycosylation sites (AGS) within tumor-specific immunoglobulin. The aim of this study was to extend this observation and to evaluate the pattern of presentation of AGS within five different forms of B-cell lymphoma. We sequenced the tumor-specific immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region fragment, including complementarity-determining regions 2 and 3, of forty-seven consecutive patients with a B-cell malignancy enrolled in idiotype vaccine clinical trials. This sequencing approach is known to allow the identification of most AGS. We then statistically analyzed differences in presentation pattern, in terms of tumor histology, immunoglobulin isotype, AGS location and amino acid composition. All twenty-four FL cases presented with at least one AGS, whereas the vast majority of four B-cell lymphoma types other than FL did not. The non- FL group of tumors included four cases of Burkitt's lymphoma, six of diffuse large cell lymphoma, seven mantle cell lymphomas and six small lymphocytic lymphomas. Most IgM-bearing follicular lymphoma cases featured their AGS within complementarity-determining region 2, as opposed to those bearing an IgG, which mostly displayed the AGS within complementarity-determining region 3. The vast majority of AGS located within either complementarity-determining region ended with a serine residue, whereas those located within framework regions mostly featured threonine as the last amino acid residue. In our series, all cases of FL had AGS within their tumor-specific immunoglobulin heavy chain variable regions. In contrast, most B-cell malignancies other than FL did not. Further studies are warranted in order to establish the possible meaning of these findings in terms of disease pathogenesis, their diagnostic value in doubtful cases and their potential implications for immunotherapy.
    Haematologica 06/2004; 89(5):541-6. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacological approaches to reduce blood transfusion include the protease inhibitor aprotinin, lysine-analogue antifibrinolytics synthetic arginine-vasopressin derivatives (DDAVP) and recombinant factor VII (rfVIIa). These agents are known to prevent the need for blood after major surgery (cardiac, hepatic, and orthopaedic). Among the nonhemostatic agents erythropoietin (EPO) may be effective to reduce blood requirements in medical and surgical patients. Aprotinin is consistently effective in reducing blood transfusion in cardiac and hepatic surgical procedures, but there is little data to support its use in elective orthopaedic surgery. Antifibrinolytics show no evidence of efficacy in cardiac and hepatic surgery and its use is not warranted in orthopaedic surgery. Limited data suggest that DDAVP may be effective when a defect in platelet function is demonstrated. rFVIIa emerges as a promising haemostatic agent with proven benefit to reduce bleeding in haemophiliacs with inhibitors but might also be effective in patients with thrombocytopenia and thrombopathy, as well as in life-threatening hemorrhage in postsurgical patients. Ongoing studies will established its role a possible "universal haemostatic agent". Hematopoietic cytokines, such as EPO, may have a place to avoid blood transfusion in a variety of clinical conditions, including cancer and critically ill patients.
    Medicina Clínica 03/2004; 122(6):231-6. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    Haematologica 01/2004; 88(12):1438-40. · 5.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pharmacological approaches to reduce blood transfusion include the protease inhibitor aprotinin, lysine-analogue antifibrinolytics synthetic arginine-vasopressin derivatives (DDAVP) and recombinant factor VII (rfVIIa). These agents are known to prevent the need for blood after major surgery (cardiac, hepatic, and orthopaedic). Among the nonhemostatic agents erythropoietin (EPO) may be effective to reduce blood requirements in medical and surgical patients. Aprotinin is consistently effective in reducing blood transfusion in cardiac and hepatic surgical procedures, but there is little data to support its use in elective orthopaedic surgery. Antifibrinolytics show no evidence of efficacy in cardiac and hepatic surgery and its use is not warranted in orthopaedic surgery. Limited data suggest that DDAVP may be effective when a deffect in platelet function is demonstrated. rFVIIa emerges as a promising haemostatic agent with proven benefit to reduce bleeding in haemophiliacs with inhibitors but might also be effective in patients with thrombocytopenia and thrombopathy, as well as in life-threatening hemorrhage in postsurgical patients. Ongoing studies will established its role a posible «universal haemostatic agent». Hematopoietic cytokines, such as EPO, may have a place to avoid blood transfusion in a variety of clinical conditions, including cancer and critically ill patients.
    Medicina Clínica 01/2004; 122(6):231-236. · 1.25 Impact Factor