Jan Czyzyk

University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, United States

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Publications (7)35.86 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Secretion of anti-serpinB13 autontibodies in young diabetes-prone nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice is associated with reduced inflammation in the pancreatic islets and a slower progression to autoimmune diabetes. Injection of these mice with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against serpinB13 also leads to fewer inflammatory cells in the islets and more rapid recovery from recent-onset diabetes. An exact mechanism by which anti-serpin activity is protective remains unclear. We found that serpinB13 is expressed in the exocrine component of the mouse pancreas, including the ductal cells. We also found that anti-serpinB13 mAb blocks the inhibitory activity of serpinB13, thereby allowing partial preservation of the function of its target protease. Consistent with the hypothesis that anti-clade B serpin activity blocks the serpin from binding, exposure to exogenous anti-serpinB13 mAb or endogenous anti-serpinB13 autoantibodies resulted in the cleavage of surface molecules CD4 and CD19 in lymphocytes that accumulate in the pancreatic islets and pancreatic lymph nodes but not in the inguinal lymph nodes. This cleavage was inhibited by an E64 protease inhibitor. Consequently, T cells with the truncated form of CD4 secreted reduced levels of interferon-γ. We conclude that anti-serpin antibodies prevent serpinB13 from neutralizing proteases, thereby impairing leukocyte function and reducing the severity of autoimmune inflammation.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2012; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intracellular (clade B) OVA-serpin protease inhibitors play an important role in tissue homeostasis by protecting cells from death in response to hypo-osmotic stress, heat shock, and other stimuli. It is not known whether these serpins influence immunological tolerance and the risk for autoimmune diseases. We found that a fraction of young autoimmune diabetes-prone NOD mice had elevated levels of autoantibodies against a member of clade B family known as serpinB13. High levels of anti-serpinB13 Abs were accompanied by low levels of anti-insulin autoantibodies, reduced numbers of islet-associated T cells, and delayed onset of diabetes. Exposure to anti-serpinB13 mAb alone also decreased islet inflammation, and coadministration of this reagent and a suboptimal dose of anti-CD3 mAb accelerated recovery from diabetes. In a fashion similar to that discovered in the NOD model, a deficiency in humoral activity against serpinB13 was associated with early onset of human type 1 diabetes. These findings suggest that, in addition to limiting exposure to proteases within the cell, clade B serpins help to maintain homeostasis by inducing protective humoral immunity.
    The Journal of Immunology 05/2012; 188(12):6319-27. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The propensity of T cells to generate coordinated cytokine responses is critical for the host to develop resistance to pathogens while maintaining the state of immunotolerance to self-antigens. The exact mechanisms responsible for preventing the overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines including interferon (IFN)-gamma are not fully understood, however. In this study, we examined the role of a recently described Ras GTPase effector and repressor of the Raf/MEK/ERK cascade called impedes mitogenic signal propagation (Imp) in limiting the induction of T-cell cytokines. We found that stimulation of the T cell receptor complex leads to the rapid development of a physical association between Ras and Imp. Consistent with the hypothesis that Imp inhibits signal transduction, we also found that disengagement of this molecule by the Ras(V12G37) effector loop mutant or RNA interference markedly enhances the activation of the NFAT transcription factor and IFN-gamma secretion. A strong output of IFN-gamma is responsible for the distinct lymphocyte traffic pattern observed in vivo because the transgenic or retroviral expression of Ras(V12G37) caused T cells to accumulate preferentially in the lymph nodes and delayed their escape from the lymphoid tissue, respectively. Together, our results describe a hitherto unrecognized negative regulatory role for Imp in the production of IFN-gamma in T cells and point to Ras-Imp binding as an attractive target for therapeutic interventions in conditions involving the production of this inflammatory cytokine.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/2008; 283(34):23004-15. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We here describe a novel CD4 T cell adoptive transfer model of severe experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in (C57BL6xB10.PL)F1 mice. This FI cross developed severe disease characterized by extensive parenchymal spinal cord and brain periventricular white matter infiltrates. In contrast, B10.PL mice developed mild disease characterized by meningeal predominant infiltrates. As determined by cDNA microarray and quantitative real time PCR expression analysis, histologic and flow cytometry analysis of inflammatory infiltrates, and attenuation of disease in class I-deficient and CD8-depleted F1 mice; this severe disease phenotype appears to be regulated by CNS infiltration of CD8 T lymphocytes early in the disease course.
    Journal of Neuroimmunology 08/2007; 187(1-2):31-43. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    Jan Czyzyk
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    ABSTRACT: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are an essential component of innate immunity, the first line of defense against invading pathogens. However, in addition to activating antimicrobial effector responses directly, TLRs lead to the induction of signals that control the activation of adaptive responses including autoimmune responses and allorecognition. This ability of TLR to control both innate and adaptive immunity has a broad applicability to the development of novel immunotherapies and antimicrobial strategies. This review discusses the basic biology of TLR and their contribution to renal disease.
    Seminars in Nephrology 04/2006; 26(2):167-72. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Small GTPase Ras is capable of mediating activation in T lymphocytes by using Raf kinase-dependent signaling pathway. Other effectors of Ras exist, however, suggesting that targets of Ras alternative to Raf may also contribute to T cell functions. Here we demonstrate that Ras(V12G37) mutant that fails to bind Raf, potently increases intracellular calcium concentration and cytokine production in primary antigen-stimulated T cells. From three known effectors which retain the ability to interact with Ras(V12G37), overexpression of phospholipase C epsilon but not that of RIN1 or Ral guanine nucleotide exchange factors enhanced cytokine and nuclear factor-activated T cell reporter T cell responses. Hence T cell activation can be critically regulated by the Ras effector pathway independent from Raf that can be mimicked by phospholipase C epsilon.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 06/2003; 100(10):6003-8. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By using ligands with various affinities for the T-cell receptor (TCR) and by altering the contribution of the CD45 tyrosine phosphatase, the effects of the potency of TCR-induced signals on the function of small GTPases Ras and Rap1 were studied. T cells expressing low-molecular-weight CD45 isoforms (e.g., CD45RO) exhibited the strongest activation of the Ras-dependent Elk-1 transcription factor and the highest sensitivity to the inhibitory action of dominant negative mutant Ras compared to T cells expressing high-molecular-weight CD45 isoforms (ABC). Moreover, stimulation of CD45RO(+), but not CD45ABC(+), T cells with a high-affinity TCR ligand induced suboptimal Elk-1 activation compared with the stimulation induced by an intermediate-affinity TCR-ligand interaction. This observation suggested that the Ras-dependent signaling pathway is safeguarded in CD45RO(+) expressors by a negative regulatory mechanism(s) which prohibits maximal activation of the Ras-dependent signaling events following high-avidity TCR-ligand engagement. Interestingly, the biochemical activity of another small GTPase, the Ras-like protein Rap1, which has been implicated in the functional suppression of Ras signaling, was inversely correlated with the extent of Elk-1 activation induced by different-affinity TCR ligands. Consistently, overexpression of putative Rap dominant negative mutant RapN17 or the physiologic inhibitor of Rap1, the Rap GTPase-activating protein RapGAP, augmented the Elk-1 response in CD45RO(+) T cells. This is in contrast to the suppressive effect of RapN17 and RapGAP on CD45ABC(+) T cells, underscoring the possibility that Rap1 can act as either a repressor or a potentiator of Ras effector signals, depending on CD45 isoform expression. These observations suggest that cells expressing distinct isoforms of CD45 employ different signal transduction schemes to optimize Ras-mediated signal transduction in activated T lymphocytes.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 01/2001; 20(23):8740-7. · 5.37 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

44 Citations
35.86 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • University of Rochester
      • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      Rochester, NY, United States
  • 2001–2006
    • Yale University
      • Department of Immunobiology
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States
  • 2003
    • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
      Maryland, United States