European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 02/2009; · 1.97 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To quantify the age related risk of adverse obstetric outcome in primigravid women less than 20 years of age.
The study sample was drawn from Cardiff Births Survey (a computerized maternity information database) comprising 66,271 pregnancies in the South Glamorgan region during 1990-1999. Pregnancy outcomes of primigravid women were compared in age groups less than 20 years (n=4126) and 20 to <35 years (n=17,615). SPSS version 11 was used for statistical analysis. Student's t-test was used for continuous variables, Chi square, Fishers exact test was used for categorical variables.
There was a lower incidence of multiple pregnancies (OR=0.3(0.2-0.4)), spontaneous rupture of membranes >24h (OR=0.7(0.6-0.9)), and pregnancy-induced hypertension (OR=0.8(0.6-0.8)) amongst teenage primigravidae but a higher incidence of anaemia (OR=1.8(1.6-2.0)), and pyelonephritis (OR=1.5(1.1-2.0)). There was a lower incidence of induction of labour (OR=0.7(0.7-0.8)) and use of regional analgesia in the teenage group. Teenage women were more likely to have a spontaneous vaginal delivery (OR=2.1(2.0-2.3)) with a significantly lower incidence of instrumental delivery (OR=0.5(0.5-0.6)), and Caesarean section (OR=0.4(0.4-0.5)). Inspite of a higher incidence of preterm labour (corrected OR=1.4(1.1-1.7)) the perinatal outcome measures between the teenage group and the older group were not significantly different.
Teenage primigravidae are more likely to have a spontaneous vaginal delivery, without compromising the maternal or neonatal outcome.
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 05/2008; 137(2):165-71. · 1.97 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The incidence of anal sphincter tears is highest among nulliparous women. The aim of this study was to ascertain if there were other factors that increased their risk.
This was a retrospective study of all primigravid vaginal deliveries that had sustained an anal sphincter tear (n = 122), compared with deliveries that did not have this complication (n = 16,050). The study sample was drawn from a computerized maternity information database, comprising 52 916 deliveries in the South Glamorgan region during 1990-99. SPSS version 10 was used for statistical analysis.
The incidence of anal sphincter tears in this study population was 0.8% (122/16172). Postdates (OR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.3-2.6) and fetal macrosomia (OR = 3.8, 2.4-6) together with induction of labor (OR = 1.5, 1.01-2.2), use of spinal analgesia at delivery (OR = 3.1, 1.1-8.4), assisted vaginal delivery (OR = 1.9, 1.3-2.7; especially the use of forceps, OR = 2.2, 1.3-3.9) and doctor-conducted deliveries (OR = 2.2, 1.6-3.2) were found to be associated with a significantly higher incidence of anal sphincter tears. Logistic regression revealed fetal macrosomia and doctor-conducted deliveries to be independent risk factors that, when occurring together, were associated with a fourfold increase in the risk of occurrence of anal sphincter tears.
This study suggests that careful assessment and counseling of women, particularly > 40 weeks gestation or those potentially having macrosomic fetuses, especially if forceps are to be used for prolonged second stage in primigravid women, may help to identify those at significant risk of anal sphincter tears.
Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica 09/2003; 82(8):736-43. · 1.77 Impact Factor