Eun Sook Jun

Pusan National University, Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea

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Publications (5)15.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have generated a great deal of interest in clinical situations, due principally to their potential use in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering applications. However, the therapeutic application of MSCs remains limited, unless the favorable effects of MSCs for tumor growth in vivo and the long-term safety of the clinical applications of MSCs can be understood more thoroughly. In this study, MSCs derived from human adipose tissues (hASCs) together with tumor cells were transplanted subcutaneously or intracranially into BALB/c nude mice to observe tumor outgrowth. The results indicated that hASCs with H460 or U87MG cells promoted tumor growth in nude mice. Our histopathological analyses indicated that the co-injection of tumor cells with hASCs exerted no influence on the formation of intratumoral vessels. Co-culture of tumor cells with hASCs or the addition of conditioned medium (CM) from hASCs effected an increase in the proliferation of H460 or U87MG cells. Co-injection of hASCs with tumor cells effected an increase in tumor cell viability in vivo, and also induced a reduction in apoptotic cell death. CM from hASCs inhibited hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death in H460 or U87MG cells. These findings indicated that MSCs could favor tumor growth in vivo. Thus, it is necessary to conduct a study concerning the long-term safety of this technique before MSCs can be used as therapeutic tools in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering.
    Stem Cells and Development 06/2008; 17(3):463-73. DOI:10.1089/scd.2007.0181
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    ABSTRACT: Wnt5a operates as either a tumor suppressor or a tumor stimulator, according to tumor type. The functions of Wnt5a in human glioblastoma (GBM) have yet to be determined. We initially evaluated the expression of Wnt5a in human glioma. The results of immunohistochemical analyses have revealed that Wnt5a expression was higher in human GBM than in normal brain tissue and low-grade astrocytoma. In order to assess the role of Wnt5a on proliferation in human glioblastoma cells, we employed U87MG and GBM-05, a newly established GBM cell line. GBM-05 was established from a patient diagnosed with GBM. GBM-05 cells were shown to express Nestin, but did not express GFAP and Map2ab. GBM-05 cells formed infiltrating brain tumors after being intracerebrally transplanted into nude mice, and xenotransplanted GBM-05 cells were observed to differentiate into neuronal and astrocyte lineages. Wnt5a expression in the xenotransplanted tumors was higher than that detected in the surrounding brain tissues. The overexpression of Wnt5a increased the proliferation of GBM-05 and U87MG in vitro. By way of contrast, the downregulation of Wnt5a expression as the result of RNA interference reduced proliferation from GBM-05 and U87MG cells in vitro, and reduced tumorigenicity in vivo. Our data indicate that Wnt5a signaling is an important regulator in the proliferation of human glioma cells.
    Cancer Letters 12/2007; 257(2):172-81. DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2007.07.011
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    ABSTRACT: Telomerase activity appears to be associated with cell immortalization and malignant progression. Understanding how telomerase activity is regulated in vivo is important not only for understanding the molecular biology of telomerase but also for the potential clinical application of anticancer drugs. This study evaluated telomerase activity and quantified the expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) mRNA and human telomerase RNA (hTR) using a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method before and after the exposure of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in two head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines. Two human HNSCC cell lines (PNUH-12 and SNU-899) were studied. Cell cytotoxicity, the change of telomerase activity, and hTERT mRNA and hTR expression by 5-FU and cisplatin exposure were assessed by MTT assay, TRAP assay, and real-time RT-PCR, respectively. In two cell lines, after cisplatin exposure, the telomerase activity and hTERT mRNA expression decreased, but hTR expression in- creased according to the concentration of drug. However, in both cell lines, the telomerase activity and hTR did not show any significant change after 5-FU treatment, but the expression of hTERT mRNA decreased. These results suggest that there may be other important regulating mechanism except hTERT mRNA as the regulation factor of telomerase activity in HNSCC cell lines.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 10/2007; 22 Suppl(Suppl):S73-8. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2007.22.S.S73
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    ABSTRACT: Human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) are defined as pluripotent progenitor cells with the ability to differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrochytes, adipocytes, muscle cells, and neural cells. Recently, it has been shown that telomerase expression not only extends the replicative life-span and maintains their bone-forming capability of hBMSCs. We previously reported that human adipose tissue stromal cells (hATSCs) have similar characteristics with hBMSCs. In this study, hATSCs were stably tranduced by a retrovirus containing the gene for the catalytic subunit of human telomerase (hTERT) and MSCV-neo retrovirus, and 12 clones for hTERT-hATSCs and 6 clones for MSCV-hATSCs were isolated. The tranduced clones (hATSC-TERTs) had high telomerase activity, which was maintained during subsequent subcultivation. The transduced cells of two representative clones have undergone more than 100 population doublings (PD) and continue to proliferate, whereas control cells underwent senescence-associated proliferation arrest after 36-40 PD. The cells had a normal karyotype, and increased differentiation potential, especially osteogenic lineage. Intraventricular injection of hATSC-TERTs in ischemic rat brain showed enhancement of functional recovery as like hATSC-MSCVs. The tissue engraftment of hATSCs and hTERT-hATSCs in NOD/SCID mice after intravenous administration was identical. These results further support a similarity between hBMSCs and hATSCs. hATSCs can be used as an alternative of pluripotent stromal cells for cell replacement therapy as like hBMSCs.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 02/2004; 14(4-6):261-8. DOI:10.1159/000080335
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    ABSTRACT: Transplantation of adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into adult rat brain has been known to reduce functional deficits associated with stroke and traumatic brain injury. However, in injured brains, there is no evidence that transplanted MSCs replace lost host brain tissue. In this study, we determined in vitro interaction between human adipose tissue stromal cells (hATSCs), a kind of MSC, and neural stem cells (NSCs). hATSCs were isolated and proliferated from human adipose tissues, and NSCs from the subventricular zone of postnatal mice. When NSCs were cultured on mitomycin-treated hATSC monolayers, their proliferation was decreased, but neuronal differentiation was significantly induced. The percentage of neurons significantly increased in 7 days in cultures of NSCs on hATSCs feeder as compared to NSCs cultured on laminin-coated dishes. When the duration of the cultures was extended to 14 days, hATSCs supported the survival of neurons derived from NSCs. To determine the role of soluble factors from hATSCs, NSCs were cultured with hATSCs conditioned medium or co-cultured with permeable filter on which hATSCs were grown. Although proliferation of NSCs significantly decreased and glial differentiation increased under these experimental conditions, their neuronal differentiation was not affected, indicating that direct physical contact between hATSCs and NSCs is required for induction of neuronal differentiation. These data indicate that hATSCs may provide supportive roles on endogenous neural stem cells, when they are transplanted into damaged brain.
    Developmental Brain Research 11/2003; 145(1):141-9. DOI:10.1016/S0165-3806(03)00224-4