[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Our objective was to analyze the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) antitumoral effect upon glioblastoma, including whether the lipid A subunit alone can elicit glioblastoma regression, whether dexamethasone suppresses this response to LPS, whether B and T lymphocytes factor in this response, and whether this antitumoral effect of LPS provides resistance against subsequent challenge with glioblastoma. Mice (BALB/c, nude or SCID) implanted with s.c. DBT glioblastomas were treated with LPS (with or without dexamethasone) or with lipid A. A subset of BALB/c mice in which s.c. DBT glioblastomas had previously been eradicated using LPS were re-implanted with s.c. or intracranial (i.c.) DBT cells. For mice with s.c. tumors, mean tumor masses (MTM) were compared between groups. Survival was compared for mice with i.c. tumors. Lipid A caused near complete tumor regression of DBT glioblastomas in BALB/c mice (p<0.0001). Dexamethasone did not alter the antitumoral effect of LPS (p=0.48). LPS reduced the MTM of s.c. glioblastomas in T lymphocyte-deficient nude mice, but not as effectively as in immunocompetent mice. The antitumoral response to LPS for T and B lymphocyte-deficient SCID mice bearing DBT glioblastomas was similar to that for nude mice. Eradication of s.c. DBT glioblastoma in BALB/c provided partial resistance to subsequent challenge with s.c. or i.c. glioblastoma. We conclude that the LPS-mediated antitumoral response against glioblastoma is dependent upon the lipid A subunit of LPS, partially dependent upon T lymphocytes, independent of B lymphocytes, unaffected by dexamethasone and provides partial protection against subsequent challenges with glioblastoma.
Anti-Cancer Drugs 08/2003; 14(6):457-66. · 2.23 Impact Factor