[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Severe tracheitis and bronchitis were identified in two fatal cases of respiratory disease affecting a flock of Gouldian finches
(Erythrura [Chloebia] gouldiae). Intranuclear inclusion bodies in epithelial cells of the upper respiratory tract were identified in samples from two birds.
Electron microscopic examination showed that the inclusions consisted of viral particles consistent in appearance with Herpesviridae. Degenerate PCR primers targeting a conserved region of the herpesviral-DNA-dependent DNA polymerase were used to amplify
a region of DNA isolated from tissues with lesions from each animal. Nucleotide sequencing of the PCR products yielded identical
viral sequences that were distinct from known herpesviruses. An analysis of sequence homology indicated that these gene segments
appear to belong to a member of the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Necropsies were performed on 14 psittacine birds of various species suspected to have proventricular dilatation disease (PDD). Eight of the birds exhibited neurological signs (seizures, ataxia, tremors and uncoordinated movements) and digestive tract signs (crop stasis, regurgitation, inappetance and presence of undigested food in the faeces). At necropsy, the birds had pectoral muscle atrophy, proventricular and ventricular distention, thinning of the gizzard wall, and duodenal dilation. In addition, five birds had a transparent fluid (0.2 to 1.0 ml) in the subarachnoidal space of the brain, and one bird had dilatation of the right ventricle of the heart. The histological lesions differed from earlier reports of PDD in that peripheral (sciatic, brachial and vagal) neuritis was seen in addition to myenteric ganglioneuritis, myocarditis, adrenalitis, myelitis and encephalitis.