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Publications (2)4.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Platelet factor four (PF4), an inhibitor of endothelial cell proliferation in vitro, inhibits angiogenesis and tumor growth in vivo in experimental animals. The present study was designed to determine whether gene therapy-mediated expression of a form of PF4 lacking 16 amino acids of N-terminus from tumor cells could inhibit angiogenesis and tumor growth in vivo. Two replication-defective recombinant retroviral vectors were constructed. One encodes human PF4 (rRV-PF4) and the other encodes the N-truncated peptide (rRVp17-70). These vectors were then used to transduce KB cells, a human head and neck squamous carcinoma cell line. Expression of PF4 and p17-70 transgenes was confirmed by Western blot analysis. In vitro, both rRV-PF4 and rRVp17-70 were able to inhibit selectively the proliferation of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) but not KB cells. In vivo activity was assessed by injecting 10(7) KB cells subcutaneously into nude mice and by monitoring subsequent tumor growth, xenograft vascular histochemistry, and animal survival. Viral vector-mediated cDNA transfer of PF4 and p17-70 resulted in inhibiting solid tumors through an anti-angiogenic action in vivo. Our data indicate that targeting tumor angiogenesis using viral-mediated gene transfer of full-length and N-terminal truncated PF4 represents a promising strategy for cancer gene therapy.
    Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals 11/2003; 18(5):829-40. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent investigations support the idea that angiogenesis is involved in the pathophysiology of leukemia. Within a given microenvironment, the angiogenic response is regulated by a delicate balance of angiogenesis inducers and inhibitors. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a multifunctional extracellular glycoprotein showing angiostatic properties in multiple in vitro and in vivo assays. Interestingly, there is also proangiogenic domain in this complex molecule. Development of TSP-1 as an antiangiogenic drug has been hindered by multiplicity of its functional effects, difficulties in its production and its poor pharmacokinetics. The aim of the present study was to establish a recombinant adenovirus (ADV.TSP-1(f)) expressing antiangiogenic fragment of TSP-1 (TSP-1(f)), and to determine the feasibility for use of the adenovirally expressed TSP-1(f) in leukemia gene therapy. The results of this investigation showed that TSP-1(f) was expressed efficiently in adenovirus-transduced human myelogenous leukemia K562 cells. Compared to the controls, although there was almost no effect on proliferation of K562 cells in vitro, adenovirus-mediated TSP-1(f) transduction inhibited the growth of K562 xenografts dramatically. Furthermore, the microvessel density (MVD) was much lower in the ADV.TSP-1(f)-treated tumors compared to the controls. These data support the use of in vivo gene delivery approach to produce antiangiogenic fragment of TSP-1 for leukemia therapy.
    Leukemia Research 09/2003; 27(8):701-8. · 2.69 Impact Factor