[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present results from a study of hadronic event structure in high energy e+e− interactions using the L3 detector at LEP. A new class of event shape distributions are measured at and above the Z boson pole for light quark (u, d, s, c) flavours. Energy flow correlations are studied for all hadronic events. Next-to-leading-log QCD calculations and QCD models with improved leading-log approximations are compared to data and good agreement is found at the Z-pole whereas some discrepancies are observed at higher centre-of-mass energies.
Journal of High Energy Physics 08/2013; 2011(10). · 5.62 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Fibre Active Scintillator Target (FAST) experiment at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) is designed for a high-precision measurement of the μ+μ+ lifetime, in the order of a few parts per million. This paper describes the design, construction and performance of the FAST detector and its readout electronics, trigger and data acquisition system.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 02/2013; 700:1–9. · 1.14 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The four LEP collaborations, ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL, have searched for the neutral Higgs bosons which are predicted by
the Minimal Supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). The data of the four collaborations are statistically combined and examined
for their consistency with the background hypothesis and with a possible Higgs boson signal. The combined LEP data show no
significant excess of events which would indicate the production of Higgs bosons. The search results are used to set upper
bounds on the cross-sections of various Higgs-like event topologies. The results are interpreted within the MSSM in a number
of “benchmark” models, including CP-conserving and CP-violating scenarios. These interpretations lead in all cases to large
exclusions in the MSSM parameter space. Absolute limits are set on the parameter cosβ and, in some scenarios, on the masses
of neutral Higgs bosons.
European Physical Journal C 04/2012; 47(3):547-587. · 5.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bose–Einstein correlations of pairs of identical charged pions produced in hadronic Z decays are analyzed in terms of various
parametrizations. A good description is achieved using a Lévy stable distribution in conjunction with a model where a particle’s
momentum is correlated with its space–time point of production, the τ-model. Using this description and the measured rapidity and transverse momentum distributions, the space–time evolution of
particle emission in two-jet events is reconstructed. However, the elongation of the particle emission region previously observed
is not accommodated in the τ-model, and this is investigated using an adhoc modification.
European Physical Journal C 04/2012; 71(5):1-25. · 5.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The variety of isotopes in cosmic rays allows us to study different aspects of the processes that cosmic rays undergo between the time they are produced and the time of their arrival in the heliosphere. In this paper, we present measurements of the isotopic ratios 2H/4He, 3He/4He, 6Li/7Li, 7Be/(9Be+10Be), and 10B/11B in the range 0.2-1.4 GeV of kinetic energy per nucleon. The measurements are based on the data collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, AMS-01, during the STS-91 flight in 1998 June.
The Astrophysical Journal 07/2011; 736(2):105. · 6.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Measurement of the chemical and isotopic composition of cosmic rays is essential for the precise understanding of their propagation in the galaxy. While the model parameters are mainly determined using the B/C ratio, the study of extended sets of ratios can provide stronger constraints on the propagation models. In this paper, the relative abundances of light-nuclei lithium, beryllium, boron, and carbon are presented. The secondary-to-primary ratios Li/C, Be/C, and B/C have been measured in the kinetic energy range 0.35-45 GeV nucleon–1. The isotopic ratio 7Li/6Li is also determined in the magnetic rigidity interval 2.5-6.3 GV. The secondary-to-secondary ratios Li/Be, Li/B, and Be/B are also reported. These measurements are based on the data collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer AMS-01 during the STS-91 space shuttle flight in 1998 June. Our experimental results are in substantial agreement with other measurements, where they exist. We describe our light-nuclei data with a diffusive-reacceleration model. A 10%-15% overproduction of Be is found in the model predictions and can be attributed to uncertainties in the production cross-section data.
The Astrophysical Journal 11/2010; 724(1):329. · 6.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The ring imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detector of the AMS-02 spectrometer provides a very precise measurement of the electric charge and velocity. The RICH detector is composed of a conical reflector ended on top by a dual radiator plane made of sodium fluoride and aerogel, and at the bottom by a detector plane made of pixelized photomultipliers. The vast majority of the events (∼90%) that are collected in the RICH cross the aerogel radiator. Therefore, the choice and characterization of the aerogel radiator is essential for reaching the design goals. A prototype of the RICH detector was built for both concept proof and testing of the different elements. Beam tests with the RICH prototype and using several aerogel radiator samples were performed at CERN in 2002 and 2003. This note summarizes the method used and the results obtained for the light yield of different aerogel samples.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 01/2010; · 1.14 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Fibre Active Scintillator Target (FAST) experiment is a novel imaging particle detector currently operating in a high-intensity π+ beam at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Villigen, Switzerland. The detector is designed to perform a high precision measurement of the μ+ lifetime, in order to determine the Fermi constant, Gf, to 1 ppm precision. A dedicated second level (LV2) hardware trigger system has been developed for the experiment. It performs an online analysis of the π/μ decay chain by identifying the stopping position of each beam particle and detecting the subsequent appearance of the muon. The LV2 trigger then records the muon stop pixel and selectively triggers the Time-to-Digital Converters (TDCs) in the vicinity. A detailed description of the trigger system is presented in this paper.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 10/2009; 609(s 2–3):235–243. · 1.14 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Fiber Active Scintillator Target (FAST) is an imaging particle detector intended for high precision muon lifetime measurement. This measurement will lead to a determination of the Fermi coupling constant (GF) with an uncertainty of 1 ppm, one order of magnitude better than the current world average. This contribution presents a description of the detector instrumentation and the first results, which have validated the design of the system.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Context. Primary cosmic rays experience multiple deflections in the non-uniform galactic and heliospheric magnetic fields which may generate anisotropies. Aims. A study of anisotropies in the energy range between 100 and 500 GeV is performed. This energy range is not yet well explored. Methods. The L3 detector at the CERN electron-positron collider, LEP, is used for a study of the angular distribution of atmospheric muons with energies above 20 GeV. This distribution is used to investigate the isotropy of the time-dependent intensity of the primary cosmic-ray flux with a Fourier analysis. Results. A small deviation from isotropy at energies around 200 GeV is observed for the second harmonics at the solar frequency. No sidereal anisotropy is found at a level above 10(-4). The measurements were performed in the years 1999 and 2000.
Astronomy and Astrophysics 03/2008; 488:1093-1100. · 5.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), whose final version AMS-02 is to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) for at least 3 years, is a detector designed to measure charged cosmic ray spectra with energies up to the TeV region and with high energy photon detection capability up to a few hundred GeV. It is equipped with several subsystems, one of which is a proximity focusing RICH detector with a dual radiator (aerogel+NaF) that provides reliable measurements for particle velocity and charge. The assembly and testing of the AMS RICH is currently being finished and the full AMS detector is expected to be ready by the end of 2008. The RICH detector of AMS-02 is presented. Physics prospects are briefly discussed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The AMS detector, to be installed on the International Space Station, includes a Ring Imaging Cerenkov detector with two different radiators, silica aerogel (n=1.05) and sodium fluoride (n=1.334). This detector is designed to provide very precise measurements of velocity and electric charge in a wide range of cosmic nuclei energies and atomic numbers. The detector geometry, in particular the presence of a reflector for acceptance purposes, leads to complex Cerenkov patterns detected in a pixelized photomultiplier matrix. The results of different reconstruction methods applied to test beam data as well as to simulated samples are presented. To ensure nominal performances throughout the flight, several detector parameters have to be carefully monitored. The algorithms developed to fulfill these requirements are presented. The velocity and charge measurements provided by the RICH detector endow the AMS spectrometer with precise particle identification capabilities in a wide energy range. The expected performances on light isotope separation are discussed.