Juraj Ahel

University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Primorsko-Goranska Zupanija, Croatia

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Publications (4)1.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignant tumor of the kidney. The major goal of imaging techniques is to correctly differentiate between benign and malignant renal lesions. We present the cases of six patients with renal masses that were interpreted completely differently based on ultrasound (US) and computerized tomography (CT) findings.From January 1st, 2008 to March 1st, 2014, 307 patients from our center underwent nephrectomy for RCC. In all patients US and CT were performed before the operation.In six patients, the US indicated a focal, solid renal lesion that was interpreted by CT as a cystic lesion (Bosniak II-III). Because discrepancies were evident, renal biopsies were performed. The biopsies revealed RCC in the six patients, all of whom underwent subsequent nephrectomy. All of the patients were confirmed to have macroscopically solid RCC without any cystic components.In most cases, CT is the most accurate diagnostic technique for the clinical diagnostic classification of renal masses. In cases where US characterizes a renal lesion as solid, despite CT findings of a cystic lesion, kidney biopsies are recommended. The 6 cases reported here support our belief that, in diagnostic processes of RCC, these techniques should be complementary used.
    Urologia. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Lymphoceles are a well-known surgical complication of kidney transplantation. We retrospectively analyzed patients with lymphoceles among our renal transplant recipients. During the last 39 years, we performed 922 renal transplantations. Lymphoceles were diagnosed and treated in 45 (4.9%) patients. We used the following methods: percutaneous drainage with instillation of povidone-iodide in 36 (80%), percutaneous drainage with instillation of tetracycline in one (2.2%), percutaneous aspiration in four (8.9%) and surgical treatment in four (8.9%) patients. In all four (8.9%) patients with relapse, secondary procedure was successful. In total, open surgery was done in five (11.1%) and laparoscopy in four (8.9%) patients. Percutaneous drainage of lymphoceles, with or without the instillation of a sclerosant, is the first-line treatment. Laparoscopic fenestration of lymphoceles has become an alternative to percutaneous drainage, especially in case of post-drainage relapse.
    Acta medica Croatica: c̆asopis Hravatske akademije medicinskih znanosti 01/2011; 65(4):305-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is a leading public health problem of male population in developed countries. Gold standard for prostate cancer diagnosis is true cut biopsy guided by transrectal ultrasound. Aim of this study was to determine sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive value of transrectal sonography (TRUS) in prostate cancer detection. The analysis was made for two time periods, before and after routine implementation of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in prostate cancer diagnostics. From 1984 to 1993 TRUS guided prostate biopsy was performed in 564, and from 1994 to 2008 in 5678 patients. In the second period PSA was routinely used in prostate cancer diagnostics. In the first period by TRUS we have made an exact diagnosis of prostate cancer in 18.97% of patients what was confirmed by biopsy. 4.61% ware false positive and 11.34% ware false negative. In the second period prostate cancer was recognized in 30.34% of patients, confirmed by biopsy. False positive cases ware 6.11% and false negative 29.31%. Sensitivity of transrectal sonography in the first period was 62.57%, specificity 94.2%, accuracy 86.2%, positive predictive value 80.45% and negative predictive value 87.72%. In the second period sensitivity was 50.87%, specificity 91.93%, accuracy 73.84%, positive predictive value 83.24% and negative predictive value 70.39%. Based on our experience we can conclude that prostate cancer is mostly found in the peripheral zone. Smaller tumors are hypoechoic and bigger tumors are hyperechoic. Prostate cancer lesions are impossible to differentiate from chronic prostatitis only by TRUS. Implementation of PSA has significantly decrease sensitivity, accuracy and negative predictive value of TRUS in prostate cancer detection. TRUS guided true cut biopsy is a gold standard in prostate cancer diagnostics.
    Collegium antropologicum 04/2010; 34 Suppl 2:239-42. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because of a possible delayed wound healing, critical colonization and infection of wounds present a problem for surgeons. Colonized and infected wounds are a potential source for cross-infection. Molndal technique of wound dressing has proven to be effective in prevention of infection. Also the wound heal better and faster. In our study we wanted to describe the benefits of the Molndal technique wound dressing after laparoscopic cholecistectomy compared to traditional wound dressing technique. Molndal technique consisted of wound dressing with Aquacel Ag--Hydrofiber (ConvaTec, Dublin, Ireland). Traditional technique was performed using gauze compresses and hypoallergic adhesives. We analyzed the results of 100 patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. 50 patients were treated by Molndal technique and 50 patients by the traditional technique of wound dressing. In the group treated by Molndal technique only 1 (2%) patient has revealed a wound infection, proven by positive microbiological examination and suppuration, mostly in the subumbilical incision. In the traditional technique group 7 (14%) patients developed wound infection also predominantly in the subumbilical incision. The difference was statistically significant (p < 0.01). Our results are clearly showing that Molndal technique is effective in preventing the infection of subumbilical incision wound and is to by recommend for regular use at designated site after laparoscopic cholecistectomy.
    Collegium antropologicum 04/2010; 34 Suppl 2:243-5. · 0.61 Impact Factor