ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the effectiveness of 400 mg ibuprofen arginate either as a pre-emptive (PRE group) or postoperative (POST group) analgesic using a common dental pain model.
A randomized double-blind crossover clinical trial involving a series of consecutive patients admitted for bilateral third molar surgery. Results were analysed according to the self-reported pain score and the pattern of rescue medication taken.
The mean pain score ranged from 0.73 to 1.60 for the PRE group and 0.47 to 1.41 for the POST group among 30 included subjects. The mean time point when first rescue medication taken was 7.3 hours and 8.3 hours postoperative, respectively. Nine patients (30 per cent) in the PRE group and 12 patients (40 per cent) in the POST group took no rescue medication. There was no statistically significant difference for all parameters between groups, while a majority (53 per cent) found the drug "good" to "excellent" in both groups.
Ibuprofen arginate may be considered effective in reducing surgically induced moderate to severe pain when administered either pre-operatively or postoperatively due to the reported relatively low pain score, less consumption of rescue medication, delayed onset of pain, good number of pain-free patients and a high rating in the global assessment score.
Australian Dental Journal 12/2009; 54(4):355-60. · 1.19 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted to compare the use of bioresorbable and titanium mini-plates and screws in Le Fort I maxillary osteotomies for evaluation of clinical morbidity and stability. Forty patients requiring Le Fort I osteotomies were randomly assigned to two groups. One group underwent bioresorbable mini-plate fixation and the other titanium mini-plate fixation. Stability of the maxilla was determined by serial cephalometric analysis at 2 and 6 weeks and at 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Subjective and objective assessment of clinical morbidity was made prospectively. There were no differences in complications between the two fixation materials. Maxillae with bioresorbable fixation were significantly more mobile at the second postoperative week. Bioresorbable plates were initially more easily palpable, but their palpability decreased with time. Titanium plates became significantly more palpable at the 1-year follow-up. There was no difference in neurosensory disturbance between groups. Patients with bioresorbable plate fixation showed significantly more upward displacement in anterior maxilla following impaction and posterior maxilla following downgrafting from the 2nd to 6th postoperative week. The horizontal and angular relapses in the two groups were comparable. Le Fort I osteotomy with bioresorbable fixation results in no greater morbidity than with titanium fixation up to 1 postoperative year.
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 04/2008; 37(3):232-41. · 1.51 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To investigate the prevalence and pattern of impacted teeth and associated pathologies in the Hong Kong Chinese population.
The Reception and Primary Care Clinic, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, Hong Kong.
The records of 7486 patients were examined to determine whether the chief complaints were related to impacted teeth and associated pathologies, which were investigated using panoramic radiographs.
A total of 2115 (28.3%) patients presented with at least one impacted tooth. Among the 3853 impacted teeth, mandibular third molars were the most common (82.5%), followed by maxillary third molars (15.6%), and maxillary canines (0.8%). Approximately 8% of mandibular second molars associated with impacted third molars had periodontal bone loss of more than 5 mm on their distal surfaces. Caries were also found on the same surfaces in approximately 7% of the second molars. Approximately 30% of patients with dental impaction had symptoms, and 75% had complaints limited to one side of the mouth.
The prevalence of impacted teeth was high, and there was a predilection for impacted third molars in the mandible. More than 50% of maxillary third molars had erupted, creating potential trauma of the pericoronal tissues of the partially erupted mandibular third molars. Caries and periodontal diseases were commonly seen in relation to the impacted third molars, whereas cystic pathology and root resorption were rarely observed.
Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi / Hong Kong Academy of Medicine 07/2003; 9(3):158-63.