[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The taccalonolides are a unique class of microtubule stabilizers that do not bind directly to tubulin. Three new taccalonolides, Z, AA, and AB, along with two known compounds, taccalonolides R and T, were isolated from Tacca chantrieri and Tacca integrifolia. Taccalonolide structures were determined by 1D and 2D NMR methods. The biological activities of the new taccalonolides, as well as taccalonolides A, B, E, N, R, and T, were evaluated. All nine taccalonolides display microtubule stabilizing activity, but profound differences in antiproliferative potencies were noted, with IC(50) values ranging from the low nanomolar range for taccalonolide AA (32 nM) to the low micromolar range for taccalonolide R (13 μM). These studies demonstrate that diverse taccalonolides possess microtubule stabilizing properties and that significant structure-activity relationships exist. In vivo antitumor evaluations of taccalonolides A, E, and N show that each of these molecules has in vivo antitumor activity.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 08/2011; 54(17):6117-24. · 5.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A new benzoquinone-type retro-dihydrochalcone, named evelynin, was isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Tacca chantrieri. The structure was elucidated on the basis of the analysis of spectroscopic data and confirmed by a simple one-step total synthesis. Evelynin exhibited cytotoxicity against four human cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-435 melanoma, MDA-MB-231 breast, PC-3 prostate, and HeLa cervical carcinoma cells, with IC(50) values of 4.1, 3.9, 4.7, and 6.3 μM, respectively.
Journal of Natural Products 09/2010; 73(9):1590-2. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The taccalonolides are a class of structurally and mechanistically distinct microtubule-stabilizing agents isolated from Tacca chantrieri. A crucial feature of the taxane family of microtubule stabilizers is their susceptibility to cellular resistance mechanisms including overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug resistance protein 7 (MRP7), and the betaIII isotype of tubulin. The ability of four taccalonolides, A, E, B, and N, to circumvent these multidrug resistance mechanisms was studied. Taccalonolides A, E, B, and N were effective in vitro against cell lines that overexpress Pgp and MRP7. In addition, taccalonolides A and E were highly active in vivo against a doxorubicin- and paclitaxel-resistant Pgp-expressing tumor, Mam17/ADR. An isogenic HeLa-derived cell line that expresses the betaIII isotype of tubulin was generated to evaluate the effect of betaIII-tubulin on drug sensitivity. When compared with parental HeLa cells, the betaIII-tubulin-overexpressing cell line was less sensitive to paclitaxel, docetaxel, epothilone B, and vinblastine. In striking contrast, the betaIII-tubulin-overexpressing cell line showed greater sensitivity to all four taccalonolides. These data cumulatively suggest that the taccalonolides have advantages over the taxanes in their ability to circumvent multiple drug resistance mechanisms. The ability of the taccalonolides to overcome clinically relevant mechanisms of drug resistance in vitro and in vivo confirms that the taccalonolides represent a valuable addition to the family of microtubule-stabilizing compounds with clinical potential.
Cancer Research 12/2008; 68(21):8881-8. · 8.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: During the course of a mechanism-based screening program designed to identify new microtubule-disrupting agents from natural products, we identified a crude extract from Tacca chantrieri that initiated Taxol-like microtubule bundling. Bioassay-directed purification of the extract yielded the highly oxygenated steroids taccalonolides E and A. The taccalonolides caused an increased density of cellular microtubules in interphase cells and the formation of thick bundles of microtubules similar to the effects of Taxol. Mitotic cells exhibited abnormal mitotic spindles containing three or more spindle poles. The taccalonolides were evaluated for antiproliferative effects in drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant cell lines. The data indicate that taccalonolide E is slightly more potent than taccalonolide A in drug-sensitive cell lines and that both taccalonolides are effective inhibitors of cell proliferation. Both taccalonolides are poorer substrates for transport by P-glycoprotein than Taxol. The ability of the taccalonolides to circumvent mutations in the Taxol-binding region of beta-tubulin was examined using the PTX 10, PTX 22, and 1A9/A8 cell lines. The data suggest little cross-resistance of taccalonolide A as compared with Taxol, however, the data from the PTX 22 cell line indicate a 12-fold resistance to taccalonolide E, suggesting a potential overlap of binding sites. Characteristic of agents that disrupt microtubules, the taccalonolides caused G(2)-M accumulation, Bcl-2 phosphorylation, and initiation of apoptosis. The taccalonolides represent a novel class of plant-derived microtubule-stabilizers that differ structurally and biologically from other classes of microtubule-stabilizers.
Cancer Research 07/2003; 63(12):3211-20. · 8.65 Impact Factor