Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie 08/2003; 48(6):427-8. · 2.42 Impact Factor
Canadian family physician Médecin de famille canadien 08/2002; 48:1190. · 1.41 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To review new perspectives on diagnosis, clinical features, epidemiology, and treatment of bipolar II and related disorders.
Articles were identified by searching MEDLINE and ClinPSYCH from January 1994 to August 2001 using the key words bipolar disorder, type II or 2; hypomania; spectrum; or variants. Reference lists from articles were reviewed. Overall, the quality of evidence was not high; we found no randomized controlled trials that specifically addressed bipolar II or bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs).
Characterized by elevated mood cycling with depression, BSDs appear to be much more common than previously thought, affecting up to 30% of primary care patients presenting with anxiety or depressive symptoms. Hypomania, the defining feature of bipolar II disorder, is often not detected. Collateral information, semistructured interviews, and brief screening instruments could improve diagnosis. Antidepressants should be used with caution. The newer mood stabilizers or combinations of mood stabilizers might be the treatments of choice in the future.
Family physicians, as primary providers of mental health care, should try to recognize and treat BSDs more frequently. These disorders are becoming increasingly common in primary care populations.
Canadian family physician Médecin de famille canadien 06/2002; 48:896-904. · 1.41 Impact Factor