[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thirty-two consecutive adult celiac disease (CD) patients (pts), complaining of peripheral neuropathy (12 pts), autonomic dysfunction (17 pts), or both (3 pts), were evaluated to assess the presence of neurological damage (by clinical neurological evaluation and electrophysiological study) and antineuronal antibodies and to assess the effect of a gluten-free diet (GFD) on the course of the neurological symptoms and on antineuronal antibodies. At entry, 12 of 32 (38%) pts showed signs and symptoms of neurological damage: 7 of 12 (58%), peripheral neurological damage; 3 of 12 (25%), autonomic dysfunction; and 2 (17%), both peripheral neurological damage and autonomic dysfunction. The overall TNS score was 105 at entry. Anti-GM1 antibodies were present in 5 of 12 (42%) pts: 3 showed peripheral neurological damage and 2 showed both peripheral neurological damage and autonomic dysfunction. One year after the GFD was started, histological lesions were still present in only 10 of 12 (83%) pts. TNS score was 99, 98, 98, and 101 at the 3rd, 6th, 9th, and 12th month after the GFD was started, so it did not improve throughout the follow-up. None of the pts showed disappearance of antineuronal antibodies throughout the follow-up. We conclude that adult CD patients may show neurological damage and presence of antineuronal antibodies. Unfortunately, these findings do not disappear with a GFD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 71-year-old-woman was admitted to the S. Eugenio Hospital for a history of progressively impaired standing and gait. Anamnesis revealed systemic hypertension, gastric polyposis and juvenile pulmonary tuberculosis. Neurological examination showed a severe truncal and gait ataxia, without any sensory-motor impairment. Motor and somato-sensory evoked potentials were normal. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed minimal signs of chronic ischemia only at a supratentorial level. Cerebral Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, spinal MRI, total body computed tomography, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and finally total body Positron Emission Tomography resulted negative for neoplasms. Oncological serum markers were negative. Serum antibody against Purkinje's cells (Anti-Yo) was detected and titer was 1:80, while normally it should be undetectable. Other autoantibodies (Anti-Hu, Anti-Ri) were undetectable. Two sessions of plasma exchange (PE) were thus performed, leading to a rapid, marked and durable improvement of standing and gait and to a reduction of the autoantibody, which became undetectable. No serious adverse effect was noted. Although no definite therapy for autoimmune cerebellar ataxia has been established, PE should be considered as one of the main therapeutic choices.
Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 01/2005; 8(6):500-2. DOI:10.1111/j.1774-9987.2004.00198.x · 1.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Some recent studies showed that alteration of upper-gut motility in coeliac disease may be related to dysfunction of autonomic nervous system. The aim of our study was to investigate whether autonomic nervous system was altered in untreated and unselected coeliac disease patients.
We studied 8 untreated and consecutive coeliac disease patients (2 males and 6 females, age range 37+/-14.5 years). Histological evaluation of duodenal mucosa, anti-gliadin antibodies (AGA), antiendomysial antibodies (EMA) and anti-tTG antibodies and sorbitol H2 breath test were performed in all patients. Extrinsic autonomic neuropathy was assessed by the standardized measurement of cardiovascular reflexes (lying-to-standing, Valsalva manoeuvre, deep breathing, sustained handgrip). The results obtained were compared with a healthy, asymptomatic control group (6 males and 7 females, age range 42.3+/-13.5 years).
Coeliac patients exhibited a lower increase of PAS as a response to isometric effort, a reduction of spectral power LF as a response to clinostatic position, but without statistical significance. Also they showed a lower tolerance to orthostatic position, associated with a latent disequilibrium of sympathetic-vagal balance, a relative prevalence of parasympathetic component of the autonomic function. However, these results were not statistically significant when compared with control group (P = n.s.). And they were unchanged after 6 and 12 mo of gluten-free diet.
This study failed to confirm a significant correlation between autonomic dysfunction and coeliac disease, yet we could not exclude a role of autonomic dysfunction in the genesis of systemic symptoms in some coeliacs.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2004; 10(18):2715-8. · 2.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sirs: Myopathy and rhabdomyolysis are well known adverse effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HCR) inhibitor therapy. Cholesterol-lowering agent myopathy (CLAM) is a subacute evolving pathology with rapid clinical resolution after withdrawal of HCR inhibitors. The risk of CLAM appears to be increased up to tenfold in pa
Journal of Neurology 08/2003; 250(7):887-8. DOI:10.1007/s00415-003-1124-y · 3.84 Impact Factor