Dermatology 02/2005; 210(4):353-5. DOI:10.1159/000084766 · 1.69 Impact Factor
Although abnormalities of various chemokines are detected in systemic sclerosis (SSc), there are few findings concerning Th1 or Th2 chemoattractants.
To determine whether serum levels of chemokines preferentially chemotactic for Th1 cells (IP-10 and MIG) and predominantly chemotactic for Th2 cells (TARC and MDC) are elevated and whether they correlate with clinical features in patients with SSc.
Serum samples from patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dSSc; n = 34), limited cutaneous SSc (lSSc; n = 30), dermatomyositis (DM; n = 15), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; n = 22), and normal controls (n = 30) were examined by sandwich ELISA.
Serum TARC levels were significantly elevated in dSSc patients (P < 0.0002) and lSSc patients (P < 0.0001) compared with normal controls. Similarly, serum MDC levels were significantly increased in patients with dSSc (P < 0.02) or lSSc (P < 0.05) relative to normal controls. In addition, serum IP-10 was detected significantly more frequently in patients with dSSc (44%), lSSc (30%), or DM (53%) than normal controls (0%) and patients with SLE (0%). Furthermore, elevated TARC levels correlated with the presence of pitting scars and anti-topoisomerase I antibody, increased titers of anti-topoisomerase I and antinuclear antibody, and decreased glomerular filtration rate. Increased MDC levels were associated with pitting scars and younger ages at onset.
These results suggest that both Th2 chemoattractants, TARC and MDC, and a Th1 chemoattractant IP-10 play a role in the development of SSc.
Journal of Dermatological Science 06/2004; 35(1):43-51. DOI:10.1016/j.jdermsci.2004.03.001 · 3.34 Impact Factor
To determine whether serum concentrations of 2 CXC chemokines, interleukin 8 (IL-8) and growth-regulated oncogene-alpha (GRO-alpha), which are potent chemoattractants and activators for neutrophils, are elevated and whether they correlate with clinical features in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc).
Serum samples from patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dSSc; n = 36), limited cutaneous SSc (lSSc; n = 42), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; n = 15), dermatomyositis (DM; n = 15), and healthy controls (n = 35) were examined by ELISA.
Serum IL-8 was detected significantly more frequently in patients with dSSc (61%) and lSSc (55%) relative to healthy controls (6%), patients with SLE (7%), and those with DM (13%). Similarly, serum GRO-alpha concentrations in SSc patients were significantly increased compared with controls, patients with SLE, or those with DM. Elevated IL-8 concentrations significantly correlated with decreased % DLCO and rheumatoid factor positivity, while increased GRO-alpha levels were significantly associated with decreased % DLCO and % vital capacity, involvement of kidney and muscle, the presence of anti-topoisomerase I antibody, and increased serum IgG levels.
Our results suggest that the elevation of serum levels of the CXC chemokines IL-8 and GRO-alpha is specific to SSc and that the elevation of CXC chemokines, particularly GRO-alpha, correlates with the involvement of internal organs, especially pulmonary damage.
The Journal of Rheumatology 08/2003; 30(7):1524-8. · 3.17 Impact Factor