Elyse Olshen

Columbia University, New York City, NY, United States

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Publications (7)17.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between dating violence, sexual assault, and suicide attempts among urban adolescents. Secondary analysis of the 2005 New York City Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Eighty-seven New York City public high schools. Representative population-based sample of 8080 students, 14 years and older. Dating violence in the past year and lifetime history of sexual assault. One or more suicide attempts in the past year. Respondents were 50.0% female and primarily black (36.0%) or Hispanic (40.1%). In the past year, 11.7% of females and 7.2% of males reported 1 or more suicide attempts. Lifetime history of sexual assault was reported by 9.6% of females and 5.4% of males. Dating violence in the past year was reported by 10.6% of females and 9.5% of males. In multivariate models, controlling for persistent sadness, sexual orientation, and significant risk behaviors, recent dating violence (odds ratio, 1.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-2.47) was associated with suicide attempts in adolescent girls, while lifetime history of sexual assault (odds ratio, 3.86; 95% confidence interval, 2.11-7.06) was associated with suicide attempts in adolescent boys. In this population of urban youth, recent dating violence among females and lifetime history of sexual assault among males were significantly associated with suicide attempts. Clinicians and educators should be trained to routinely screen adolescents for violence victimization and should have a low threshold for referring these at-risk teenagers for mental health services.
    Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 07/2007; 161(6):539-45. · 4.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the impact of state policies on vaccine coverage among adolescents with managed care insurance. We used the 2003 Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set to determine state-specific hepatitis B and varicella vaccine coverage among children with managed care insurance who turned 13 years in 2002. Our outcomes of interest were receipt of hepatitis B and varicella vaccines by age 13. Utilizing weighted least-squares methods, multiple linear regression models were developed to evaluate the relationship between hepatitis B and varicella vaccine coverage and state policies, while controlling for state sociodemographic variables. Across 28 states, adolescent hepatitis B vaccine coverage ranged from 35.3% to 80.5% (mean = 55.3%) and varicella vaccine coverage ranged from 22.9% to 7.6% (mean = 42.3%). In separate multiple regression models, after adjusting for potentially confounding sociodemographic variables, middle school mandates were significantly associated with hepatitis B vaccine coverage (p = .002) and varicella vaccine coverage (p = .024). Other policies, including universal purchase of vaccines and availability of philosophic exemptions, were not associated with vaccine coverage in this insured population. In this population of insured adolescents, middle school vaccine mandates were the only state policy associated with improved hepatitis B and varicella vaccine coverage. Mandates are an effective method for promoting adolescent immunization.
    Journal of Adolescent Health 06/2007; 40(5):405-11. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the use of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in adolescent survivors of sexual assault and to explore barriers to PEP completion in this population. Chart review. Two academic medical centers in Boston, Mass, between July 1, 2001, and June 30, 2003. Adolescents presenting to 2 urban pediatric emergency departments within 72 hours of a penetrating sexual assault. Of 177 charts reviewed, adequate documentation of the sexual assault and medical management was available for 145 patients. Provision of HIV PEP. Documented completion of a 28-day course of PEP. Among the 145 patients, 96% were female, 38% were black, and 14% were Hispanic. Many patients were uncertain regarding their exposures: 27% were unsure whether a condom had been used, 54% were unsure whether ejaculation had occurred, and 21% had blacked out during the assault. One hundred ten (76%) received HIV PEP. Of the 97 patients referred for follow-up at the academic centers, 37 returned for at least 1 visit and 13 completed a 28-day course of PEP. Sixteen (46%) of those taking PEP who returned for follow-up developed an adverse reaction to medication. Forty-seven percent of adolescent sexual assault survivors had carried a psychiatric diagnosis before the assault; adherence to PEP was lower among these adolescents. We observed low rates of PEP completion among adolescent sexual assault survivors. Potential difficulties of using PEP in this population include uncertainties regarding exposure, high rates of psychiatric comorbidity, and low rates of return for follow-up care.
    Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 08/2006; 160(7):674-80. · 4.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted focus groups and individual interviews to explore parental views on the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. Parents were generally positive about the HPV vaccine. Some participants perceived their children were not at risk for acquiring HPV and questioned vaccinating young adolescents against HPV. Vaccine education should target parental beliefs about HPV and the optimal age for HPV vaccine administration.
    Journal of Adolescent Health 10/2005; 37(3):248-51. · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • Elyse Olshen, Lydia A Shrier
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    ABSTRACT: Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the two most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infections reported in the United States. The purpose of this article is to review the various tests available for diagnosing C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae. The nucleic acid amplification tests are preferred owing to their high sensitivity and specificity and use on specimens obtained noninvasively. Non-amplified non-culture tests, such as the DNA probe test, remain a choice for settings in which nucleic acid amplification tests are not available or affordable. Culture is recommended for use on conjunctival, oropharyngeal, and rectal specimens and in cases of suspected abuse. In addition, for gonorrhea, culture is recommended when screening in populations with a low prevalence of infection. Point-of-care tests are limited by low sensitivity and should be used for only populations unlikely to return for follow-up.
    Seminars in Pediatric Infections Diseases 08/2005; 16(3):192-8.
  • Elyse Olshen, Karen Soren
    Journal of Adolescent Health - J ADOLESCENT HEALTH. 01/2004; 34(2):135-135.
  • Elyse Olshen, Cathryn L Samples
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    ABSTRACT: Postexposure prophylaxis is an effective intervention to prevent transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Administration of antiretroviral medications within 72 hours of a percutaneous or mucous membrane exposure to HIV can prevent infection. The use of postexposure prophylaxis for occupational and perinatal HIV exposures is well established. Its efficacy for nonoccupational exposures has only recently been studied. To date in the United States, there are no national guidelines regarding postexposure prophylaxis for nonoccupational exposures. Decisions regarding its use should be made after weighing the risks of seroconversion for a given exposure, the risks of HIV in the source, and the potential toxicities of the antiretroviral medications. Several state guidelines may also serve as important resources. Clinicians should consider initiating postexposure prophylaxis in adolescents for any oral, anal, or vaginal exposure to definitely or possibly HIV-infected blood or body fluids. Adolescents treated should be followed closely for medication toxicity, acute seroconversion, and risk-reduction counseling. Further studies are needed to characterize the use and efficacy of postexposure prophylaxis in an adolescent population.
    Current Opinion in Pediatrics 09/2003; 15(4):379-84. · 2.63 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

196 Citations
17.13 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2007
    • Columbia University
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Medical Center
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 2005
    • Harvard Medical School
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2003–2005
    • Boston Children's Hospital
      • Division of Adolescent Medicine
      Boston, MA, United States