ABSTRACT: Wee1 kinase downregulates the M-phase promoting factor, a complex of cdc2 and cyclin B kinase, that controls mitotic cell division. We isolated human wee1 kinase gene promoter and found that it contained one AP-1-binding motif in its promoter region (5'-CGAGTCA-3'; -823/-817), through which wee1 kinase gene was directly transactivated by c-Fos/AP-1. In rheumatoid synovial cells, wee1 kinase was increased in conjunction with the increase of c-Fos/AP-1 and the substrate of wee1, cdc2, was phosphorylated. The amount of wee1 and c-Fos and the phosphorylation of cdc2 were decreased after treatment of the cells with an inhibitor of AP-1, curcumin. A significant proportion of cultured synovial cells of the patients with rheumatoid arthritis, but not those of osteoarthritis, shifted to a tetraploid (4C) state upon long-term culture. Thus, human wee1 kinase gene is directly transactivated by and increased in association with c-Fos/AP-1, and rheumatoid synovial cells overexpressing these genes go into aberrant mitosis.
Oncogene 11/2003; 22(44):6839-44. · 6.37 Impact Factor